Dana Bourgeois (born 1953) is a luthier, writer, lecturer and is considered one of the United States' top acoustic guitar makers. Bourgeois's innovations in design and voicing techniques have earned him worldwide acclaim for his acoustic guitars from professional players, hobbyists and collectors alike. Some notable musicians playing Bourgeois guitars include Ricky Skaggs, Bryan Smith, Ry Cooder, Scott Fore, Bryan Sutton, Vince Gill, Lee Roy Parnell, James Taylor and Guy Clark,
|Alma mater||Bowdoin College|
While at college, Bourgeois read a book called Classic Guitar Construction by Irving Stone, whose method in the book was, purportedly, "totally impossible." After that, Bourgeois, working from his room on campus and using a machine shop owned by his grandfather, made a guitar of his own. His father helped with the wood working.
In 1986, Bourgeois teamed up with guitarist Eric Schoenberg and established Schoenberg Guitars. The company manufactured flattop acoustic guitars. Bourgeois stayed with the company several years.
Bourgeois started his own company, Bourgeois Guitars, which opened in 1993 and was located at Roy Continental Mill in Lewiston, Maine. His use of premium materials, such as Brazilian rosewood, Adirondack Spruce and Indian Rosewood, as well as his ability to "voice" his instruments earned Bourgeois a reputation within the music world as an expert luthier. Using a tapping method, he fine tunes individual pieces at key times throughout the manufacturing process. This high-quality sound distinguished Bourgeois from other luthiers and began attracting the attention of top musicians.
In 1996, Bryan Sutton, then guitarist in Ricky Skaggs' band, purchased a Bourgeois guitar in Nashville music store. A year later, at the Thomas Point Beach Bluegrass Festival in Brunswick, ME, Sutton contacted Bourgeois to set up a meeting. "This guy calls me and says he's playing in Maine," Bourgeois told Ray Routhier of the Portland Press Herald, "so I figure it could be anybody. But then he says he plays with Ricky Skaggs." The meeting resulted in an endorsement deal, a collaboration with Skaggs', to make and sell the Ricky Skaggs Signature Model and Ricky Skaggs Country Boy Model guitars.
"At a casual glance, making guitars seems glamorous, but really we're just making sawdust," Bourgeois said, "But when we build one for a famous person, it's something everyone gets excited about."
In 1999, Bourgeois signed a distribution deal with Akai, a Japanese music and electronics company. With 16 employees and the prospect of growing his business internationally, Bourgeois expected to grow his business further. For a time, Akai marketed the Bourgeois Artisan Series guitars: the DR-A dreadnought and JR-A jumbo orchestra model. Along with the two guitars for international distribution, Bourgeois also made Martin Simpson and Ricky Skaggs signature guitars, though in limited editions. However, the distributor stopped ordering new guitars, leaving Bourgeois without the backing necessary to meet operating expenses. Despite attempts to find new investors and to sell directly to his customers online, Bourgeois was forced to liquidate the business, filing bankruptcy and auctioning off the guitar-making equipment.
After Bourgeois Guitars closed its doors, guitar hobbyist, collector and investment banker Patrick Theimer approached Bourgeois with another business venture. With Theimer, three other investors, and Bourgeois, who would oversee guitar production, Pantheon Guitars was formed in 2000. The business model employed at Pantheon allowed Bourgeois to focus on making the guitars he was known for while sharing marketing and manufacturing resources with other independent luthiers. Bourgeois continues to offer custom-designed guitars, including the BK/Slope D, which earned an Editor's Pick Award from Guitar Player Magazine. Among Bourgeois' current offerings are also guitars (his Aged Tone Series) made with a wood-aging process called torrefaction. While not "vintage", these guitars tend to replicate the look and sound of quality of instruments that are older, more "broken in". He commemorated the building of his 5,000th guitar with the Bourgeois Victoria that was described in an Acoustic Guitar Magazine article as a "one-of-a-kind, sub-parlor-size custom 12-fret instrument inspired by American guitars made during the Victorian era (1837-1901), matched with a period-style wooden 'coffin' case."
He also spends time training luthiers to carry on the trade.
