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Carver Dana Andrews
January 1, 1909
Near Collins, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||December 17, 1992 (aged 83)|
Los Alamitos, California, U.S.
(m. 1932; died 1935)
(m. 1939; his death 1992)
|Relatives||Steve Forrest (brother)|
|15th President of the Screen Actors Guild|
8 August 1963 – 3 June 1965
|Preceded by||George Chandler|
|Succeeded by||Charlton Heston|
Carver Dana Andrews (January 1, 1909 – December 17, 1992) was an American film actor and a major Hollywood star during the 1940s. He continued acting in less prestigious roles into the 1980s. He is remembered for his roles as a police detective-lieutenant in the film noir Laura (1944) and as war veteran Fred Derry in The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), the latter being the role for which he received the most critical praise.
Andrews was born on a farmstead near Collins in southern Mississippi in Covington County, the third of 13 children of Charles Forrest Andrews, a Baptist minister, and his wife, the former Annis Speed. The family relocated subsequently to Huntsville in Walker County, Texas, the birthplace of his younger siblings, including future Hollywood actor Steve Forrest.
Andrews attended college at Sam Houston State University in Huntsville and studied business administration in Houston. During 1931, he traveled to Los Angeles, California, to pursue opportunities as a singer. He worked in various jobs, such as working at a gas station in the nearby community of Van Nuys. To help Andrews study music at night, "The station owners stepped in ... with a deal: $50 a week for full-time study, in exchange for a five-year share of possible later earnings."
He was in Sailor's Lady (1940), developed by Goldwyn but sold to Fox. Andrews was loaned to Edward Small to appear in Kit Carson (1940), before Goldwyn used him for the first time in a Goldwyn production: William Wyler's The Westerner (1940), featuring Gary Cooper.
20th Century Fox
Fox liked Andrews and since Goldwyn did not make films very often, he agreed to share his contract with Andrews with that studio. Andrews had support parts in Fox films Tobacco Road (1941), directed by John Ford; Belle Starr (1941), with Gene Tierney, billed third; and Swamp Water (1941), directed by Jean Renoir.
Back at Fox, Andrews was given his first lead, in the B-movie Berlin Correspondent (1942). He was second lead to Tyrone Power in Crash Dive (1943) and then appeared in the 1943 film adaptation of The Ox-Bow Incident with Henry Fonda, in a role often cited as one of his best in which he played a lynching victim.
Andrews then went back to Goldwyn for The North Star (1943), directed by Lewis Milestone. He worked on a government propaganda film December 7th: The Movie (1943), then was used by Goldwyn again in Up in Arms (1944), supporting Danny Kaye.
He co-featured with Jeanne Crain in the movie musical State Fair (1945), a huge hit, and was reunited with Preminger for Fallen Angel (1945). In 1946, he co-featured with Susan Hayward in an excellent western, Canyon Passage, directed by Jacques Tourneur.
Andrews's second film with William Wyler, also for Goldwyn, was his most successful: The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), both a popular and a critical success (#37 in the 2007 AFI Top 100 films of all time) and became the role for which Andrews is best known.
Andrews starred in the anti-communist The Iron Curtain (1948), reuniting him with Gene Tierney, then Deep Waters (1948). He made a comedy for Lewis Milestone at Enterprise Pictures, No Minor Vices (1948), then went to England for Britannia Mews (1949).
He played a brutal police officer in Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950), also with Tierney and Preminger. Around this time, alcoholism began to damage Andrews's career, and on two occasions it nearly cost him his life as he drove a car.
Edge of Doom (1950) for Goldwyn was a flop. He went to RKO to make Sealed Cargo (1951) which was the only film he made with his brother, Steve Forrest. ( In interview on TCM - Steve Forrest stated he and his brother never got to act together; 2019.) At Fox, he was in The Frogmen (1951). Goldwyn cast him in I Want You (1951), an unsuccessful attempt to repeat the success of The Best Years of Our Lives.
From 1952 to 1954, Andrews was featured in the radio series, I Was a Communist for the FBI, about the experiences of Matt Cvetic, an FBI informant who infiltrated the Communist Party of the United States of America.
Decline as star
Andrews's film career struggled in the 1950s. Assignment: Paris (1952) was not widely seen. He did Elephant Walk (1954) in Ceylon, a film better known for Vivien Leigh's nervous breakdown and replacement by Elizabeth Taylor. Duel in the Jungle (1954) was an adventure tale; Three Hours to Kill (1954) and Smoke Signal (1955) were Westerns; Strange Lady in Town (1955) was a Greer Garson vehicle; Comanche (1956), another Western.
By the middle 1950s, Andrews was acting almost exclusively in B-movies. However, his acting in two movies for Fritz Lang during 1956, While The City Sleeps and Beyond A Reasonable Doubt, and two for Jacques Tourneur, Curse of the Demon (1957) and The Fearmakers (1958), is well regarded. Around this time he also appeared in Spring Reunion (1957), Zero Hour! (1957), and Enchanted Island (1958).
