Dan Koehl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dan Koehl
Elephant trainer Dan Koehl elephant Bonniface Victoria Falls 2005.jpg
Dan Koehl and African savanna elephant bull "Bonniface" at Elephant Experience, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe (2005).
Dan Albert John Köhl

(1959-10-28) 28 October 1959 (age 62)
Stockholm, Sweden
OccupationElephant trainer, programmer
Known forElephant Encyclopedia, Swedish Wikipedia pioneer and first admin
Parent(s)Gösta Köhl
Margot Nordholm

Dan Albert John Koehl (born 28 October 1959) is a French-Swedish zookeeper, elephant trainer, and stablemaster.[1][2][3][4] An author of the Elephant Encyclopedia, he has been described as "one of Europe's most renowned experts on elephants".[4]

Early years[edit]

Dan Koehl with father Gösta Köhl outside Skansen Zoo, Stockholm (1964).

Dan Koehl was born 28 October 1959 in Stockholm, Sweden, the fifth child of parents Gösta Köhl (1916–1996), Swedish engineer and Margot Nordholm (1922–2006).

Koehl grew up in Mountain View, California, United States, and on Östermalm in Stockholm. A passionate zoo visitor and aquarist, he studied zookeeping at Enskede gårds gymnasium, besides higher education at Stockholm University and Calle Flygare Teaterskola. Koehl began his career in aquarium and zoo-shops, and as commissioned shepherd for the Royal Herd of Sheep at Gärdet in Stockholm. He carried out apprenticeship as elephant-keeper at Circus Scott in Stockholm under elephant trainer Banda Vidane, as mahout in Sri Lanka and India, and in traditional German elephant management at Hanover Zoo and Tierpark Hagenbeck in Hamburg, Germany, by elephant chief trainer Karl Kock.[5][6][7]

Professional career[edit]

Dan Koehl with Director Dr Helmut Pechlaner and Curator Dr Kurt Kolar at Tiergarten Schönbrunn, Austria (1998)
Dan Koehl in maharaja clothing at Cirkus Krone, Germany (2001).
Dan Koehl with elephants "Saonoi" and "Bua", donated to King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden by King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand, in Kolmården Wildlife Park (2008).

Since the late 1970s, Dan Koehl has served as head elephant keeper, stable master (Equerry) and consultant at zoos, circuses and ranches around the world. European locations have included Skansen, Cirkus Scott, Hellabrunn Zoo (Munich), Borås Wildlife Park, Tiergarten Schönbrunn, Dresden Zoo, Zoolandia. Parco Natura Viva, Kolmården Wildlife Park, Circus Krone, Tiergarten Walding, Karlsruhe Zoo and Prague Zoo. While at Skansen, pending the departure of the stable's elephants "Nika" and "Shiva" to inferior living conditions abroad, he figured in a campaign that sparked nationwide debate over "Stockholm's beloved elephants". Despite described by Cynthia Moss in Elephant Memories as "among the best-cared-for and happiest I had ever seen in captivity", after much controversy, Skansen's elephants were shipped to Cricket Park, England, only to face premature death.[8][9][10]

At Tiergarten Schönbrunn in Vienna 1998, Koehl assisted Director Dr Helmut Pechlaner in elephants retraining and staff management when the zoo was induced to establish a new team of elephant keepers, facing a critical campaign concerning its keeping of elephants. Likewise he assisted Director Dr Herbert Lücker with elephant training and staff coaching in Dresden Zoo 1999, when the zoo was under criticism by members of animal rights organisations.[11]

At Kolmården Wildlife Park, Koehl was commissioned "royal head groom" for the management of the elephants "Boa" and "Saonoi" donated to King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden by King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand.[12] Since the 1990s worldwide locations have included Elephant Experience and Sondelani Game Lodge in Zimbabwe, Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage in Sri Lanka, and Airavata Elephant Foundation and the elephant Sanctuary Kulen Elephant Forest, both latter ones in Cambodia.[13][14][15]

Dan Koehl has contributed to various animals and wildlife care and preservation foundations related especially to elephants, including Asian elephant victims of war at Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage.[16][17] and has since early nineties been a contributing Professional member to the Elephant Managers Association,[18] as Deputy of the Executive Secretary for the European Elephant Keepers and Managers Association (EEKMA) 1998–2008, he co-worked out the Elephant management safety guidelines (2002).[19][20] Koehl has served as board of director for Elefanten-Schutz Europa, as Chairperson for the Swedish organisation Defend the elephants[21] and the Swedish National Union of Aquaristic Societies (SARF),[22][23] and as Web developer created websites for enterprises like Tropicarium Kolmården,[24] and ImageWare Austria.[25]

Koehl has been residing in Phnom Penh, Cambodia since 2010.[26]

Research career[edit]

Parallel to lecturing in zoology, Dan Koehl has been documenting research about elephants, creating the website Elephant Encyclopedia and the Elephant Listserver (elephant-@listserver.wineasy.se),[27] both in 1995 as a collaboration with the Elephant Research Foundation and its founder Jeheskel Shoshani,[28] who assisted in creating a FAQ-section and zoological research at the website Elephant Encyclopedia.

