Dana Point, California

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City of Dana Point
General law city[1]
Aerial view of Dana Point
Aerial view of Dana Point
Official seal of City of Dana Point
Seal
Motto: "Harboring the Good Life"
Location of Dana Point within Orange County, California.
Location of Dana Point within Orange County, California.
City of Dana Point is located in USA
City of Dana Point
City of Dana Point
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°28′2″N 117°41′53″W / 33.46722°N 117.69806°W / 33.46722; -117.69806Coordinates: 33°28′2″N 117°41′53″W / 33.46722°N 117.69806°W / 33.46722; -117.69806
Country United States
State California
County Orange
Incorporated January 1, 1989[2]
Named for Richard Henry Dana, Jr.[1]
Government
 • Type Council-Manager[1]
 • Mayor Carlos N. Olvera[3]
Area[4]
 • Total 29.484 sq mi (76.364 km2)
 • Land 6.497 sq mi (16.828 km2)
 • Water 22.987 sq mi (59.536 km2)  77.96%
Elevation[5] 144 ft (44 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)[6]
 • Total 33,351
 • Estimate (2013)[6] 34,062
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (440/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92624, 92629
Area code(s) 949
FIPS code 06-17946
GNIS feature IDs 1656474, 2410293
Website www.danapoint.org
Reference no. 189[7]

Dana Point is a city located in southern Orange County, California. The population was 33,351 at the 2010 census. It has one of the few harbors along the Orange County coast, and with ready access via State Route 1, it is a popular local destination for surfing.

The city was named after the headland of Dana Point, which was in turn named after Richard Henry Dana, Jr., author of Two Years Before the Mast, which included a description of the area. Dana described the locale, including neighboring San Juan Capistrano, as "the only romantic spot on the coast".[8] Although Dana described the anchorage as poor, it is now a developed harbor and contains a replica of his ship, the Pilgrim. The Pilgrim is used as a classroom by the Ocean Institute, which is located at the harbor. This area is designated California Historical Landmark #189.[7]

History[edit]

The headlands and pier at Dana Point, ca. 1925, prior to construction of the harbor

Dana Point was a popular port for ships involved with the hide trade with nearby Mission San Juan Capistrano. Trading reached its peak in the 1830s and 1840s. In 1818, Argentine sailor Hippolyte de Bouchard anchored there while conducting his raid on the mission. Richard Henry Dana then visited the area in 1835 while serving aboard the sailing brig Pilgrim on her voyage along the California coastline.[7]

In 1923, Los Angeles Times publisher Harry Chandler and General M. H. Sherman, director of the Pacific Electric Railway Company, created a major real estate group to develop what is known today as the Hollywood Hills. Sidney H. Woodruff, already a prominent Los Angeles homebuilder, was hired to lead the project.

In 1926, Woodruff, Chandler, and Sherman created the Dana Point Syndicate. They invited other investors, company presidents, movie producers, and real estate investors to join them in purchasing 1,388 acres (5.6 km2) of land, some of which includes the "Headlands" of today. Promising tree-lined and paved streets, electricity, telephones, sidewalks, water mains, storm drains, sewers, and other amenities, Woodruff built 35 homes and a number of commercial buildings.

Most of these "Woodruff" houses are concentrated in the Dana Point historic core, also called Lantern Village (currently about 12,000 residents). The streets are named after different colored lanterns—Street of the Violet Lantern, Blue Lantern, etc.—because colored lanterns were used by ships 200 years ago to advertise their fares when in the Dana Point natural harbor.[citation needed] His crowning structure was to be the Dana Point Inn, a Mediterranean-like resort hotel on the cliffs overlooking the harbor. After a celebratory groundbreaking in 1930, a three-story foundation was poured and a 135-foot (41 m) shaft was dug for an elevator to transport hotel guests to and from the beach. The economic downturn of the Great Depression caused construction to halt, however. Although Woodruff continuously sought financial support through the years, this project was abandoned in 1939. Subsequently, he sold the remaining holdings of the Dana Point Syndicate. Thirty-four of the original Woodruff residences are still occupied.