In 1952, Andrews toured with his wife, Mary Todd, in The Glass Menagerie, and in 1958, he replaced Henry Fonda (his former co-star in The Oxbow Incident and Daisy Kenyon) on Broadway in Two for the Seesaw.
Andrews began appearing on television on such shows as Playhouse 90 ("Right Hand Man", "Alas, Babylon"), General Electric Theatre, The Barbara Stanwyck Show, Checkmate, The DuPont Show of the Week, The Twilight Zone ("No Time Like the Past"), The Dick Powell Theatre, Alcoa Premiere, Ben Casey, and Theatre of Stars.
In 1963, he was elected president of the Screen Actors Guild.
In 1965, Andrews resumed film work with The Satan Bug and In Harm's Way, playing supporting roles in both. He also had the lead in Crack in the World (1965), Brainstorm (1965), and Town Tamer (1965). However, he was cast increasingly in supporting roles: Berlin, Appointment for the Spies (1965), The Loved One (1965), Battle of the Bulge (1965), and Johnny Reno (1966).
Andrews still played leads in low-budget films like The Frozen Dead (1966), The Cobra (1967) and Hot Rods to Hell (1967). By this time, Andrews had evolved into a character actor, as in "The 1000 Carat Diamond" (1967), "No Diamonds for Ursula" (1967), and The Devil's Brigade (1968).
Andrews spent the 1970s in supporting Hollywood roles such as The Failing of Raymond (1971), Innocent Bystanders (1972), Airport 1975 (1974), A Shadow in the Streets (1975), The First 36 Hours of Dr. Durant (1975), Take a Hard Ride (1975), The Last Tycoon (1976), The Last Hurrah (1977), and Good Guys Wear Black (1978)
Andrews married Janet Murray on December 31, 1932. Murray died in 1935 as result of pneumonia. Their son, David (1933–1964), was a musician and composer who died from a cerebral hemorrhage. On November 17, 1939, Andrews married actress Mary Todd, by whom he had three children: Katharine, Stephen, and Susan. For two decades, the family lived in Toluca Lake, California.
Andrews eventually controlled his alcoholism and worked actively with the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. During 1972, he appeared in a television public service advertisement concerning the subject.
On December 17, 1992, 15 days before his 84th birthday, Andrews died of congestive heart failure and pneumonia. His wife died in 2003 at the age of 86.
- Lucky Cisco Kid (1940, movie debut) as Sergeant Dunn
- Sailor's Lady (1940) as Scrappy Wilson
- Kit Carson (1940) as Captain John C. Fremont
- The Westerner (1940) as Sergeant Dunn
- Tobacco Road (1941) as Captain Tim
- Belle Starr (1941) as Maj. Thomas Crail
- Swamp Water (1941) as Ben
- Ball of Fire (1941) as Joe Lilac
- Berlin Correspondent (1942) as Bill Roberts
- Crash Dive (1943) as Lt. Cmdr. Dewey Connors
- The Ox-Bow Incident (1943) as Donald Martin
- The North Star (1943) as Kolya Simonov
- December 7th (1943) as Ghost of US Sailor Killed at Pearl Harbor
- Up in Arms (1944) as Joe
- The Purple Heart (1944) as Capt. Harvey Ross
- Wing and a Prayer (1944) as Lt. Cmdr. Edward Moulton
- Laura (1944) as Det. Lt. Mark McPherson
- State Fair (1945) as Pat Gilbert
- Fallen Angel (1945) as Eric Stanton
- A Walk in the Sun (1945) as Sgt. Bill Tyne
- Canyon Passage (1946) as Logan Stuart
- The Best Years of Our Lives (1946) as Fred Derry
- Boomerang (1947) as State's Atty. Henry L. Harvey
- Night Song (1947) as Dan
- Daisy Kenyon (1947) as Dan O'Mara
- The Iron Curtain (1948) as Igor Gouzenko
- Deep Waters (1948) as Hod Stillwell
- No Minor Vices (1948) as Perry Ashwell
- The Forbidden Street (1949) as Henry Lambert / Gilbert Lauderdale
- Sword in the Desert (1949) as Mike Dillon
- My Foolish Heart (1949) as Walt Dreiser
- Where the Sidewalk Ends (1950) as Det. Mark Dixon
- Edge of Doom (1950) as Father Thomas Roth
- Sealed Cargo (1951) as Pat Bannon
- The Frogmen (1951) as Jake Flannigan
- I Want You (1951) as Martin Greer
- Assignment – Paris! (1952) as Jimmy Race
- Elephant Walk (1954) as Dick Carver
- Duel in the Jungle (1954) as Scott Walters
- Three Hours to Kill (1954) as Jim Guthrie
- Smoke Signal (1955) as Brett Halliday
- Strange Lady in Town (1955) as Dr. Rourke O'Brien
- Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Goes a Fishin' (1956 short) as Himself
- Comanche (1956) as Jim Read
- While the City Sleeps (1956) as Edward Mobley
- Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (1956) as Tom Garrett
- Spring Reunion (1957) as Fred Davis
- Night of the Demon (1957) as John Holden
- Zero Hour! (1957) as Lt. Ted Stryker
- The Fearmakers (1958) as Alan Eaton
- Enchanted Island (1958) as Abner "Ab" Bedford
- The Crowded Sky (1960) as Dick Barnett.
