5 September 1928|
|Died||19 September 2004
|Occupation||dancer, choreographer, dance instructor|
Damayanti Joshi (5 September 1928 – 19 September 2004) was a noted Indian classical dancer in the Kathak dance form. She began in the 1930s dancing in Madame Menaka's troupe, which travelled to many parts of the world. She learnt Kathak from Sitaram Prasad of Jaipur Gharana and became an adept dancer at a very young age, and later trained under from Acchan Maharaj, Lacchu Maharaj and Shambhu Maharaj of Lucknow gharana, thus imbibing nuances from both the traditions. She became independent in the 1950s and achieved prominence in the 1960s, before turning into a guru at her dance school in Mumbai.
Early life and training
Born in a Hindi family in Mumbai in 1928, she grew up in the household of General Dr Sahib Singh Sokhey and his wife Leila Sokhey (born Roy) who became known as Madame Menaka. Manaka had lost her own child and she had decided to adopt Joshi. Joshi's mother Vatsala Joshi would not give up her daughter and they agreed to be joint guardians. In Manaka's troupe she learnt about Kathak from Pandit Sitaram Prasad as she toured in Menaka's troupe. After ten years, when she was 15 she had performed in European major cities. The Sokheys employed Damayanti's mother and Joshi received an education.
After the mid-1950s, Damayanti established herself as a successful solo Kathak dancer, taking training from Pandits, Achhan Maharaj, Lachhu Maharaj and Shambhu Maharaj of the Lucknow gharana and Guru Hiralal of the Jaipur gharana. Particularly, at Kathak Kendra, Delhi, she trained under Shambhu Maharaj. She was the first person to introduce "Saree" as a costume in Kathak dance.
She also taught Kathak at Indira Kala Vishvaidyalaya, Khairagarh, and Kathak Kendra in Lucknow. She has been honoured with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1968) and the Padma Shri (1970). She was also the guru to Bireshwar Gautam.
She has been featured in the documentary on Kathak in 1971 by Films Division, Government of India, and another film entitled "Damayanti Joshi" directed by Hukumat Sarin was made in 1973.
- Madame Menaka, by Damayanti Joshi. Sangeet Natak Akademi, 1989.
- Rediscovering India, Indian philosophy library: Kathak dance through ages, by Projesh Banerji, Damayanti Joshi. Cosmo publications, 1990.
- "Kathak FAQ: Short notes on the popular Kathak dancers". Nupur Nritya – Sangeet Academy. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010.
- Gassner, John; Edward Quinn (2002). The Reader's Encyclopedia of World Drama. Courier Dover Publications. p. 453. ISBN 0-486-42064-7.
- Kothari, Sunil (1989). Kathak, Indian classical dance art. Abhinav Publications. p. 188.
- Massey, p. 64
- Banerji, Projesh (1983). Kathak dance through ages. Humanities Press. p. 45.
- "TRIBUTE: A life of intricate rhythms". The Hindu. 18 September 2005.
- Menon, Rekha (1961). Cultural profiles, (Volume 2). Inter-National Cultural Centre,. p. 17.
- Giants Who Reawakened Indian Dance, Kusam Joshi, 2011, Hinduism Today, Retrieved 5 September 2016
- Lakshmi, C.S. (7 November 2004). "A life dedicated to dance". The Hindu.
- Lakshmi, C. S.; Roshan G. Shahani (1998). Damayanti, Menaka's daughter: a biographical note based on the Visual History Workshop, February 15, 1998 Issue 8 of Publication (SPARROW). SPARROW. p. 11.
- "Life dedicated to dance". The Hindu. 3 January 2003.
- Massey, Reginald (1999). India's kathak dance, past present, future. Abhinav Publications. p. 29. ISBN 81-7017-374-4.
- "Padma Awards". Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011.