Dana Point Harbor[edit]

View of Dana Point Harbor with the ship "Spirit of Dana Point" berthed at the Ocean Institute in the foreground.

The harbor, built in the 1960s and dedicated on July 31, 1971,[9] is home to a marina, shops, and restaurants, and it is a point of departure for the Catalina Express, a transportation service to and from the City of Avalon on Catalina Island. The entire harbor of Dana Point, including the Embarcadero Marina shops and restaurants are set for complete demolition and redevelopment. The current vintage nautical style is being abandoned for a Tech Minimalist concept using metal roofs as well as Minimalist landscaping.[10]

Strands[edit]

The Strands is a luxury housing development built on an old public beach and surfer spot next to the Salt Creek and the Ritz Carlton. Lots are rectangular with modern houses commonly priced above $10,000,000..[11] The development has made it slightly more difficult for surfers to access the water, but there has been no noticeable decrease in the surfing population.

Capistrano Beach[edit]

Surfers during the Summer at Doheny State Beach.

In 1928, a corporate entity of the American industrial giant Edward Doheny, who had built his fortune in oil production in Southern California and Mexico, purchased a number of lots in Capistrano Beach. Doheny's son, Ned, formed a development company, the Capistrano Beach Company, which included his wife's twin brothers, Clark and Warren Smith, and Luther Eldridge, a contractor, to build a community of Spanish style houses. According to Dana Point historians Baum and Burnes,* Eldridge favored two dominant characteristics in his homes, a typically Spanish roof line and the use of large ceiling beams in the main rooms of the houses. The roofline, covered with red ceramic tiles, incorporated a low-pitched gable, spreading out to one short and one long roof. The ceiling beams were decorated with stenciled artwork painted by artist Alex Meston. Eldridge was able to complete the original Doheny family house on the bluffs, four houses on the beach, and 18 other homes scattered throughout the area before tragedy struck the ambitious project. Edward Doheny was preparing for his criminal trial for bribery in the Teapot Dome Scandal, and on February 16, 1929, Ned Doheny and, Hugh Plunkett, his friend and secretary, who were to testify in the trial, were killed in a murder that still remains unsolved. In 1931, as a memorial to Ned, Petroleum Securities Company, Doheny's family-owned business, made a gift of 41.4 acres (168,000 m2) to the State of California, which is now Doheny State Beach. The unimproved Capistrano Beach properties passed back to Edward Doheny, and, upon his death in 1935, to his wife and heirs. By 1944, all of the properties had been sold to private parties.

The Doheny family also funded the building of the what was then called St. Edward's Chapel in Capistrano Beach. The chapel soon grew, received canonical status as a parish, and moved to its current bluff-top location in Dana Point, overlooking Doheny State Beach.

Surfing[edit]

Richard Henry Dana (the author of "Two Years Before the Mast") considered the high bluffs and sheltered coves of this area of Southern California to be the most beautiful spot on the California coast. Pioneering surfers agreed, as they surfed the many beach breaks along the coast. Dana Point had a notable surfing history, and was home to many of the first companies that produced products for surfing. Hobie Alter opened the world's first retail surf shop in Dana Point in 1954. Many surf publications such as the Surfer's Journal and Surfer Magazine were formed and headquartered in Dana Point. Bruce Brown produced the iconic surfer film Endless Summer in Dana Point.

"Killer Dana" was a legendary surf break off Dana Point. The surf break was notorious because it came out of deep water and broke close to the rocks that lined the beach. The Killer Dana wave was destroyed when the Dana Point Harbor was built in 1966.[12] A breakwater now cuts right through the heart of the once epic surf spot. In 1997, the surf group The Chantays recorded an instrumental track named "Killer Dana".

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.5 square miles (76 km2). 6.5 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 23.0 square miles (60 km2) of it (77.96%) is water.

