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Damietta Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Mohamed Abdel Latif Mansour|
|• Total||1,029 km2 (397 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
Damietta Governorate (Egyptian Arabic: محافظة دمياط Muḥāfẓet Dumyat) is one of the governorates of Egypt. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, and has a population of over 1 million. Its capital is the city of Damietta.
Damietta (city) is famous for its guava farms, as well as the palm trees that cover the coast from Ras El Bar in the east to Gamasa in the west. The governorate exports millions of palm trees to many countries every year, including Greece and China. Damietta also produces wheat, maize, cotton, rice, potatoes, lemon, grapes and tomatoes. It is also famous for its sweet industry, sardine packing, and Domiati cheese. Ras El Bar, one of the oldest summer resorts in Egypt, is located at the point where The Nile meets the Mediterranean Sea.
2015 population estimated figures for Damietta Governorate were 38.7% urban and 1,330,843 people: 815,244 in rural areas, and 515,599 in urban areas.
The Fifth and Seventh Crusades
The European Crusaders temporarily occupied the city of Damietta for two years from 1219 to 1221, during the Fifth Crusade. During the Seventh Crusade, Baibars and the Mamluks defeated the Crusaders at Damietta.
The governorate's area is 1.029 km² or about 5% of the Delta's area, and about 1% of the area of Egypt. The inhabited area is about 589.2 km². Its population – according to a 1999 census – was 953,430. The average rate of population growth is 2.09% per year.
The governorate consists of 4 subdivisions, 10 cities, 35 local village units, 59 villages and 722 sub-villages. The subdivisons are Damietta, Faraskur, El Zarqa and Kafr Saad. The governorate includes 7 colleges and institutes, 19 professional training centers, and 657 pre-college schools.
The city of Damietta is famous of its skilled carpenters and furniture. These productions are not only sold inside of Egypt, but also in the Middle East, Europe and the USA. 80% of the governorate's income is related to furniture.
- "Mansour appoints 20 new governors". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2015" (PDF). CAPMAS. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- Damietta Governorate official website