Dalmatian wall lizard
|Dalmatian wall lizard|
The Dalmatian wall lizard (Podarcis melisellensis) is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is found in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy, Serbia and Montenegro, and Slovenia. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, rocky areas, and pastureland.
Dalmatian wall lizards grow up to 65 mm (2.6 in) in snout–vent length. Tail is about twice as long as the body. Female lizards lay 2–8 eggs. Juveniles are about 25 mm (0.98 in) in snout–vent length upon hatching.
These lizards display three ventral color morphs: yellow, orange and white. A male that is an orange color morph is seen as a more dominant male than any other morph in intrasexual competition, since the orange color displays the lizard as more aggressive. Orange morph lizards have a larger size and bite force so they can ward off competing males in order to mate with a female of choice and claim territory  In this species of lizards, the females prefer the orange males since the orange males are bigger and healthier and can give a female’s offspring high quality indirect benefits. Even though females prefer to mate with orange morphs, they will still mate with yellow morphs. Yellow morph lizards give females more direct benefits like protection and small territory than indirect benefits. Meanwhile, white males are only able to mate by intruding on another male’s territory and mating with other male’s females.
- Rastko Ajtic; Wolfgang Böhme; Petros Lymberakis; Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic; Roberto Sindaco (2009). "Podarcis melisellensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- Podarcis melisellensis at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 5 April 2014.
- Arnold, Nicholas; Ovenden, Denys (2002). A field guide to the reptiles and amphibians of Britain and Europe (2nd ed.). London: HarperCollins. p. 169. ISBN 9780002199643.
- Huyghe, K.; Vanhooydonck, B.; Herrel, A.; Tadić, Z.; Van Damme, R. (2012). "Female lizards ignore the sweet scent of success: Male characteristics implicated in female mate preference". Zoology. 115 (4): 217–222. PMID 22561096. doi:10.1016/j.zool.2011.11.001.