Damoh

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Damoh
City
Kundalpur Under Construction Temple at Night.jpg
Bandakpur Hindu Temple.jpg
Kundalpur lake.jpg
Circuit House Gate Damoh.jpg
Rajnagar Damoh Sun.jpg
Kirti Stambh Damoh.jpg
Nohleshwar Temple, Nohta.jpg
From top, left to right:The Bade Baba Temple at Kundalpur india's cultural heritage site, Lord Shiv Temple at Bandakpur, Jain Temples near Vardhman Lake in Kundalpur, Circuit House Gate most visit place in Damoh, Rajnagar Lake Damoh lifeline of Damoh, Kirti Stambh Damoh jain historical landmark in Damoh, Nohleshwar Temple at Nohta historical architecture temple
Damoh
Damoh
Damoh
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India.
Damoh
Damoh
Damoh
Damoh (India)
Damoh
Damoh
Damoh
Damoh (Earth)
Coordinates: 23°50′N 79°27′E / 23.84°N 79.45°E / 23.84; 79.45Coordinates: 23°50′N 79°27′E / 23.84°N 79.45°E / 23.84; 79.45
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictDamoh
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyDamoh Municipal Corporation
 • MayorMrs. Malti Asati[1]
 • District MagistrateMr. S. Krishna Chaitanya[2]
 • MLAAjay Kumar Tandon[3]
 • MPPrahlad Singh Patel[4]
Area
 • Total7,306.00 km2 (2,820.86 sq mi)
Elevation
595 m (1,952 ft)
Population
 • Total126,219
 • Density148/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
470661
Telephone code07812
Vehicle registrationMP-34
Sex ratio913 /
Average Literacy Rate86.18%
Websitewww.damoh.nic.in

Damoh is a city in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

Stone Age tools have been found in Singrampur Valley and it is believed that the area has been inhabited for thousands of years.[5] Around the 5th century, it was part of the empire of Guptas of Pataliputra. This has been evidenced by plaques and coins, and monuments from the reigns of Samudragupta, Chandragupta I, and Skandgupta. From the 8th to 12th centuries, some parts of the Damoh district were in the Chedi Empire, ruled by the Kalchuri dynasty from its capital Tripuri. The temple at Nohta demonstrates Kalchuri's influence in the 10th century. Some regions of the district were under the Chandels of the Jejak-Bhukti.

The Sultans[edit]

Around the beginning of the 14th century, the administrative centre of the Chanderi province of the Khalji dynasty was moved to Damoh.

The era of Muslim rule began in the 14th century. Stone carvings at Salaiya and Batiyagarh mention Khalji and Tuglaq Sultans. The Sultan of Malwa later annexed the region.

Gond and Maratha rule[edit]

In the last quarter of the 15th century, Sangram Shah of the Gond dynasty annexed the region into his empire organized around 52 forts. This was an era of peace and prosperity for the region. In Singrampur, Rani Durgawati attained martyrdom battling against the Mughal Empire, represented by its General Asaf Khan and his army.

Bundelas entered the region for a brief time span, after which Marathas took over in 1732. Marathas remained in control until the British annexed the Marathas kingdom after the death of Peshwa in 1888. The Diwanji ki Talaiya and the Ram Mandir were constructed by the Maratha administrators.

Modern history[edit]

Damoh took part in the struggle for independence from the British. Under the leadership of Thakur Kishore Singh of Hindoria, Raja Devi Singh of Singrampur, Pancham Singh of Karijog, Gangadhar Rao, Raghunath Rao, Mejban Singh, and Govind Rao were among those who took part in the 1857 revolt.

Damoh suffered from famine in 1896-97 and 1900. By 1899 the India Midland Railway had completed the construction of Sagar–Damoh link and Damoh–Katni links. Freedom fighter Seth Govind Das was jailed in Damoh in 1923, and wrote a number of Hindi plays while imprisoned. In 1929, Acharya Shantisagar visited Damoh, the first such visit by a Digambar Muni to Damoh after several centuries.[6]

In 1933, Mahatma Gandhi visited Damoh. In 1946, Sagar University was established as the region's primary centre for higher education.