The Dana Point headlands are a prominent feature in Orange County geography and after years of controversy,[13] are currently being developed as a 118-house gated community, however 68 acres (280,000 m2) of the site is open to the public and features a nature center and walking trails exhibiting "lost" plants of the Southern California coast. Views on a clear day extend to Catalina Island and La Jolla in San Diego county. link Dana Point Headlands

Dana Point harbor as seen from the end of Blue Lantern Street

Climate[edit]

Dana Point Beach in the winter

Dana Point enjoys a mild climate where temperatures tend to average around the 70s. The warmest month of the year is August with an average temperature of 79 °F (26 °C). The coldest month is December with an average minimum temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit.[citation needed]

Marine life[edit]

One of the very few known specimens of the megamouth shark was caught off Dana Point in 1990.[citation needed]. Visitors can visit the Ocean Institute at the harbor below the point and the tidal pools located nearby for a closeup view of marine life during low tide. With the kelp beds located just offshore, Dana Point is a popular destination for snorkelers, fisherman, and spear fishers.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 1,186
1970 4,745 300.1%
1980 10,602 123.4%
1990 31,896 200.8%
2000 35,110 10.1%
2010 33,351 −5.0%
Est. 2014 34,116 [14] 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[16] reported that Dana Point had a population of 33,351. The population density was 1,131.1 people per square mile (436.7/km²). The racial makeup of Dana Point was 28,701 (86.1%) White (76.4% Non-Hispanic White),[17] 294 (0.9%) African American, 229 (0.7%) Native American, 1,064 (3.2%) Asian, 37 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,952 (5.9%) from other races, and 1,074 (3.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,662 persons (17.0%).

The Census reported that 33,110 people (99.3% of the population) lived in households, 160 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 81 (0.2%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,182 households, out of which 3,459 (24.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,902 (48.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,232 (8.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 645 (4.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 780 (5.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 137 (1.0%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,012 households (28.3%) were made up of individuals and 1,406 (9.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33. There were 8,779 families (61.9% of all households); the average family size was 2.85.

The population was spread out with 5,959 people (17.9%) under the age of 18, 2,522 people (7.6%) aged 18 to 24, 8,261 people (24.8%) aged 25 to 44, 10,927 people (32.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 5,682 people (17.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.8 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

There were 15,938 housing units at an average density of 540.6 per square mile (208.7/km²), of which 8,314 (58.6%) were owner-occupied, and 5,868 (41.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.0%. 19,419 people (58.2% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 13,691 people (41.1%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Dana Point had a median household income of $80,938, with 8.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[17]

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000,[18] there were 35,110 people, 14,456 households, and 9,280 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,290.1 inhabitants per square mile (2,041.6/km²). There were 15,682 housing units at an average density of 2,362.8 per square mile (911.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.25% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.57% Native American, 2.52% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 5.92% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. 15.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,456 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.6% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $63,043, and the median income for a family was $73,373 (these figures had risen to $81,665 and $97,826 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[19]). Males had a median income of $52,159 versus $38,902 for females. The per capita income for the city was $37,938. About 3.4% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010 Dana Point had a population of 33,351. The median age was 44.8 years. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 76.4% non-Hispanic white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic of some other race, 3.2% reporting two or more races and 17.0% Hispanic or Latino. Mexicans made up 13.2% of the population.[20]

Annual cultural events[edit]

Silhouetted ships during the Festival of Tall Ships in 2011.

Dana Point has held a Festival of Whales since 1972. This celebration is held over two weekends in March.[21]

The Tall Ships Festival is held in September. It is considered the largest annual gathering of its kind on the West Coast of the United States.[22]

Dana Point has hosted the Dana Point Concours d'Elegance since 2008. The event is located on the Monarch Beach Golf Links and supports various charities.

