Dana Biosphere Reserve
|Dana Biosphere Reserve|
|Governing body||Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature|
Dana Biosphere Reserve is Jordan's largest nature reserve, located in south-central Jordan. Dana Biosphere Reserve was founded in 1989 in the area in and around the Dana village and Wadi Dana comprising 308 square kilometres (119 sq mi).
The people of the Ata'ta (or Al Atata) tribe are the native inhabitants of Dana Biosphere Reserve. Their history in Dana dates 400 years, with human settlement in the area dating back more than 6000 years. Besides the presence of the Ata'ta people, archeological discoveries suggest Palaeolithic, Egyptian, Nabataean, and Roman settlement in Dana.
Visitors to Dana Nature Reserve and Dana village can stay at Dana Cooperative Hotel and other accommodations.
Dana Biosphere Reserve drops from an altitude of 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) on the Qadisiyah plateau to the low-lying desert area of Wadi Araba. The varied geology of Dana contains limestone, sandstone, and granite. The area of Wadi Dana features wind-cut sandstone cliffs. Dana is the only nature reserve in Jordan that crosses four bio-geographical zones; Mediterranean, Irano-Turanian, Saharo-Arabian, and Sudanian penetration.
Dana's unique landscape is formed by an outcrop (exposed bedrock) of fluvial sandstone, dating back to the Paleozoic and Lower Cretaceous. It is also covered by shallow marine carbonate rocks from the Upper Cretaceous and Tertiary period. The area around Dana is further characterized by a horst (called the Dana Horst) formed by two faults running from East to West, which are the Salawan fault and the Dana fault. The Horst contains Precambrian Granitoids and volcanic rocks in contact with Cretaceous rocks. The origin of this basaltic formation is believed to be from two distinct volcanic eruptions: the first dating back to somewhere between the Miocene and Pleistocene, while the second is a highly recent eruption of the nearby Jabal Al-Qadisyah.
Flora and fauna
Dana is the most diverse area of plant life in the country, consisting of numerous vegetation types including: Phoenician juniper, evergreen oak, sand dunes, acacia, and rocky sudanian. Dana is the southernmost area in the world to host the Mediterranean cypress, Cupressus sempervirens. Of the hundreds of plants species inhabiting Dana, three can be found nowhere else in the world.[which?] Many plants, especially trees and shrubs, grow in the highlands of the nature reserve.
The threatened Nubian ibex, Syrian serin, caracal, and lesser kestrel are natives of Wadi Dana and plans to save the species were put forth by Global Environment Fund in 1994. Additionally, the largest breeding colony of the Syrian serin is in Dana Nature Reserve. Threats to the animals include hunting.
- "Dana Biosphere". Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
- Jordan Eco & Nature. Jordan Tourism Board, 2006.
- Moumani, Khaled; Abed, ِAbdulkader M.; Ibrahim, Khalil M. (2011). Geology of Jordan- Field Guidebook (Second ed.). Jordanian Geologists Association. p. 29.
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