Dance (Matisse)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dance
Matissedance.jpg
ArtistHenri Matisse
Year1910
MediumOil on canvas
Dimensions260 cm × 391 cm (102.4 in × 153.9 in)
LocationThe Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Dance (La Danse) is a painting made by Henri Matisse in 1910, at the request of Russian businessman and art collector Sergei Shchukin, who bequeathed the large decorative panel to the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The composition of dancing figures is commonly recognized as "a key point of (Matisse's) career and in the development of modern painting".[1]. A preliminary version of the work, sketched by Matisse in 1909 as a study for the work, resides at MoMA in New York City, where it’s been labeled Dance (I).

Dance (I)[edit]

Dance (I)
La danse (I) by Matisse.jpg
ArtistHenri Matisse
Year1909
MediumOil on canvas
Dimensions259.7 cm × 390.1 cm (102.2 in × 153.6 in)
LocationMuseum of Modern Art, New York City

In March 1909, Matisse painted a preliminary version of this work, known as Dance (I).[2] It was a compositional study and uses paler colors and less detail.[3] The painting was highly regarded by the artist who once called it "the overpowering climax of luminosity"; it is also featured in the background of Matisse's La Danse with Nasturtiums (1912).

It was donated by Nelson A. Rockefeller in honor of Alfred H. Barr, Jr. to the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

Dance[edit]

Dance is a large decorative panel, painted with a companion piece, Music, specifically for the Russian businessman and art collector Sergei Shchukin, with whom Matisse had a long association. Until the October Revolution of 1917, this painting hung together with Music on the staircase of Shchukin's Moscow mansion.[4]

The painting shows five dancing figures, painted in a strong red, set against a very simplified green landscape and deep blue sky. It reflects Matisse's incipient fascination with primitive art, and uses a classic Fauvist color palette: the intense warm colors against the cool blue-green background and the rhythmical succession of dancing nudes convey the feelings of emotional liberation and hedonism. The painting is often associated with the "Dance of the Young Girls" from Igor Stravinsky's famous musical work The Rite of Spring. The composition or arrangement of dancing figures is reminiscent of Blake's watercolour "Oberon, Titania and Puck with fairies dancing" from 1786[5].

Dance is commonly recognized as "a key point of (Matisse's) career and in the development of modern painting".[6] It resides in the Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. It was loaned to Hermitage Amsterdam for a period of six weeks from April 1 to May 9, 2010.[7]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Russell T. Clement. Four French Symbolists. Greenwood Press, 1996. Page 114.
  2. ^ John Elderfield. Henri Matisse: A Retrospective. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1992. Page 181.
  3. ^ MoMA.org - Dance (I)
  4. ^ State Hermitage Museum - Dance[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ http://www.william-blake.org/Oberon,-Titania-and-Puck-with-Fairies-Dancing.html
  6. ^ Russell T. Clement. Four French Symbolists. Greenwood Press, 1996. Page 114.
  7. ^ Hermitage.nl - De Dans Archived 2010-04-04 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]