Dan II of Wallachia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Dan II
Dan al II-lea.jpg
Voivode of Wallachia
Reign 1420-1421
1421-1423
1423-1424
1426-1427
1427-1431
Predecessor Michael I
Radu II
Successor Radu II
Alexander I
Father Dan I
Mother Maria of Serbia
Died 1 June 1432

Dan II (? – June 1, 1432) was a voivode (prince) of the principality of Wallachia in the 15th Century, ruling an extraordinary five times, and succeeded four times by Radu II Chelul, his rival for the throne. Of those five periods on the throne of Wallachia (1420–1421, 1421–1423, 1423–1424, 1426–1427, and 1427–1431), four were within a period of only seven years.

Dan II first took the throne in 1420, losing it in 1421, but regaining it that same year. He was primarily able to regain the throne many times because he was an able military commander in the field. In 1423, Dan II led an army against the invading Ottoman Turks, defeating them in battle.[citation needed] The Ottomans were invading in an effort to place Radu II back on the throne. In 1425, he again defeated the Ottomans,[citation needed] winning an important victory in a battle that was the first recorded mention of Wallachia using mercenaries in their army. In that battle Dan II had employed a large number of Bulgarian soldiers. In the spring of 1427, Dan II removes Radu II from the throne for the last time, again defeating the Ottomans in battle,[citation needed] taking back the fortress at Giurgiu. In all likelihood, Dan II killed Radu II either during or after that battle, as the latter disappears from historical records afterward. However, written accounts of the time are sparse at best, and it is not known for certain. On June 3, 1428, Dan II led an army against the Ottomans at Golubac Fortress, which ended with a treaty that would allow Dan II a semi-peaceful rule until 1432.

In 1432 his country was invaded by a large Ottoman army. Dan was defeated and killed in battle. He was succeeded by Alexandru I Aldea, a son of Mircea cel Batran, who would reign until his death from illness in 1436, and with him being replaced by Vlad II Dracul, father to Vlad Tepes. Dan II's son, Basarab II, would replace Vlad Dracul's son Mircea II in 1443. However, his son lacked the military ability of his father, and would lose the throne within a year to Vlad Dracul.

Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra, an indefatigable traveler, possibly the most well-traveled prince of his time, and brother of Henry the Navigator, met with Dan II of Wallachia during Pedro's service to Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor.[1]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mihail I
Prince of Wallachia
1420–1421
Succeeded by
Radu II Chelul
Preceded by
Radu II Chelul
Prince of Wallachia
1421–1423
Succeeded by
Radu II Chelul
Preceded by
Radu II Chelul
Prince of Wallachia
1423–1424
Succeeded by
Radu II Chelul
Preceded by
Radu II Chelul
Prince of Wallachia
1426–1427
Succeeded by
Radu II Chelul
Preceded by
Radu II Chelul
Prince of Wallachia
1427–1431
Succeeded by
Alexandru I Aldea

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ de Campos, Antonio Antas. "Portuguese-Romanian ties excellent, with wide potential for improvement". wwww.nineoclock.ro: Romanian News in English. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 

External links[edit]