Damel

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Damel was the title of the ruler (or king) of the Wolof kingdom of Cayor in what is now northwest Senegal, West Africa.

The most well-known damel is probably Lat Dior Diop (1842–1886) who died in battle during the final French drive to capture his territory,[1] which was one of the strongest areas of resistance.[2] Lat Dior is a Senegalese national hero.

The 30th and last Damel of Cayor, Samba Laobé Fall, was killed by the leader of a French delegation, Captain Spitzer, at Tivaouane, Senegal.[3]

List of damel[edit]

The following are the damel of Cayor, in order[4]

  • 1697–1719, Lat Sukabe
  • 1719–1748, Isa-Tende
  • 1748–1749, Isa Bige (1st term)
  • 1749–1757, Ma-Bathio Samb
  • 1757–1758, Birima Kodu
  • 1758–1759, Isa Bige (2nd term)
  • 1759–1760, Birima Yamb
  • 1760–1763, Isa Bige Nagone
  • 1763–1766, Jor Yasin Isa
  • 1766–1777, Kodu Kumba
  • 1777–1790, Birima Fatim-Penda
  • 1790–1809, Amari Ngone Ndèla Kumba Fal
  • 1809–1832, Biram Fatma Cub Fal
  • 1832–1855, Maysa Tènde Jor Samba Fal
  • 1855–1860, Birima Ngone Latir Fal (d. 1860)
  • 1860–1861, Ma-Kodu Kumba Yande Fal
  • 1861 May – 1861 Dec 8, Ma-Jojo Jegeñ Kodu Fal (1st term)
  • 1862 – 1864 Jan, Lat Jor Ngone Latir Jop (1st term) (b. c.1842, d. 1886)
  • 1864 Jan – 1868, Ma-Jojo Jegeñ Kodu Fal (2nd term)
  • 1871 Feb 12 – 1882, Lat Jor Ngone Latir Jop (2nd term) (s.a.)
  • 1883 Jan – 1883 Aug 28, Amari Ngone Fal
  • 1883 Aug 28 – 1886 Oct 6, Samba Laobe Fal (d. 1886)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hale, Johnson & Belcher, 1997, p. 211.
  2. ^ Harney, 2004, p. 282.
  3. ^ Crowder, 1968, p. 79.
  4. ^ World Statesmen.org list of the rulers of the precolonial kingdoms of Senegal

References[edit]

  • Crowder, Michael (1968). West Africa Under Colonial Rule. Northwestern University Press.
  • Hale, Thomas A., Johnson, John William and Belcher, Stephen Paterson (1997). Oral Epics From Africa: Vibrant Voices From A Vast Continent. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-21110-7
  • Harney, Elizabeth, (2004). In Senghor's Shadow: Art, Politics, and the Avant-garde in Senegal, 1960-1995. Duke University Press. ISBN 0-8223-3395-3

External links[edit]