In 1947, with India's independence from British Raj, the Central Provinces were reorganized as the state of Madhya Pradesh. The town of Damoh had its first-degree college established in 1961 by Shiksha Prasar Samiti, a volunteer organization.

Geography[edit]

Damoh is located at 23°53′N 79°27′E / 23.88°N 79.45°E / 23.88; 79.45.[7] It is at an average elevation of 595 metres (1,952 ft).

According to the 2001 India census,[8] Damoh city had a population of 112,160 (total urban population is 147,661). Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Damoh had an average literacy rate of 73%, above the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 89% and female literacy was 66%. 14% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Damoh (1981–2010, extremes 1970–2011)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.3
(91.9)
37.2
(99.0)
41.0
(105.8)
45.2
(113.4)
49.8
(121.6)
46.6
(115.9)
42.6
(108.7)
38.4
(101.1)
38.2
(100.8)
39.2
(102.6)
37.0
(98.6)
32.0
(89.6)
49.8
(121.6)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 30.5
(86.9)
33.4
(92.1)
38.1
(100.6)
43.1
(109.6)
45.9
(114.6)
44.1
(111.4)
37.4
(99.3)
34.4
(93.9)
34.8
(94.6)
35.8
(96.4)
33.9
(93.0)
29.4
(84.9)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
28.9
(84.0)
33.7
(92.7)
39.1
(102.4)
42.4
(108.3)
39.3
(102.7)
32.7
(90.9)
30.8
(87.4)
31.7
(89.1)
33.1
(91.6)
30.1
(86.2)
25.9
(78.6)
32.7
(90.9)
Average low °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
22.3
(72.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
19.0
(66.2)
13.8
(56.8)
9.1
(48.4)
18.9
(66.0)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
7.2
(45.0)
11.9
(53.4)
17.1
(62.8)
22
(72)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
21.7
(71.1)
20.2
(68.4)
14.0
(57.2)
9.3
(48.7)
5.9
(42.6)
4.1
(39.4)
Record low °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
1.6
(34.9)
7.0
(44.6)
14.6
(58.3)
19.0
(66.2)
19.8
(67.6)
18.0
(64.4)
19.0
(66.2)
15.0
(59.0)
10.5
(50.9)
5.0
(41.0)
2.5
(36.5)
0.5
(32.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.6
(0.46)
17.8
(0.70)
8.4
(0.33)
3.7
(0.15)
8.6
(0.34)
119.4
(4.70)
305.4
(12.02)
435.1
(17.13)
181.4
(7.14)
32.7
(1.29)
13.8
(0.54)
7.7
(0.30)
1,145.6
(45.10)
Average rainy days 1.1 1.6 0.8 0.4 0.7 6.2 12.8 15.7 8.1 1.8 0.8 0.7 50.6
Average relative humidity (%) 67 60 48 37 38 55 79 84 81 65 60 65 61
Source: India Meteorological Department[9][10]

Administration[edit]

Damoh city has a Nagar Paliaka Parishad with the elected head Mrs. Malti Asati.[11] Tarun Rathi is the current DM & Collector for the Damoh District.[12] The current Member of Legislative Assembly from Damoh constituency is Mr. Ajay Kumar Tandon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mrs. Malti Asati News: Mayor office".
  2. ^ "Collector of Damoh 2021: Collector Site".
  3. ^ "MLA of Damoh 2021 By Election: Ajay Kumar Tandon".
  4. ^ "Member of Parliament Damoh: Prahlad Singh Patel".
  5. ^ "History | Damoh - A District of Madhya Pradesh - A City of Grace and Affection". www.damoh.nic.in. Archived from the original on 16 November 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  6. ^ Charitra Chakravarti, Divakar, Sumeruchandra, 1953, Shanti Prakashan Sivni, p. 257-258
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Damoh
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ "Station: Damoh Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 223–224. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  10. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M116. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  11. ^ Municipal Corporation President
  12. ^ collector profile

External links[edit]