|Prime Minister of Mongolia|
March 13, 1921 – April 16, 1921
|Preceded by||Gonchigjalzangiin Badamdorj|
|Succeeded by||Dogsomyn Bodoo|
Selenge Province, Mongolia
|Died||August 31, 1922
Dambyn Chagdarjav (Mongolian: Дамбын Чагдаржав; 1880 – August 31, 1922) was a Mongolian revolutionary figure who was one of the “first seven” founders of the Mongolian People's Party (MPP). He was named prime minister of Mongolia’s provisional government at the first MPP Congress but held the office for just over a month, from March to April 1921, before being relieved of his duties. In the spring of 1922 a power struggle led to his being accused of conspiring to overthrow the government. He was arrested and executed along with prime minister Bodoo on August 31, 1922.
Early life and career
Chagdarjav was born in 1880 in present-day Selenge Province. He was a member of the quasi-provisional government established in Khüree in 1911 as Manchu control over the country collapsed and was later appointed Minister of Finance under the Bogd Khan's first government. He took part in negotiations during the Kyakhta Conference in which Mongolia sought international recognition of its status as an independent state, but ultimately had to settle for recognition of a de facto autonomy under Chinese auspices.
Leaving government service in 1915, Chagdarjav pursued a career as a private trader traveling to Great Britain, Italy and Russia in 1916-1917.
Formation of the MPRP
In 1919 Chagdarjav joined the secret revolutionary organization at Konsulyn Denj (a.k.a. Consulate Hill) headed by Dogsomyn Bodoo in Khüree (present-day Ulaanbaatar). Together with Khorloogiin Choibalsan and Darizavyn Losol he formed the basic nucleus of the group which joined with Damdin Sükhbaatar's Züün Hüree organization in June 1920 to form the Mongolian People's Party (MPP).
Chagdrajav was one of seven revolutionaries (the famous "First Seven") chosen to travel to the USSR in June 1920 to establish contact with the Soviets. Other delegates included Soliin Danzan, Dansrabilegiin Dogsom, Damdin Sükhbaatar, Khorloogiin Choibalsan, Dogsomyn Bodoo and Darizavyn Losol. Chagdrajav and Danzan traveled together to Moscow where they met Vladimir Lenin.
Head of Provisional Government
Chagdarjav was appointed prime minister of the provisional revolutionary government established at a secret MPP meeting in the Russian-Mongolian border town of Troitskosavsk from March 1–3, 1921 (later known as the First Party Congress of the MPRP). However, just over a month later, on April 16, 1921 he was relieved of his duties and dispatched as the party's representative to Urianhay (Tuva). Bodoo then took over as both Prime Minister and Foreign Minister.
The victory of the revolution of 1921 soon led to strife within the party as various factions jockeyed for power, particularly between Soliin Danzan and Prime Minister Bodoo. In 1922 Danzan accused Bodoo, Chagdarjav and others of plotting with the charismatic independence leader Ja Lama as well as with the Chinese and Americans, to undermine the revolution and establish an autocratic government. Despite Bodoo's resignation from government on January 7, 1922, Danzan nevertheless pursued the charges. Chagdarjav, Bodoo, Da Lama, Puntsagdorj and other former ministers were arrested and interrogated by a Russian agent. Chagdarjav and Bodoo were executed on August 31, 1922. The deaths of Chagdarjav and Bodoo are generally viewed as the first in a series of political purges that would take place in Mongolia through the 1920s and 1930s.
- Baabar, B., History of Mongolia, 1999, ISBN 978-99929-0-038-3, OCLC 515691746, p. 203
- Sanders, Alan J. K., Historical Dictionary of Mongolia, 2010, ISBN 0-8108-3077-9. p. 143
- Baabar 1999, pg 198
- Baabar 1999, p. 199
- Baabar, B., 1999, pp 216
- Sanders 1996, p. 27
- Baabar 1999, p. 231
- Baabar 1999, p. 233
- Sanders 1996, p. 27
|Prime Minister of Mongolia
March 13, 1921 - April 16, 1921