Dana Biosphere Reserve

Coordinates: 30°41′15″N 35°34′21″E / 30.68750°N 35.57250°E / 30.68750; 35.57250
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dana Biosphere Reserve
Dana Reserve landscape
Map showing the location of Dana Biosphere Reserve
Map showing the location of Dana Biosphere Reserve
Nearest cityTafilah
Coordinates30°41′15″N 35°34′21″E / 30.68750°N 35.57250°E / 30.68750; 35.57250
Governing bodyRoyal Society for the Conservation of Nature
Dana Reserve landscape
Dana Reserve landscape
Rummana Campsite

The Dana Biosphere Reserve (Arabic: محمية ضانا للمحيط الحيوي) is Jordan's largest nature reserve,[1] located in south-central Jordan. Dana Biosphere Reserve was founded in 1989[1] in the area in and around the Dana village and Wadi Dana comprising 308 square kilometres (119 sq mi).[2]

Human presence[edit]

The people of the Ata'ta (or Al Atata In Arabic (العطاعطة أو العطاطة)) tribe are the native inhabitants[2] of Dana Biosphere Reserve. Their history in Dana dates 400 years, with human settlement in the area dating back more than 6000 years.[2] Besides the presence of the Ata'ta people, archeological discoveries suggest Palaeolithic, Egyptian, Nabataean, and Roman settlement in Dana.[2]


Visitors to Dana Nature Reserve and Dana village can stay at Dana Cooperative Hotel and other accommodations.[2]


Dana Biosphere Reserve drops from an altitude of 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) on the Qadisiyah plateau to the low-lying desert area of Wadi Araba.[1] The varied geology of Dana contains limestone, sandstone, and granite. The area of Wadi Dana features wind-cut sandstone cliffs. Dana is the only nature reserve in Jordan that crosses four bio-geographical zones; Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian, Saharo-Arabian, and Sudanian penetration.[1]


Dana's unique landscape is formed by an outcrop (exposed bedrock) of fluvial sandstone, dating back to the Paleozoic and Lower Cretaceous. It is also covered by shallow marine carbonate rocks from the Upper Cretaceous and the Tertiary period. The area around Dana is further characterized by a horst, the Dana Horst, formed by two faults running from east to west, which are the Salawan Fault and the Dana Fault. The horst contains Precambrian granitoids and volcanic rocks in contact with Cretaceous[clarification needed] rocks. The origin of this basaltic formation is believed to be from two distinct volcanic eruptions: the first dating back to somewhere between the Miocene and Pleistocene, while the second is a highly recent eruption of the nearby Jabal al-Qadisiyah.[3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The diverse environment of Dana is home to 703 plant species, 215 species of birds, and 38 species of mammals.[2]


Dana is the most diverse area of plant life in the country, consisting of numerous vegetation types including: Phoenician juniper, evergreen oak, sand dunes, acacia, and rocky sudanian.[1] Dana is the southernmost area in the world to host the Mediterranean cypress, Cupressus sempervirens. Of the hundreds of plants species inhabiting Dana, three can be found nowhere else in the world.[which?] Many plants, especially trees and shrubs, grow in the highlands of the nature reserve.[1]

Endangered species[edit]

The threatened Nubian ibex, Syrian serin, caracal, and lesser kestrel are natives of Wadi Dana and plans to save the species were put forth by Global Environment Fund in 1994. Additionally, the largest breeding colony of the Syrian serin is in Dana Nature Reserve. Threats to the animals include hunting.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Dana Biosphere". Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, 2008. Archived from the original on 2020-04-25. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Jordan Eco & Nature. Jordan Tourism Board, 2006.
  3. ^ Moumani, Khaled; Abed, ِ Abdulkader M.; Ibrahim, Khalil M. (2011). Geology of Jordan- Field Guidebook (2nd ed.). Jordanian Geologists Association. p. 29.

External links[edit]