This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)
|Developer||John Andrews, et al.|
|OS family||Linux (Unix-like)|
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||April 13, 2005|
|Latest release||4.4.10 / November 18, 2008|
|Latest preview||4.11 Release Candidate 2 / September 26, 2012|
|Kernel type||Monolithic Linux kernel|
|License||Free software licenses|
Damn Small Linux (DSL) is a discontinued computer operating system for the x86 family of personal computers. It is free and open-source software under the terms of the GNU GPL and other free and open source licenses. It was designed to run graphical user interface applications on older PC hardware, for example, machines with 486 and early Pentium microprocessors and very little random-access memory (RAM). DSL is a Live CD with a size of 50 megabytes (MB). What originally began as an experiment to see how much software could fit in 50 MB eventually became a full Linux distribution. It can be installed on storage media with small capacities, like bootable business cards, USB flash drives, various memory cards, and Zip drives.
DSL was originally conceived and maintained by John Andrews. For five years the community included Robert Shingledecker who created the MyDSL system, DSL Control Panel and other features. After issues with the main developers, Robert was, by his account, exiled from the project. He currently continues his work on Tiny Core Linux which he created in April 2008.
DSL supports only x86 PCs. The minimum system requirements are a 486 processor and 8 MB of RAM. DSL has been demonstrated browsing the web with Dillo, running simple games and playing music on systems with a 486 processor and 16 MB of RAM. The system requirements are higher for running Mozilla Firefox and optional add-ons such as the OpenOffice.org office suite.
As of July 2014[update], version 4.4.10 of DSL, released November 18, 2008, was current. It includes the following software:
- Text editors: Beaver, Nano, Vim
- File managers: DFM, emelFM
- Graphics: mtPaint (raster graphics editor), xzgv (image viewer)
- Multimedia: gphone, XMMS with MPEG-1 and Video CD (VCD) support
- Office: Siag Office (spreadsheet program), Ted (word processor) with spell checker, Xpdf (viewer for Portable Document Format (PDF) documents)
- Web browsers: Dillo, Firefox, Netrik
- Sylpheed (E-mail client)
- naim (AOL Instant Messenger (AIM), ICQ, and IRC client)
- AxyFTP (File Transfer Protocol (FTP) client), BetaFTPD (FTP server)
- Monkey (web server)
- Server Message Block (SMB) client
- Rdesktop (Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) client, Virtual Network Computing (VNC) viewer
- Others: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) client, Secure Shell (SSH) and secure copy protocol (SCP) client and server; Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP), Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE), Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) support; FUSE, Network File System (NFS), SSH Filesystem (SSHFS) support; UnionFS; generic and Ghostscript printing support; PC card, Universal Serial Bus (USB), Wi-Fi support; calculator, games, system monitor; many command-line tools
DSL has built-in scripts to download and install Advanced Packaging Tool (APT). Once APT is enabled, a user can install packages from Debian's repositories. Also, DSL hosts software ranging from large applications like OpenOffice.org and GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), to smaller ones such as aMSN, by means of the MyDSL system, which allows convenient one-click download and installing of software. Files hosted on MyDSL are called extensions. As of June 2008, the MyDSL servers were hosting over 900 applications, plugins, and other extensions.
Boot options are also called "cheat codes" in DSL. Automatic hardware detection may fail, or the user may want to use something other than the default settings (language, keyboard, VGA, fail safe graphics, text mode...). DSL allows the user to enter one or more cheat codes at the boot prompt. If nothing is entered, DSL will boot with the default options. Cheat codes affect many auto-detection and hardware options. Many cheat codes also affect the GUI. The list of cheat codes can be seen at boot time and also at the DSL Wiki.
The MyDSL system
MyDSL is handled and maintained mostly by Robert Shingledecker and hosted by many organizations, such as ibiblio and Belgium's BELNET. There are 2 areas of MyDSL: regular and testing. The regular area contains extensions that have been proven stable enough for everyday use and is broken down into different areas such as apps, net, system, and uci (Universal Compressed ISO - Extensions in .uci format are mounted as a separate file system to minimize RAM use). The testing area is for newly submitted extensions that theoretically work well enough, but may have any number of bugs.
