Dalwhinnie

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Dalwhinnie
Dalwhinnie Distillery.jpg
Dalwhinnie distillery
Dalwhinnie is located in Badenoch and Strathspey
Dalwhinnie
Dalwhinnie
Dalwhinnie shown within the Badenoch and Strathspey area
OS grid reference NN634849
Council area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Dalwhinnie
Postcode district PH19
Dialling code 015282
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°56′10″N 4°14′38″W / 56.936°N 4.244°W / 56.936; -4.244Coordinates: 56°56′10″N 4°14′38″W / 56.936°N 4.244°W / 56.936; -4.244

Dalwhinnie (/dælˈhwɪni/ dal-WHIN-ee; Scottish Gaelic: Dail Chuinnidh) "Meeting Place" is a small village in the Scottish Highlands.[1] Dalwhinnie is located at the head of Glen Truim and the north-east end of Loch Ericht, on the western edge of the Cairngorms National Park.

Location[edit]

Dalwhinnie sits at an altitude of 351 m. It is one of the coldest villages in the UK, having an average annual temperature of 6.6oC, making it suitable for winter walking and mountaineering. It is north of Drumochter, just off the A9 road from Perth to Inverness and has been bypassed since 1975. It is about 2 to 2½ hours drive from both Edinburgh and Glasgow, 25 miles from Aviemore, 13 from Newtonmore and 17 from Kingussie.Dalwhinnie railway station lies on the Highland Main Line from Perth to Inverness.

Tourism[edit]

The area is walking destination along the River Truim and in Cairngorm and Monadhliath Mountains in the Cairngorm National Park.[2]

Dalwhinnie is on the Sustrans National Cycle Route No. 7, Glasgow to Inverness. There are several cycle routes in the area including one alongside Loch Ericht.

Distillery[edit]

Diageo owns the local distillery, the highest-elevation working distillery in Scotland. Dalwhinnie Single Malt is a light, heathery whisky.

Climate[edit]

Dalwhinnie experiences a subpolar oceanic climate (Cfc) that very closely borders the oceanic climate (Cfb), however if the 0°C Isotherm is used the climate may be classed as borderline subarctic climate (Dfc) being close to a humid continental climate (Dfb). Skies is frequently overcast with cool temperatures and rainfall throughout the year. Sunshine here averages only 1032 hours, which is one of the lowest in the United Kingdom. Dalwhinnie holds the UK low temperature records for the months of June, September and October.[3] In addition it also holds Scotland's record for the lowest April daytime maximum temperature of −1.0 °C (30.2 °F) in 1975, and the record lowest October temperature for Scotland of -11.7°C.[4] For the 1951-1980 observation period it averaged a temperature of 6.3 °C (43.3 °F) compared to Braemar's 6.4 °C (43.5 °F),[5] making Dalwhinnie one of the coldest inhabited places in the British Isles. In fact, according to the 1981-2010 observation period Dalwhinnie is the coldest place in the UK below 500 metres above sea level, with a mean temperature of 6.6 °C (43.9 °F),[6] lower than its closest rivals Leadhills and Braemar which both have mean temperatures of 6.8 °C (44.2 °F) for this period. The lowest temperatures in recent years have been −15.8 °C (3.6 °F) in January 2010[7] and −16.1 °C (3.0 °F) during December 2010. Winter snowfall can be heavy, with accumulations often exceeding 30 cm.[8]

Climate data for Dalwhinnie, elevation 359m, 1951-1980 (Sunshine 1931-1960) (Extremes 1951-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
11.7
(53.1)
17.2
(63)
19.4
(66.9)
25.6
(78.1)
28.8
(83.8)
30.0
(86)
27.2
(81)
23.3
(73.9)
20.6
(69.1)
15.6
(60.1)
13.3
(55.9)
30.0
(86)
Average high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
3.4
(38.1)
6.2
(43.2)
9.3
(48.7)
12.8
(55)
15.8
(60.4)
16.7
(62.1)
16.4
(61.5)
13.7
(56.7)
9.8
(49.6)
6.2
(43.2)
4.0
(39.2)
9.8
(49.6)
Average low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.8
(33.4)
3.1
(37.6)
6.1
(43)
8.2
(46.8)
8.0
(46.4)
6.2
(43.2)
3.8
(38.8)
1.2
(34.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.7
(36.9)
Record low °C (°F) −20.6
(−5.1)
−21.7
(−7.1)
−17.8
(0)
−10
(14)
−7.2
(19)
−5.6
(21.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−2.8
(27)
−6.7
(19.9)
−11.7
(10.9)
−17.2
(1)
−17.2
(1)
−21.7
(−7.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 133
(5.24)
97
(3.82)
70
(2.76)
78
(3.07)
69
(2.72)
66
(2.6)
90
(3.54)
85
(3.35)
103
(4.06)
143
(5.63)
125
(4.92)
158
(6.22)
1,217
(47.91)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 27 51 92 118 158 150 121 115 91 61 31 17 1,032
Source #1: Globalbioclimatics/S.Rivas-Martínez [9]
Source #2: DMI/Danish Meteorology Institute - page 254 [10]


External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dalwhinnie". The Gazetteer for Scotland. School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh and The Royal Scottish Geographical Society. Retrieved 17 June 2018. 
  2. ^ "Cairngorms National Park". Cairngorms National Park Authority. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Monthly Cold records". TORRO.org. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Monthly records". UKMO. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  5. ^ "Average Temperature". Scotclim. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Dalwhinnie climate information". Met Office. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  7. ^ Rogers, Simon (7 January 2010). "Jan2010 temperature". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Dec2010 temperature". UKMO. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Temp/Rain 1901-1950". Globalbioclimatics. Apr 2012. Retrieved 24 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Sunshine 1931-1960" (PDF). DMI.DK. Apr 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2012.