Festivals, Memberships, Awards
- Member of the Guild of American Luthiers
- Grand prize winners of the New England Flatpicking and Banjo Championships held at the Ossify Valley Bluegrass Festival in South Hiram, Maine have been awarded Bourgeois guitars and banjos.
- Editor's Pick Award for the Bourgeois BK/Slope D guitar
- Voicing the Steel String Guitar" (from a lecture given at the Guild of American Luthiers Convention, 1990)
- Tapping Tonewoods: How the selection of species helps define the sound of your guitar (Acoustic Guitar Magazine, March/April 1994)
- Finishing Touches (Guitar Player, December 2004)
- Still Voicing, Still Dreaming (American Lutherie, Spring 2000)
- Play It Again! How Bryan Sutton's legendary "Banjo Killer" dreadnought was restored after being damaged by the Nashville flood of 2010. (Acoustic Guitar, March 2013)
- Routhier, Ray (April 26, 1999). "Top picking guitar maker Dana Bourgeois is making a name for himself with some pretty big-name musicians". Portland Press Herald. Portland, Maine. p. 1.C.
- McCarty, David (March 2014). "Bourgeois Guitars: What the top guitarists pick". Bluegrass Unlimited: 32–35.
- Ellis, Andy (June 1999). "Acoustic guitars: high tech meets tradition". Guitar Player. NewBay Media LLC. 33 (6): 74.
- Thompson, Art (August 2013). "Ten high-end acoustics". Guitar Player. NewBay Media LLC. 47 (8): 58.
- "Dana Bourgeois '75 Guitar Maker". Bowdoin Magazine. 72 (2). Winter 2001. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Bourgeois Guitars' Aged Tone Series". MMR: 36–40. February 2013.
- Waterman, Amy (November 18, 2012). "Bourgeois Guitars makes works of art that make music". McClatchy-Tribune Business News. Washington, D.C.
- "Enter on the upbeat; After emerging from bankruptcy, Dana Bourgeois has regrouped in an innovative new business that frees him to focus on what he's famous for: crafting exquisite guitars". Portland Press Herald (Final edition). Portland, Maine. October 7, 2001. p. 1F.
- Gerken, Teja (December 2004). "Bourgeois Guitars". Acoustic Guitar: 95–97.
- Young, Doug (July 2012). "Bourgeois Custom Soloist Review". Acoustic Guitar. Archived from the original on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Blackett, Matt (March 2010). "Keith Sewall". Guitar Player. NewBay Media LLC. 44 (3): 60.
- "Two guitar makers join to introduce new line". Portland Press Herald. Portland, Maine. December 18, 2001. p. 2C.
- Hunter, Dave (August 2013). "Bourgeois BK/Slope D". Guitar Player. 47 (8): 60.
- Perlmutter, Adam (September 2014). "Everything new is old again". Acoustic Guitar: 53–56.
- Gerken, Teja (March 2010). "Victorian Beauty: Celebrating 35 years as a guitar maker, Dana Bourgeois built a sub-parlor-size gem for his 5,000th instrument". Acoustic Guitar: 68–69.
- Routhier, Ray (July 25, 2004). "Pickers' paradise; The Ossipee Valley Bluegrass Festival boasts some pretty big names. It also attracts scores of 'field pickers,' who just come to jam the night away". Portland Press Herald (Final Edition). p. E1. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Bourgeois, Dana (June 26, 2014). "Voicing The Steel String Guitar". Bourgeois Guitars. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- Bourgeois, Dana (March–April 1994). "Tapping Tonewoods: How the selection of species helps define the sound of your guitar". Acoustic Guitar Magazine.
- Bourgeois, Dana (December 2004). "Finishing Touches". Guitar Player. NewBay Media LLC. 38 (12): S96.
- Bourgeois, Dana (June 26, 2014). "Still Voicing, Still Dreaming". Bourgeois Guitars. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
- Bourgeois, Dana (March 2013). "Play It Again! How Bryan Sutton's legendary "Banjo Killer" dreadnought was restored after being damaged by the Nashville flood of 2010". Acoustic Guitar. Retrieved 5 May 2015.