Versions and ports
The standard flavour of DSL is the Live CD. There are also other versions available:
- 'Frugal' installation: DSL's 'cloop' image is installed, as a single file, to a hard disk partition. This is likely more reliable and secure than a traditional hard drive installation, since the cloop image cannot be directly modified; any changes made are only stored in memory and discarded upon rebooting.
- 'dsl-version-embedded.zip': Includes QEMU for running DSL inside Windows or Linux.
- 'dsl-version-initrd.iso': Integrates the normally-separate cloop image into the initrd image; this allows network booting, using PXE. As a regular toram boot, requires at least 128mb ram.
- 'dsl-version-syslinux.iso': Boots using syslinux floppy image emulation instead of isolinux; for very old PCs that cannot boot with isolinux.
- 'dsl-version-vmx.zip': A virtual machine hard drive image that can be run in VirtualBox, VMware Workstation or VMware Player.
- DSL-N: A larger version of DSL that exceeds the 50 MB limit of business-card CDs. DSL-N uses version 2 of the GTK+ widget toolkit and version 2.6 of the Linux kernel. The latest release of DSL-N, 0.1RC4, is 95 MB in size. It is not actively maintained.
One can also boot DSL using a boot-floppy created from one of the available floppy images ('bootfloppy.img'; 'bootfloppy-grub.img'; 'bootfloppy-usb.img'; or 'pcmciabootfloppy.img') on very old computers, where the BIOS does not support the El Torito Bootable CD Specification. The DSL kernel is loaded from the floppy disk into RAM, after which the kernel runs DSL from the CD or USB drive.
Ports and derivatives
DSL was ported to the Xbox video game console as X-DSL. X-DSL requires a modified Xbox. It can run as a Live CD or be installed to the Xbox hard drive. Users have also run X-DSL from a USB flash drive, using the USB adaptor included with Phantasy Star Online, which plugs into the memory card slot and includes one USB 1.1 port. X-DSL boots into a X11-based GUI; the Xbox controller can be used to control the mouse pointer and enter text using a virtual keyboard. X-DSL has a Fluxbox desktop, with programs for E-mail, web browsing, word processing and playing music. X-DSL can be customized by downloading extensions from the same MyDSL servers as DSL.
Due to infighting among the project's originators and main developers, DSL development seemed to be at a standstill for a long time, and the future of the project was uncertain, much to the dismay of many of the users. On July 8, 2012, John Andrews (the original developer) announced that a new release was being developed. The DSL website, including the forums which were once inaccessible, were back, as well. The first RC of the new 4.11 was released on August 3, 2012, followed by a second one on September 26. The damnsmalllinux.org site was inaccessible again sometime in 2015 to February 2016. As of March 27, 2016, it was again accessible for some time, but as of February 10, 2019 was inaccessible yet again. As of 2021 it was accessible.
- Comparison of Linux distributions
- Lightweight Linux distribution
- List of Linux distributions
- List of Linux distributions that run from RAM
- Tiny Core Linux, the project Robert Shingledecker began
- Shingledecker, Robert (23 March 2009). "Interview with Robert Shingledecker, creator of Tiny Core Linux". DistroWatch Weekly (Interview). No. 295. Archived from the original on 16 February 2022. Retrieved 9 June 2022.
- "Damn Small Linux". DistroWatch. 7 February 2022. Archived from the original on 17 March 2022. Retrieved 9 June 2022.
- "Hikarunix". Assembla. n.d. Archived from the original on 17 April 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2022.
- Jean-Claude Chetrit (2005). "Hikarunix CD". Review by American Go Association. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- "UNetbootin - Homepage and Downloads".
- "DSL coming back".
- "DSL 4.11 RC1 announcement".
- "Damn Small Linux: Biz-Card Desktop OS". Project web site. Archived from the original on January 8, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
- Damn Small Linux website
- USB DSL tutorial[dead link]
- Damn Small Linux at DistroWatch
- DistroWatch interview
- Archive.org's DSL ISO Archive