Elephant Encyclopedia[edit]

The website Elephant Encyclopedia has been online since 1995.[29] Since 2006, it comprises the world's largest research database on individual elephants (and possibly on individual animals from a single species overall).[29][30] Cited by journalists, organisations and in scientific works,[31][32] it has notably figured in regard to elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus and to evolution of cancer suppression.[33][34][35][36][37]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Moss, Cynthia (17 December 1991). "Elephant memories". www.elephant.se. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  2. ^ "Elephant Keeper". September 23, 2008.
  3. ^ "Kulen Elephant Forest". www.kulenforest.asia.
  4. ^ a b "Kungens elefantskötare ska rädda Sambo". www.expressen.se.
  5. ^ Menon, Ramesh (4 October 2013) [15 February 1990]. "Trichur springs to life with majestic elephants in their caparisoned glory". India Today.
  6. ^ Kanalen i Österåker och Vaxholm 3 October 2018
  7. ^ Kanalen i Österåker och Vaxholm 18 October 2018 - http://www.e-magin.se/paper/c5xn5n9z/paper/18#/paper/c5xn5n9z/18 (in Swedish)
  8. ^ "Attendant On Hunger Strike In Zoo, Demands Better Conditions For Animals". AP NEWS.
  9. ^ Sotarna (2014) by Ian Wachtmeister, p. 115-119 <https://www.bokus.com/bok/9789187769030/sotarna/>
  10. ^ Nordqvist, Anders (October 23, 2015). "Skansen-elefanterna engagerade hela Sverige". SVT Nyheter – via www.svt.se.
  11. ^ "Elephant Consultance references". www.elephant.se.
  12. ^ "En ny elefant-kung". www.expressen.se.
  13. ^ "Pěticípé hvězdy na pozadí". Zoo Praha.
  14. ^ "Un Cambodge sans éléphants ? – Airavata Cambodia".
  15. ^ Rethea, Pann. "The foundation aiming to preserve the Kingdom's elephant heritage | Phnom Penh Post". www.phnompenhpost.com.
  16. ^ "Project "Lucky Sama" in Pinnawela, Sri Lanka: About the three legged elephant Sama". walter-kilian.de.
  17. ^ "Elefant på Ljusterö torg | LjusteröPortalen". www.ljustero.se.
  18. ^ Koehl, Dan. "Elephant Managers Association 2019 Annual report" (PDF). Elephant Managers Association (EMA). Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  19. ^ "EEKMA Board". February 4, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-02-04.
  21. ^ Koehl, Dan. "Dan Koehl's Blog 2016". Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  22. ^ Koehl, Dan. "Sveriges Akvarieföreningars Riksförbund SARF". Sveriges Akvarieföreningars Riksförbund (SARF). Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  23. ^ "Remissvar: Underlag för genomförande av EU-förordning om invasiva främmande arter" (PDF).
  24. ^ Koehl, Dan. "Tropicarium Kolmarden". Sveriges Akvarieföreningars Riksförbund (SARF). Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  25. ^ "ImageWare Austria". ImageWare Austria GmbH. Archived from the original on 28 November 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  26. ^ "LinkedIn: Dan Koehl".
  27. ^ "About This Journal | Elephant: The Publication of the Elephant Interest Group | Open Access Journals | Wayne State University". digitalcommons.wayne.edu.
  28. ^ "Elephant Listserver".
  29. ^ a b "The elephant database". www.elephant.se.
  30. ^ "5 542". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). January 2, 2010.
  31. ^ Saragusty, J.; Hermes, R.; Göritz, F.; Schmitt, D. L.; Hildebrandt, T. B. (2009). "Fecundity and population viability in female zoo elephants: Problems and possible solutions". Animal Reproduction Science. 115 (1–4): 247–54. doi:10.1016/j.anireprosci.2008.10.019. PMID 19058933. Retrieved 2020-04-12 – via Researchgate.net.
  32. ^ Dale, Robert H. I. (2009). "Birth statistics for African (Loxodonta africana) and Asian (Elephas maximus) elephants in human care: history and implications for elephant welfare". Zoo Biology. 29 (2): 87–103. doi:10.1002/zoo.20234. PMID 20391462. S2CID 6074352 – via Semantic Scholar.
  33. ^ Van Den Doel, P. B.; Prieto, V. R.; Van Rossum-Fikkert, S. E.; Schaftenaar, W.; Latimer, E.; Howard, L.; Chapman, S.; Masters, N.; Osterhaus, A. D.; Ling, P. D.; Dastjerdi, A.; Martina, B. (2015). "Europe PMC". BMC Veterinary Research. 11: 203. doi:10.1186/s12917-015-0522-6. PMC 4535388. PMID 26268467.
  34. ^ Caulin, Aleah (July 1, 2014). "Peto's Paradox and the Evolution of CancerSuppression". repository.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  35. ^ Dale, Robert H. I. (2010). "Birth statistics for African ( Loxodonta africana ) and Asian ( Elephas maximus ) elephants in human care: history and implications for elephant welfare". Zoo Biology. 29 (2): 87–103. doi:10.1002/zoo.20234. PMID 20391462 – via academia.edu.
  36. ^ staff, Seattle Times (December 1, 2012). "How we did it". The Seattle Times.
  37. ^ "GAJAH" (PDF). asesg.org. 2003. Retrieved 2020-04-12.

External links[edit]