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Topi (Damaliscus lunatus jimela) female.jpg
A female topi (Damaliscus lunatus jimela)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Alcelaphinae
Genus: Damaliscus
P.L. Sclater & Thomas, 1894

See text

Subspecies range map of the genus Damaliscus

Damaliscus, commonly known as tsessebes, is a genus of antelope in the family Bovidae, subfamily Alcelaphinae, found in Africa.


Listed alphabetically.[1][2]

Image and scientific name Subspecies Common name Distribution
Damaliscus lunatus.jpg
D. lunatus Burchell, 1824[3]

topi, tiang or tsessebe[4]
Angola, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and South Africa
Bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus pygargus) (32669740552).jpg
D. pygargus (Pallas, 1767)
  • D. p. phillipsi Harper, 1939blesbok
  • D. p. pygargus (Pallas, 1767)bontebok
bontebok South Africa, Lesotho and Namibia
D. hypsodon (Faith et al., 2012) Known from the Middle-Late Pleistocene of East Africa; became extinct at the onset of the Holocene due to the loss of its grassland habitat[5]
D. niro


  1. ^ Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ "Genus Damaliscus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2018-10-28.
  3. ^ a b c d East, Rod (1998). "African Antelope Database". IUCN Species Survival Commission. 21: 200–207.
  4. ^ Kingdon, J (2015-04-23). The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. pp. 428–431. ISBN 9781472921352.
  5. ^ Faith, J. Tyler; Potts, Richard; Plummer, Thomas W.; Bishop, Laura C.; Marean, Curtis W.; Tryon, Christian A. (November 2012). "New perspectives on middle Pleistocene change in the large mammal faunas of East Africa: Damaliscus hypsodon sp. nov. (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from Lainyamok, Kenya". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 361–362: 84–93. Bibcode:2012PPP...361...84F. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.08.005.
  • Stuart, Chris & Stuart, Tilde (2007). Field Guide to Mammals of Southern Africa. Fourth edition. Cape Town:Struik Publ.