Danaus melanippus

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Black veined tiger
Danaus melanippus.JPG
White Tiger Butterfly.jpg
Butterfly Garden in Science City Kolkata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Danaini
Genus: Danaus
Species: D. melanippus
Binomial name
Danaus melanippus
(Cramer, [1777])

See text

The black veined tiger, white tiger, common tiger, or eastern common tiger (Danaus melanippus) is a butterfly species found in tropical Asia which belongs to the "crows and tigers", that is, the danaine group of the brush-footed butterflies family.

It ranges from Assam in eastern India through Southeast Asia south to Indonesia, and eastwards to the Philippines and through southern China to Taiwan.[1][2] It has around 17 subspecies, and its closest relative is the Malay tiger, Danaus affinis.[2]


Listed alphabetically.[3]

  • D. m. celebensis (Staudinger, 1889) – N.Sulawesi
  • D. m. edmondii (Bougainville, 1837) – Philippines
  • D. m. edwardi (van Eecke, 1914) – Simeulue
  • D. m. eurydice (Butler, 1884) – Nias
  • D. m. haruhasa Doherty, 1891 – Sumbawa - Alor
  • D. m. hegesippus (Cramer, [1777]) – Peninsular Malaya, Langkawi, Singapore, Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung
  • D. m. indicus (Fruhstorfer, 1899) – E.India - Thailand, Indo-China
  • D. m. keteus (Hagen, 1898) – Mentawai
  • D. m. kotoshonis Matsumura, 1929 – Taiwan
  • D. m. lotina (Fruhstorfer, 1904) – Natuna Is.
  • D. m. lotis (Cramer, [1779])
  • D. m. melanippus (Cramer]], [1777]) – Java
  • D. m. meridionigra Martin, [1914] – C.Sulawesi
  • D. m. nesippus (Felder, 1862) – Nicobars
  • D. m. pietersi (Doherty, 1891) – Enggano
  • D. m. umbrosus Fruhstorfer, 1906 – Pualu Tello

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Evans, W.H. (1932). The Identification of Indian Butterflies (2nd edition). Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.
  2. ^ a b Smith, David A. S.; Lushai, Gugs & Allen, John A. (2005). A classification of Danaus butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based upon data from morphology and DNA. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 144(2): 191–212. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2005.00169.x (HTML abstract)
  3. ^ Danaus melanippus, funet.fi
  • Gaonkar, Harish (1996). Butterflies of the Western Ghats, India (including Sri Lanka) - A Biodiversity Assessment of a threatened mountain system. Centre for Ecological Sciences, IISc, Bangalore, India & Natural History Museum, London, UK.
  • Gay, Thomas; Kehimkar, Isaac & Punetha, J.C. (1992). Common Butterflies of India. WWF-India and Oxford University Press, Mumbai, India.
  • Haribal, Meena (1994). The Butterflies of Sikkim Himalaya and their Natural History. Sikkim Nature Conservation Foundation, Gangtok, India.
  • Kunte, Krushnamegh (2005). India - A Lifescape: Butterflies of Peninsular India. Universities Press, Hyderabad, India. ISBN 81-7371-354-5
  • Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of the Indian Region. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.

External links[edit]