Daman, Daman and Diu

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Daman
Damão
City
Gateway of Moti Daman
Gateway of Moti Daman
Daman Damão is located in India
Daman Damão
Daman
Damão
Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°51′E / 20.42°N 72.85°E / 20.42; 72.85Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°51′E / 20.42°N 72.85°E / 20.42; 72.85
Country India
StateDaman and Diu
DistrictDaman
Government
 • Member of ParliamentLalubhai Patel
 • AdministratorPraful Khoda Patel, former Home Minister, Gujarat
 • District CollectorGaurav rajawat, IAS[1]
Area
 • Total72 km2 (28 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
(2011 Census)
 • Total191,173
 • Density2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati , Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Sex ratio1.69 /
Websitewww.daman.nic.in
Portuguese Daman coat of arms

Daman (/dəˈmɑːn/; Portuguese: Damão) is a city and a municipal council in Daman district in the Indian union territory of Daman and Diu.

Damao claud.JPG

Daman is divided by the Daman Ganga River into two parts — Nani-daman (nani meaning "small") and Moti-daman (moti meaning "big"). Despite its name, Nani-daman is the larger of the two parts, while the old city is mainly in Moti-Daman. The downtown area holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas.

History[edit]

The Portuguese Diogo de Melo arrived at the spot by chance in 1523, when heading towards Ormuz. He was caught in a violent storm and had his boat blown towards the coast of Daman.[2] Soon after, it was settled as a Portuguese colony which lasted for over 400 years. A larger fort was built in Motidaman in the 16th century to guard against the Mughals who ruled the area until the Portuguese arrived. It stands today, most of it preserved in its original form. Today the majority of the municipal government offices are inside the fort.

Daman was incorporated into the Republic of India in December 1961 after a battle between the Portuguese and the Indians. The battle left four Indians dead and 14 wounded;[3] Portuguese casualties were 10 dead and two wounded.[4]

Villages[edit]

There are many small villages around Daman, such as Bhenslore, Kunta, Bhimpore, Kadaiya, Devka,Mangelwad,jumpore,Dholar,Magarwada,Zari,Pariyari,Bhathaiya,Dunetha, Varkund and Khariwad. They mainly act as residential areas for lower-middle-class families.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Daman District, India has a population of 191,173,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Samoa.[6] This gives it a ranking of 592nd in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 2,655 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,880/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 69.256%.[5] Daman has a sex ratio of 533 females for every 1,000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 88.06%.[5]

Religions in Daman
Religion Percent
Hindus
89.73%
Muslims
8.41%
Buddhists
0.14%
Christians
1.37%
Jains
0.13%
Others†
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Climate[edit]

Daman has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with two distinct seasons: a hot and dry season from mid-October to May and a hot, very humid and extremely wet monsoon season from June to mid-October. Almost no rain falls during the dry season. With milder mornings and lower humidity especially up to the middle of March, this is by far the most comfortable time of the year.

The monsoon season, though relatively short, is extremely wet – although not quite wet enough to qualify as a tropical monsoon climate – with flooding occurring annually. Along with the very high humidity and heavy rain every afternoon, travel is difficult and uncomfortable.

Climate data for Daman, Daman and Diu (1961 to 1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.1
(84.4)
29.9
(85.8)
32.8
(91)
34.5
(94.1)
34.9
(94.8)
33.2
(91.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
33
(91)
32.6
(90.7)
30.4
(86.7)
31.8
(89.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.7
(60.3)
16.6
(61.9)
20.3
(68.5)
20.7
(69.3)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
25.3
(77.5)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
22.6
(72.7)
19.2
(66.6)
16.5
(61.7)
21.6
(70.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0)
0
(0)
5
(0.2)
324
(12.8)
766
(30.2)
473
(18.6)
288
(11.3)
44
(1.7)
6
(0.2)
2
(0.1)
1,909
(75.1)
Source: climate-data.org[7]

Tourism[edit]

  • Nani Daman Fort
  • Jain Temple: This 18th century Jain temple is in the northern region of Nani Daman Fort and is dedicated to Mahavir Swami. It is built with white marble and has beautiful carvings. The walls have very elegant glass cover with 18th century murals that represent the life of Mahavir Swami.[8]
  • Fort of Moti Daman (Jeronimo fort)
  • Jampore Beach
  • Devka Beach
  • Church of Bom Jesus
  • Daman Freedom Memorial

Indian Coast Guard[edit]

Daman Beach

Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman is the premier air station of the Coast Guard with all the airfield facilities, air traffic control and other allied air traffic services. It is equipped with state-of-the-art airport surveillance radar (ASR), precision approach path indicator (PAPI), Doppler very high frequency omnidirectional radio range (DVOR) – distance measuring equipment (DME) and nondirectional beacon (NDB), as navigational aids. This air station provides ATC and parking facilities to defence as well as civil aircraft.[9]

Schools and colleges[edit]

  • Institute of our lady of Fatima, Convent, Moti Daman
  • Coast Guard Public School, Nani Daman
  • Podar Jumbo Kids, Daman (preschool)
  • Sunrise Champs school, Mashal Chowk, Nani Daman
  • Vaidik Dental college campus, Salwaar, Nani Daman
  • Shrinathji School, Varkund, Nani Daman
  • Divya Jyoti English High & Higher Secondary School, Dabhel, Daman
  • Divya Jyoti Hindi Medium School, Dabhel, Daman
  • MGM High School, Nani-Daman (Sarvajanik High School)
  • Government Higher Secondary School, Nani Daman
  • Government Higher Secondary School, Moti Daman
  • Government Polytechnic Daman
  • Shree Machchi Mahajan English Medium School, Nani Daman
  • Stella Maris English Medium High School, Daman
  • AIM English School, Moti Daman
  • Government College, Nani Daman
  • Government Primary School, Devka Mangelwad, Nani Daman
  • Holy Trinity English medium high school, Dunetha, Daman
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Daman

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.T. Administration of Daman and Diu Archived 12 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Singh, Kumar Suresh (1995). Daman and Diu. People of India. XIX. Popular Prakashan. p. 3. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  3. ^ Anil Shorey (21 February 1999). "The Forgotten Battles of Daman and Diu". The Tribune. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  4. ^ Chakravorty, Dr. B.C. (2008). "Operation Vijay" Archived 31 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.. Bharat Rakshak. Retrieved 12/18/2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Samoa 193,161
  7. ^ Climate Daman
  8. ^ http://www.nrigujarati.co.in/tourism/174/Religious-Places/jain-temple-daman.html
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2012.

External links[edit]