|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit|
October 21, 1977 – May 1, 1995
|Appointed by||Jimmy Carter|
|Preceded by||Wade McCree|
|Succeeded by||Richard Griffin|
|Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan|
December 13, 1975 – October 21, 1977
|Preceded by||Frederick Kaess|
|Succeeded by||Cornelia Kennedy|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan|
October 12, 1967 – October 21, 1977
|Appointed by||Lyndon Johnson|
|Preceded by||Thomas Thornton|
|Succeeded by||Patricia Boyle|
|Born||Damon Jerome Keith
July 4, 1922
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Education||West Virginia State University (BA)
Howard University (JD)
Wayne State University (LLM)
Damon Jerome Keith (born July 4, 1922) is a Senior Judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
Life and career
Keith grew up in Detroit, where he graduated from Northwestern High School in 1939; Keith then moved on to West Virginia State College (B.A., 1943), Howard University School of Law (J.D., 1949), and Wayne State University Law School (LL.M., 1956). Keith married Rachel Boone in 1953 and they had three daughters. Rachel died on January 4, 2007.
In 1964 Keith was elected co-chair of the Michigan Civil Rights Commission with John Feikens and was a key player in the tumultuous times following the Detroit race riots. In 1967 Senator Philip Hart suggested Keith to President Lyndon Johnson, who nominated Keith to his seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. Keith eventually rose to Chief Judge of the District Court. In 1977 he was nominated to the Sixth Circuit by President Jimmy Carter where he has remained.
In United States v. Sinclair (1971), Keith famously ruled that Nixon's Attorney General John N. Mitchell had to disclose the transcripts of illegal wiretaps that Mitchell had authorized without first obtaining a search warrant. Keith's decision was upheld by the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit and the U.S. Supreme Court. The Supreme Court's landmark decision in United States v. U.S. District Court (1972) (also known as "the Keith case") contributed in 1978 to president Jimmy Carter signing the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). That decision is commemorated as a "Michigan Legal Milestone" called "the Uninvited Ear" and erected by the State Bar of Michigan.
In Detroit Free Press v. Ashcroft (2002), Keith, writing for a unanimous panel of the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, found that absolute closure of deportation hearings in "special interest" cases was unconstitutional. Under the authorization of Attorney General John Ashcroft, Chief Immigration Judge Michael Creppy told all immigration judges to close to the public and media all hearings associated with immigration that were thought to be related to the 11 September investigation. These cases were advised to be handled in seclusion, "closed off from the public", and were held in special interest of national security. Officials terminated public records of the case and removed them from the court's docket. This rule of closed deportation hearings became known as the "Creppy directive". Members of the press and public filed two of the cases challenging the Government's closure of removal proceedings. The plaintiffs in those cases are (1) the Detroit Free Press, Inc. and Herald Co., Inc. (d/b/a the Ann Arbor News) (the “free press plaintiffs”) and (2) the Detroit News, Inc., Congressman John Conyers, Jr., and Metro Times, Inc. (the “Detroit News plaintiffs”); the two are collectively the "newspaper plaintiffs". The third case, filed by the ACLU of Michigan representing Rabih Haddad ("Haddad"), one of the men against whom the government had instituted removal proceedings stated that Haddad, a native of Lebanon, resided in Ann Arbor, Michigan, off and on since 1988. Haddadd came to the United States in 1998 on six-month tourist visas. On December 14, 2001, the United States Immigration and Naturalization Service (“INS”) took Haddad into custody for overstaying his visa and initiated removal proceedings in Detroit before Immigration Judge Elizabeth Hacker.
Prominent past clerks
Keith has been called a father-figure to Michigan governor Jennifer Granholm. He administered the oath of office to her in both 2002 and 2006. Former law clerks also include Lani Guinier, the first African-American woman to gain tenure at Harvard Law School; Judge Eric L. Clay, who now serves with Judge Keith on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit; Ronald Machen, the current United States Attorney for the District of Columbia; David C. Simmons, the current Chief Administrative Law Judge of the District of Columbia Commission on Human Rights, professor of law at Georgetown University Law Center, and former Athletic Director of Howard University; Constance L. Rice, prominent civil rights activist and co-founder of the Advancement Project; Rashad Hussain, Deputy Associate Counsel to President Barack Obama, and the U.S. representative to the Organisation of the Islamic Conference; and Jocelyn F. Benson, Dean of Wayne State University Law School and the 2010 Democratic candidate for Michigan Secretary of State.
Keith donated his personal papers to the Walter P. Reuther Library in 1994. The materials come from milestones in his career, including his precedent-setting judicial decisions, his commitment to equality for all in the American justice system, and the many forms of recognition he received for his dedication to civil rights and Detroit.
"Walk with Me: The Trials of Damon J. Keith," an upcoming documentary directed by Jesse Nesser, tells the story of Keith's life. It is set to make its world premiere at Michael Moore's Traverse City Film Festival in 2016.
- "Damon J. Keith Collection" (PDF). Wayne State University. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Fighters for Justice: Damon J. Keith". Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- NAACP Spingarn Medal Archived 2014-05-05 at WebCite
- "Alpha Phi Alpha Politicians". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Summary Biography The Honorable Damon J. Keith". Archived from the original on July 15, 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
- "The Uninvited Ear". State Bar of Michigan. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- CASE NOTE: Detroit Free Press v. Ashcroft and North Jersey Media Group v. Ashcroft: Enduring Freedom: Can Post-September Eleventh Closure of "Special Interest" Deportation Hearings Withstand First Amendment Scrutiny? Arkansas Law Review
- Detroit Free Press v. Ashcroft
- Detroit Free Press v. Ashcroft (PDF)
- "Judge Damon J. Keith swears in Michigan's first woman governor". Jet. Johnson. 2003-01-20. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Damon J. Keith Bibliography". Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- Bronner, Ethan (1998-01-24). "Lani Guinier Joins Faculty of Law School at Harvard". New York Times. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
- "Biography of U.S. Attorney, United States Attorney's Office for the District of Columbia". Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- "David C. Simmons Faculty Profile". Retrieved 20 March 2015.
- "National Civil Rights Activist, Attorney and NPR Commentator to Speak in Detroit, Oct. 23". Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- "President Obama Announces Key Additions to the Office of the White House Counsel". Retrieved 16 August 2010.
- Wayne State University Law School Bio for Jocelyn F. Benson
- http://www.freep.com/story/entertainment/movies/2016/06/24/traverse-city-film-festival-michael-moore-july/86291162. Missing or empty
- Damon Keith at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Damon Keith Papers at the Walter P. Reuther Library
- Detroit Free Press v. Ashcroft
- Keith biography
- 2003 Rep. Conyers speech praising Keith
- Judge Damon J. Keith to Inaugurate University of Richmond Law School's Judges in Residency Program
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
|Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit