Daman and Diu
|Daman and Diu
दमण आणि दीव
Damão e Diu
દમણ અને દીવ
|Union territory||Daman and Diu|
|Established||30 May 1987|
|• Member of Parliament||Lalubhai Patel|
|• Administrator||Ashish Kundra, IAS|
|• Total||102 km2 (39 sq mi)|
|Area rank||5th (among u.t.)|
|• Rank||6th (among union territories)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|• Official language||English,
|• Spoken languages||Portuguese
(inc. Daman Portuguese)
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-DD|
|No. of districts||2|
|Sex ratio||1.61 ♂/♀|
For over 450 years, the coastal exclaves of Daman (Portuguese: Damão) and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman, and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961 by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974.
The territory of "Goa, Daman, and Diu" was administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 650 kilometres away from each other by road.
In the 2011 census, the lowest female to male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu. The Daman district, with a female to male ratio of 533, is among the lowest of all the districts in India.
Gujarati (as spoken by the native Damaniya people), Marathi (dominating neighboring Maharashtra), English (not a colonial raj import here) and Hindi are the official languages used in the territory. English is increasingly accepted for official purposes. Warli and Agri, dialects of Konkani, are also used.
The use of Portuguese (the early colonial import) is in decline and relegated to home use or as a liturgical language as it is no longer taught in schools. It is also no longer used by the media and it is not endorsed by the government. Standard Portuguese existing in a post-creole continuum with Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10–12,000 people in Daman.
|Source:Census of India|
According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator, appointed by the President of India as an agent of the President, not a head of state/government or a governor. Previously, this post was held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, IAS officer (1990 batch). He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty. Currently, this post is held by Ashish Kundra.
- Diu District, an area of 40 km². The main settlement is the town of Diu.
- Daman District, an area of 28 sq mi or 72 km². The main settlement is the city of Daman.
Daman and Diu's gross state domestic product for 2005 was estimated at US $156 million in current prices.
In Daman the most popular schools are: Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti Daman; Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman; Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman; Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman; and other government institutions. There is also Daman College which has most of the educational facilities.
Daman and Diu are well connected by roads, and are 12 km from Vapi, 125 km from Surat, and 150 km from Mumbai. Daman isn't actually connected by railway but Vapi is, with all major cities. The nearest airport is Mumbai. Diu Airport has commercial air services, while Daman has an Indian Navy air base.
Media and communications
- Gujarat Chitra
- Deccan Chronicle
- The Times of India
- Hindustan Times
- The Hindu
- The Business Line
- The Economic Times
- The New Indian Express
- The Hans India
- Airtel, Aircel, BSNL, Idea Cellular, Reliance Mobile, Tata Docomo, Vodafone etc.
- Satellite Television:
- "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001" (PDF). Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- Notification. india.gov.in
- Daman and Diu. Tourism of India. Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
- Daman & Diu. Whereincity.com (1961-12-16). Retrieved on 2014-05-08.
- "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- "Damão, Índia". coimbra.pt (in Portuguese). Coimbra, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Coimbra. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- "Município - Cooperação externa - Diu". cm-loures.pt (in Portuguese). Loures, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Loures. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Daman and Diu.|
- Daman Administration's Official Website
- WorldStatesmen, including lists of Portuguese captains/governors of Damão and Diu