- Madison Avenue (1961) as Clint Lorimer
- The Satan Bug (1965) as Gen. Williams
- In Harm's Way (1965) as Admiral Broderick
- Crack in the World (1965) as Dr. Stephen Sorenson
- Brainstorm (1965) as Cort Benson
- Town Tamer (1965) as Tom Rosser
- Berlin, Appointment for the Spies (1965) as Col. Lancaster
- The Loved One (1965) as Gen. Buck Brinkman
- Battle of the Bulge (1965) as Col. Pritchard
- Johnny Reno (1966) as Johnny Reno
- The Frozen Dead (1966) as Dr. Norberg
- Hot Rods to Hell (1967) as Tom Phillips
- Supercolpo da 7 miliardi (The Ten Million Dollar Grab) (1967) as George Kimmins
- The Cobra (1967) as Capt. Kelly
- I diamanti che nessuno voleva rubare (No Diamonds for Ursula) (1967) as Il gioielliere
- The Devil's Brigade (1968) as Brig. Gen. Walter Naylor
- The Failing of Raymond (1971, TV Movie) as Allan McDonald
- Innocent Bystanders (1972) as Blake
- Airport 1975 (1974) as Scott Freeman
- A Shadow in the Streets (1975, TV Movie) as Len Raeburn
- The First 36 Hours of Dr. Durant (1975, TV Movie) as Dr. Hutchins
- Take a Hard Ride (1975) as Morgan
- The Last Tycoon (1976) as Red Ridingwood
- The Last Hurrah (1977, TV Movie) as Roger Shanley
- Good Guys Wear Black (1978) as Edgar Harolds
- Born Again (1978) as Tom Phillips
- A Tree, a Rock, a Cloud (1978, Short)
- The Pilot (1980) as Randolph Evers
- Ike: The War Years (1980, TV Movie) as General George C. Marshall
- Prince Jack (1985) as The Cardinal (final film role)
Partial television credits
- The Twilight Zone: "No Time Like the Past" (1963) as Paul Driscoll.
- Family Affair: "Wings Of An Angel" (1969) as Harv Mullen.
- Night Gallery: "The Different Ones" (1971) as Paul Koch.
- The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries: "Assault on the Tower" (1978) as Townley.
- The Love Boat: "Command Performance/Hyde and Seek/Sketchy Love" (1982) as Mr. Paul Gerber.
- Falcon Crest: "The Candidate" (1982), "Deliberate Disclosure" (1983) as Elliot McKay.
|1948||Lux Radio Theatre||"The Luck of the Irish"|
|1952–1954||I Was a Communist for the FBI||Various episodes|
|1952||Hallmark Playhouse||"The Secret Road"|
|1953||Theater of Stars||"The Token"|
- Severo, Richard (December 19, 1992). "Dana Andrews, Film Actor of 40's, Is Dead at 83". The New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- "Dana Andrews". Find a Grave. June 12, 2002.
- Coons, Robbin (September 27, 1940). "Hollywood Sights And Sounds". Big Spring Daily Herald. p. 7. Retrieved June 15, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Coons, Robbin (August 8, 1941). "Dana Andrews Has Makings Of Stardom". Big Spring Daily Herald. p. 2. Retrieved June 15, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Dana Andrews Dies; Actor Was a Success but Not a Star". Los Angeles Times. December 18, 1992. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
- Bass, Milton R. (August 16, 1977). "The Lively World". The Berkshire Eagle. p. 6. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Coe, Richard L. (January 3, 1948). "Bing's Lucky Number: Pa Crosby Dons 4th B.O. Crown". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- Scott, Vernon (May 6, 1971). "Ann Jeffreys Happy in 'Bright Promise'". Schenectady Gazette. United Press International. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- "Command Performance/Hyde and Seek/Sketchy Love". IMDb. The Love Boat. Retrieved August 19, 2018.
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
- "Dana Andrews". I Was a Communist for the F.B.I.
- "I Was a Communist For The FBI". Modesto Radio Museum.
- Kirby, Walter (November 30, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". Decatur Daily Review. p. 48. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (March 15, 1953). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". Decatur Daily Review. p. 46. Retrieved June 25, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
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