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Damietta Governorate on the map of Egypt
|• Governor||Mohamed Abdel Latif Mansour|
|• Total||1,029 km2 (397 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
Damietta (city) is famous for its guava farms, as well as the palm trees that cover the coast from Ras El Bar in the east to Gamasa in the west. The governorate exports millions of palm trees to many countries every year, including Greece and China. Damietta also produces wheat, maize, cotton, rice, potatoes, lemon, grapes and tomatoes. It is also famous for its sweet industry, sardine packing, and Domiati cheese. Ras El Bar, one of the oldest summer resorts in Egypt, is located at the point where The Nile meets the Mediterranean Sea.
The Fifth and Seventh Crusades
The European Crusaders temporarily occupied the city of Damietta for two years from 1219 to 1221, during the Fifth Crusade. During the Seventh Crusade, Baibars and the Mamluks defeated the Crusaders at Damietta.
The governorate's area is 1.029 km² or about 5% of the Delta's area, and about 1% of the area of Egypt. The inhabited area is about 589.2 km². Its population – according to a 1999 census – was 953,430. The average rate of population growth is 2.09% per year.
The governorate consists of 4 central administrations, 10 cities, 35 local villager unit, 59 villages and 722 sub-villages. The names of the central administrations are Damietta Central (Markaz Dumyat), Faraskur Central (Markaz Faraskur), Zarqa Central (Markaz Al-Zarqa), and Kafr Saad Central (Markaz Kafr Saad). The governorate includes 7 colleges and institutes, 19 professional training centers, and 657 pre-college schools.
The city of Damietta is famous of its skilled carpenters and furniture. These productions are not only sold inside of Egypt, but also in the Middle East, Europe and the USA. 80% of the governorate's income is related to furniture.
- "Mansour appoints 20 new governors". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- Damietta Governorate official website