Inhabitants of Danan herding cattle
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Danan (Somali: Dhanaan) is a town in the eastern part of Ethiopia known as the Ogaden. Located in the Gode Zone of the Somali Region (or kilil), and it is located the main road between Gode and Kebri Dahar (Qabridahare) the nearest towns with electricity. This town has a latitude and longitude of .
Danan has a camp for refugees and internally displaced persons. The Ogaden region is populated mostly by ethnic Somalis and has been devastated by drought, famine and an armed separatist movement. Temperatures in Danan soar daily to well over 110 degrees creating some of the most unbearable living conditions in all of Africa. The Danan Project, the only humanitarian organization in the town, was founded to provide qualified medical care to the people of Danan. Its hospital is the only free acute medical care in the Ogaden region which is populated by 5 million people.
Danan fell to the Italians in January, 1936 as part of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. As part of the reprisals for the attempted assassination of General Rodolfo Graziani (19 February 1937), it was used as a prison camp for hundreds of people arrested as part of the reprisals. While Ethiopian sources state of 6500 internees held there 3175 died, contemporary Italian reports claim that much fewer were ill and only a handful died. Alberto Sbacchi concludes from these conflicting reports that while "the occurrence of illness and death is difficult to determine, but we can assume that many suffered and died. Graziani's order to supply them with only enough food to live strongly suggests it, as do the conditions under which the Ethiopians were confined. Poor facilities, including latrines, the humid climate, malaria, stomach infections, and venereal disease took many lives, especially among those compelled to work on the irrigation canal or on the banana and sugar-cane plantation."
Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, Danan has an estimated total population of 10,494, of whom 5,918 are men and 4,576 are women. The 1997 census reported this town had a total population of 7,030 of whom 3,910 were men and 3,120 women. The largest ethnic group reported in this town was the Somali (99.96%). It is the largest settlement in Danan woreda.
- "ERA building asphalt roads with 600mln birr in Somali State" (Walta Information Center, accessed 13 December 2007)
- Anthony Mockler, Haile Selassie's War (New York: Olive Branch, 2003), p. 127
- Mockler, Haile Selassie's War, p. 177
- Sbacchi, "Italy and the Treatment of the Ethiopian Aristocracy, 1937-1940", International Journal of African Historical Studies, 10 (1977), p. 217
- "Senior ONLF leader Killed" (accessed 27 January 2009)
- CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4
- 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Somali Region, Vol. 1 Tables 2.4, 2.13 (accessed 10 January 2009). The results of the 1994 census in the Somali Region were not satisfactory, so the census was repeated in 1997.