Justice Dalveer Bhandari (in front)
|Judge of the International Court of Justice|
Assumed office |
27 April 2012
|Judge, Supreme Court of India|
28 October 2005 – 27 April 2012
|Chief Justice, Bombay High Court|
24 July 2004 – 27 October 2005
|Judge, Delhi High Court|
19 March 1991 – 23 July 2004
Early life and education
Dalveer Bhandari comes from an illustrious line of lawyers. Both his father, Mahaveer Chand Bhandari, and grandfather, B.C. Bhandari, were members of the Rajasthan bar. He acquired degrees in the humanities and law from Jodhpur University and practised in the Rajasthan High Court from 1968 to 1970. In June 1970, he was then invited to a six-week workshop organized by the University of Chicago on research on Indian law in Chicago on an international scholarship and subsequently on another international scholarship, he obtained a Masters of Law from Northwestern University School of Law. He worked at the Northwestern Legal Assistance Clinic and appeared in Chicago courts on behalf of litigants of that clinic. He also worked with the Centre for Research in Chicago. In June 1973, on an international fellowship, he visited Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and Sri Lanka on an observational-cum-lecture tour on legal aid and clinical legal educational programmes associated with the law courts and law schools. He also worked with a United Nations project called "Delay in the Administration of Criminal Justice in India."
As a lawyer
Following his return to India, he again took up a law practice in the Rajasthan High Court from 1973 to 1976. He shifted his practice to Delhi in 1977 and was a Supreme Court lawyer till his elevation to the Delhi High Court in March 1991.
As a judge
As a judge in the Delhi High Court, Bhandari also chaired the Delhi High Court Legal Services Committee, the Advisory Board of Delhi State, and the Delhi chapter of the International Law Association for a number of years. He was also the Chairperson of the Advisory Board of Delhi State on the Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Activities Act, 1974 (COFEPOSA) and the National Security Act (NSA) for a number of years.
On 25 July 2004 he gained appointment as Chief Justice of the Bombay High Court. As the Chief Justice he delivered a number of judgements in various branches of the law. His judgements and orders have led to a much larger allocation of funds for malnutrition in the five most backward districts of Maharashtra. By his judgement 100, judicial officers were appointed to deal with the cases pertaining to section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. He was instrumental in setting up mediation and conciliation centres all over the states of Maharashtra and Goa. He also organized an International Conference on Mediation and Conciliation in Mumbai. He ensured better infrastructural facilities, particularly for the subordinate judiciary in the states of Maharashtra and Goa. He also took keen interest in computerization, videoconferencing facilities, legal aid and legal literacy programmes. He was instrumental in setting up the Information Centre for Litigants in the Bombay High Court.
Just over a year later, on 28 October 2005, he was elevated to the Supreme Court of India. He has delivered a large number of judgements while exercising the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction under article 131 between the Government of India and one or more States; between the Government of India and any State or States on one side and one or more other States on the other; or between two or more States. He has also delivered a large number of judgements on comparative law, public interest litigation, constitutional law, criminal law, civil procedure code, administrative law, arbitration laws, insurance and banking and family laws. Keeping in view his landmark judgement in a divorce case, the Union of India is seriously considering his suggestion and amending the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, incorporating irretrievable breakdown of marriage as a ground for divorce. His various orders in the food-grains matter led to the release of a higher quantum of supply of food grains to the population living below the poverty line. His several orders in the night-shelter matter led to state governments making provision for night shelters for homeless people all over the country. His orders in the right to free and compulsory education for children matter led to availability of basic infrastructural amenities in primary and secondary schools all over the country.
He has also served as the chairman of the Supreme Court Legal Services Committee and was nominated as the Chairman of the Mediation and Conciliation Project Committee and was supervising mediation and conciliation programmes all over the country.
He swore in as a member of the International Court of Justice on 19 June 2012.
Bhandari is notable for his interest in computerization and intellectual property law. Also he has a history of promoting legal education, both to professionals and to the general public who might be litigants. He has established mediation and conciliation centers in Maharashtra and an information centre for litigants in the Bombay High Court.
Election to the International Court of Justice
Justice Bhandari was nominated by the Government of India as its official candidate in January 2012. The vacancy arose after the resignation of sitting Court Judge Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh from Jordan on being appointed as Prime Minister. In the elections held on 27 April 2012, Bhandari secured 122 votes in the United Nations General Assembly against 58 for his rival, Florentino Feliciano, who was nominated by the Government of the Philippines.
He was re-elected for a second term on 20 November 2017 after UK's nominee Christopher Greenwood withdrew his nomination
Awards and honours
- Conferred the degree of Doctor of Letters by Vardhaman Mahaveer Open University Kota in May 2016.
- In 2014, President of India conferred Bhandari with Padma Bhushan, third highest civilian award in India.
- Bhandari was selected by the Northwestern University School of Law, Chicago, United States, while celebrating its 150-year anniversary (1859-2009), his alma mater, as one of the 16 most illustrious and distinguished alumni.
- Conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D) by Tumkur University.
- Conferred an Honorary Doctoral Degree in International Law by The University of Cambodia
- M.N., Venkatachaliah. "M.C. Bhandari Memorial Lecture Indian Judges as Law makers: Some Glimpses of the Past". Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- Singhvi, L.M. (2002). Democracy and rule of law. New Delhi: Ocean Books. p. 229. ISBN 9788188322022.
- "Judge Dalveer Bhandari". International Court of Justice. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Hon'ble Mr. Justice Dalveer Bhandari". Supreme Court of India. Archived from the original on 19 August 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
- "Night shelter a fundamental right, says SC". Times of India. TNN. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- Venakatesan, J (26 January 2012). "Justice Bhandari is nominee for ICJ post". The Hindu. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "Dalveer Bhandari elected as World Court judge". 27 April 2012. Archived from the original on 28 April 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "Indian nominee Bhandari re-elected as ICJ judge after Britain withdraws - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- "डिग्री पाकर खिले चेहरे". Rajasthan Patrika. 14 May 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
- Kumar, Vinay (26 January 2014). "Padma Vibhushan for B.K.S. Iyengar, R.A. Mashelkar". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "NorthWestern Law University Alumni Newsletter Spring 2009" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 August 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "Honorary doctorate for six". Deccan Herald. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
- "THE CONFERMENT OF THE HONORARY DOCTORAL DEGREE ON JUSTICE DALVEER BHANDARI AND THE UC DISTINGUISHED PROFESSORSHIP IN HUMANITIES ON PROFESSOR ACHYUTA SAMANTA". The University of Cambodia. Retrieved 4 May 2018.