The Dana Point Grand Prix is an annual criterium bike race overlooking Dana Point Harbor. The course winds its way through downtown Dana Point into Heritage Park and the adjoining residential community with ocean views for participants and spectators before finishing on a long straightaway on PCH. [2]

The Dana Point Chamber of Commerce hosts the annual Turkey Trot, which includes a 5K, 10K and Kids’ Gobble Wobble race for ages 5–12, which was voted as a top destination for Thanksgiving by Fodor's Magazine. This event attracts more than 10,000 runners throughout the country and another 5,000 family and friends.

The Dana Point Symphony [3] presents classical music concerts with a 50-piece orchestra and local and international soloists.

Government[edit]

Dana Point is a general law city governed as a council-manager form of government.[23]

The city council has five council members, who are elected at-large by registered voters of the city. Council members each serve four-year staggered terms. Dana Point has a two-term-limit for elected officials. Annually, the city council appoints a mayor and a mayor pro tem from its own membership to serve a one year term. The mayor presides over city council meetings, represents the city council at various business and ceremonial events, and executes all city ordinances, resolutions, and contracts. The mayor pro tem performs these duties in the absence of the mayor. As a legislative body, the city council is responsible for the enactment of local laws (ordinances), the adoption of the annual city budget and capital improvement program, and the review and adoption of proposed policies, agreements, contracts, and other city business items.

The 2014 city council roster is as follows:[3]

  • Carlos N. Olvera, mayor
  • John Tomlinson, mayor pro tem
  • Joe Muller, council member
  • Richard A. Viczorek, council member
  • Scott Schoeffel, council member

State and federal representation[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Dana Point is in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Patricia Bates, and in the 73rd Assembly District, represented by Republican Bill Brough.[24]

In the United States House of Representatives, Dana Point is in California's 49th congressional district, represented by Republican Darrell Issa.[25]

Education[edit]

The city is served by Capistrano Unified School District. It includes Dana Hills High School, one of the oldest high schools in the area, which opened in 1972.The cross country program at Dana Hills High School won California state titles in 1988, 2007, 2008, and 2009.

Emergency services[edit]

Fire protection in Dana Point is provided by the Orange County Fire Authority with ambulance service by Doctor's Ambulance. Law enforcement is provided by the Orange County Sheriff's Department. Year round marine safety services are provided by (U.S. Ocean Safety Lifeguards) now called O C lifeguards on the beautiful county beaches and California state lifeguards on the state beaches.

Media[edit]

Dana Point is served by two newspapers, the Dana Point News (owned by the Orange County Register) and the Dana Point Times. Both papers run once weekly.

The Laguna Niguel-Dana Point Patch is an online-only news website that also serves Dana Point along with its neighbor, Laguna Niguel.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "About Us". City of Dana Point. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (WORD). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "City Council". City of Dana Point. Retrieved December 15, 2014. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. 
  5. ^ "Dana Point". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Dana Point (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c "Dana Point". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  8. ^ Dana, Jr., Richard Henry (1912). Two Years Before the Mast. D. Appleton. p. 147. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 
  9. ^ Connelly, Laylan (February 22, 2015). "Dana Point Harbor: The Bay That Never Sleeps". The Orange County Register. p. News 1, 6-7. 
  10. ^ Dana Point Harbor official website. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ "A history of Killer Dana". 
  13. ^ http://www.surfingthemag.com/news/surfing-pulse/strands-061305-dana-point/[dead link] surfingthemag.com
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  16. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Dana Point city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0617946.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ American FactFinder
  20. ^ Census General Population and Housing Characteristics report for Dana Point, 2010
  21. ^ Daines, Chris (March 3, 2009). "Festival of Whales coasts into Dana Point". The Orange County Register. Retrieved March 6, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Tall Ships Festival". The Orange County Register. September 5, 2008. pp. Show 1. 
  23. ^ "City Government". City of Dana Point. Retrieved 16 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  25. ^ "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 

External links[edit]

External images
Photo of Dana Point before the boat harbor

Archival collections[edit]

Other[edit]