Daman, Daman and Diu

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Daman
Damão
City
Daman is located in India
Daman
Daman
Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°51′E / 20.42°N 72.85°E / 20.42; 72.85Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°51′E / 20.42°N 72.85°E / 20.42; 72.85
Country  India
State Daman and Diu
District Daman
Government
 • Member of Parliament Lalubhai Patel
 • Administrator Ashish Kundra, IAS
 • District Collector Gaurav rajawat, IAS[1]
Area
 • Total 72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2011 Census)
 • Total 191,173
 • Density 2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati , English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Sex ratio 1.69 /
Website www.daman.nic.in

Daman /dəˈmɑːn/ (Damão in Portuguese), is a city and a municipal council in Daman district in the union territory of Daman & Diu, India.

Damao claud.JPG

Daman city[edit]

Daman is divided by the Daman Ganga River into two parts, namely Nani-daman (Nani meaning "small") and Moti-daman (Moti meaning "big"). Ironically, Nani-daman is the larger of the two towns. It is the downtown area that holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas. While Moti-daman is mainly the old city inhabited

History[edit]

The Portuguese Diogo de Melo arrived at the spot by chance in 1523, when heading towards Ormuz but caught in a violent storm and having his boat blown towards the coast of Daman.[2] Soon after it was settled as a Portuguese colony and remained so for over 400 years. A larger fort was built in Motidaman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived. It still stands today, most of it preserved in its original form. Today the majority of the municipal government offices are situated inside this fort.

Daman was incorporated into the Republic of India in December 1961 after a battle between the Portuguese and the Indians. The battle left 4 Indians dead and 14 wounded,[3] and 10 Portuguese dead and 2 wounded.[4]

Daman villages[edit]

There are many small villages around Daman, such as Bhenslore, Kunta, Bhimpor, Kadaiya,Devka Mangelad, Varkund and Khariwar. These villages mainly act as residential areas for lower-middle-class families.

Climate[edit]

Daman has a humid subtropical climate according to the Köppen climate classification. Temperature ranges from 23-42 in summer, 19-36 in monsoon, 15-30 in spring and autumn and 10-24 in winter.It has heavy monsoons with lots of rain. The place is best to visit in winter.


Climate data for Daman, India (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
29.9
(85.8)
32.8
(91)
34.5
(94.1)
34.9
(94.8)
33.2
(91.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
33
(91)
32.6
(90.7)
30.4
(86.7)
31.78
(89.16)
Average low °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
16.6
(61.9)
20.3
(68.5)
20.7
(69.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
25.3
(77.5)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
22.6
(72.7)
19.2
(66.6)
16.5
(61.7)
21.58
(70.85)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
324
(12.76)
766
(30.16)
473
(18.62)
288
(11.34)
44
(1.73)
6
(0.24)
2
(0.08)
1,909
(75.17)
Source: climate-data.org[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Daman District, India has a population of 191,173,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Samoa.[7] This gives it a ranking of 592nd in India (out of a total of 640).[6] The district has a population density of 2,655 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,880/sq mi) .[6] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 69.256%.[6] Daman has a sex ratio of 533 females for every 1,000 males,[6] and a literacy rate of 88.06%.[6]

Most of the population in Daman consists of skilled and educated migrant workers (from all over India) who reside in Daman for a period of around 4 to 5 years. The local population consists of mostly fishermen called Tandels in Gujarati. The major part of the population is a mixture of Hindus, Muslims and Christians, with Hindus being dominant in number. There has never been any communal violence reported in this area.

Daman is a very cool place for tourists and is very beautiful. It has a lot of things like camels, horses, small oral transport and man other things that are very attractive and fun.

Indian Coast Guard[edit]

Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman is the premier Air Station of the Coast Guard and with all the airfield facilities, Air Traffic Control and other allied Air Traffic Services. The Air Station is equipped with state of art Airport Surveillance Radar (ASR), Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI), Doppler Very High Frequency Omni directional Radio Range (DVOR) – Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) & Non Directional Beacon (NDB), as Navigational Aids. This Air Station provides ATC and parking facilities to Defence as well as civil aircraft.[8]

Schools and colleges[edit]

  • Shrinathji School, Varkund, Nani-Daman
  • Institute of our lady of Fatima, Convent, Moti Daman
  • Divya Jyoti English High & Higher Secondary School, Dabhel, Daman.
  • Divya Jyoti Hindi Medium School, Dabhel, Daman.
  • Coast Guard Public School, Nani-Daman.
  • MGM High School, Nani-Daman ( Sarvajanik High School).
  • Government Higher Secondary School, Nani-Daman.
  • Government Higher Secondary School, Moti-Daman.
  • Government Polytechnic Daman (top engineering institute)
  • Shree Machchi Mahajan English Medium School, Nani-Daman.
  • Stella Maris English Medium High School,Daman
  • Government College, Nani-Daman.
  • Government Primary School Devka Mangelwad, Nani-Daman
  • Holy Trrinity english medium high school,dunetha,daman.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.T. Administration of Daman and Diu
  2. ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh (1995). Daman and Diu. People of India XIX. Popular Prakashan. p. 3. Retrieved 2010-12-18. 
  3. ^ Anil Shorey (21 February 1999). "The Forgotten Battles of Daman and Diu". The Tribune. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Chakravorty, Dr. B.C. (2008). "Operation Vijay". Bharat Rakshak. Retrieved 12/18/2010.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Samoa 193,161 
  8. ^ http://indiancoastguard.nic.in/

External links[edit]