Dance in Israel

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Israeli folk dancing on the Jewish holiday of Shavuot at Kibbutz Gan-Shmuel

Dance in Israel incorporates a wide variety of dance styles, from traditional Israeli folk dancing to ballet, modern dance, ballroom dancing and flamenco.

Contemporary dance in Israel has won international acclaim. Israeli choreographers, among them Ohad Naharin and Barak Marshall are considered among the most versatile and original international creators working today.[1]

People come from all over Israel and many other nations for the annual dance festival in Karmiel, held in July. First held in 1987, the Karmiel Dance Festival is the largest celebration of dance in Israel, featuring three or four days and nights of dancing with 5,000 or more dancers and a quarter of a million spectators in the capital of the Galilee.[2][3] Begun as an Israeli folk dance event, the festivities now include performances, workshops, and open dance sessions for a variety of dance forms and nationalities.[4] Choreographer Yonatan Karmon created the Karmiel Dance Festival to continue the tradition of Gurit Kadman's Dalia Festival of Israeli dance, which ended in the 1960s.[5][6]

Famous companies and choreographers from all over the world have come to Israel to perform and give master classes. In July 2010, Mikhail Baryshnikov came to perform in Israel.[7]

Folk dancing[edit]

Karmiel Dance Festival, 2011
Israeli Defense Force Soldiers dance the Israeli Dabka on the streets of Israel
Israeli soldiers dancing the Hora in 1948.

Israeli folk dancing includes folk dances such as the Hora and dances that incorporate the Yemenite step. Israeli folk dance also includes Dabke which is a Middle Eastern dance of the Levant region (Israel, Lebanon, Syria) and is a common dance done by mainly the Arab population of Israel however is a most popular dance among Israeli youth. In Hebrew Dabke is known as דבקה "Dabka" which comes from the Arabic term meaning "stomping of feet". The Dance is well suited for bringing Israel-Arab culture together.[8][9]

Contemporary dance[edit]

One of the pioneers of modern dance in Israel was Gertrud Kraus, who immigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1935 and formed a modern dance company affiliated with the Tel-Aviv Folk Opera.[10] In 1950-1951, she founded the Israel Ballet Theatre, and became its artistic director.[10] Contemporary dance in Israel is influenced by Israeli folk dance and European traditions. Dance companies include the Kibbutz Contemporary Dance Company, Inbal Dance Theater, Vertigo Dance Company, Bat-Dor Dance Company and Batsheva Dance Company.

Flamenco[edit]

In 2010, Silvia Duran, an Israeli flamenco dancer, was honored by King Juan Carlos I of Spain for training generations of flamenco dancers at her studio in Tel Aviv, The citation was awarded for her "contribution to the culture of Spain and the Spanish people.[11]

Dance festivals[edit]

The Karmiel Dance Festival has been a yearly event since 1987. The festival is usually held for 3 days and nights in July, and includes dance performances, workshops, and open dance sessions.[12] The festival began as a celebration of Israeli folk dance, but today it features many different dance troupes, attracting thousands of dancers and hundreds of thousands of spectators from Israel and overseas.[13] During the festival there are two major competitions: the Eyal ben Yehoshua choreography competition and a folk dance competition in memory of dancer Asheri Hever.[14]

Dance companies[edit]

Israeli choreographer and dancer Inbal Pinto

The Batsheva Dance Company is an internationally acclaimed dance company based in Tel Aviv.[15] It was founded by Martha Graham and Baroness Batsheva De Rothschild in 1964. From its inception until 1979, the prima ballerina of Batsheva was Rina Schenfeld; she and Rena Gluck were the company's principal dancers for many years.[16] Ohad Naharin has been artistic director since 1990.

The Bat-Dor Dance Company was an Israeli dance company co-founded by Baroness Batsheva de Rothschild and dancer Jeannette Ordman.[17] Bat Dor made its debut in 1968 with Ordman as its leading dancer. The company existed until July 2006.[18]

The Inbal Dance Theater focuses on the dance of ethnic communities in Israel, among them Yemenite Jews, Moroccan Jews, Iranian Jews and Kurdish Jews. The group is known for incorporating biblical themes and an ancient dance language into modern dance moves.[19] The group was founded in 1949 by Sara Levi-Tanai, Jerusalem-born of a Yemenite family.[20]

The Kibbutz Contemporary Dance Company, based in Kibbutz Ga'aton,[21] participates in some 200 performances a year in Israel and overseas.[22]

The Rina Schoenfeld Dance Theater, founded in 1978, developed an eclectic blend of Bauhaus ideology, theater, modern dance and ballet which used physical objects to "guide the imagination to places beyond dance."[23]

The Israel Ballet, which performs classical and neo-classical ballets, was founded in 1967 by Berta Yampolsky and Hillel Markman. In 1975, the troupe performed George Balanchine's Serenade, bringing the company international acclaim. After watching a performance in New York, Balanchine granted the Israel Ballet permission to perform his works free of charge.[24]

The Adama Dance Company, established by Liat Dror and Nir Ben Gal, is based in Mitzpe Ramon. The company has seven dancers and runs a children's dance school.[25]

Dance centers[edit]

Suzanne Dellal Center, Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv's center for modern and classical dance is the Suzanne Dellal Center for Dance and Theater in Neve Tzedek.[26]

Dance notation[edit]

The Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation is a notation system for recording movement on paper or computer screen created in Israel by dance theorist Noa Eshkol and Avraham Wachman, a professor of architecture at the Technion.[27] The system is used in many fields, including dance, physical therapy, animal behavior and early diagnosis of autism.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Israeli Dance Archived 2010-01-28 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Galilee - Culture". Galilee Development Authority. Archived from the original on 2007-08-08. Retrieved 2007-08-06.
  3. ^ "Karmiel Dance Festival". ACTCOM-Active Communication Ltd. Archived from the original on 2007-08-12. Retrieved 2007-08-06.
  4. ^ "Karmiel Dance Festival". Karmiel Dance Festival. Archived from the original on 2007-08-19. Retrieved 2007-08-06.
  5. ^ "In Israel, Still Dancing After All These Years". Forward Association, inc. 2004-04-16. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
  6. ^ "Gurit Kadman". PhantomRanch.net. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-06.
  7. ^ Mikhail Baryshnikov and Ana Laguna to Perform in Israel
  8. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/zvidances-dabke-evokes-melding-of-arab-and-israeli-cultures/2013/05/05/80d0728e-b596-11e2-b568-6917f6ac6d9d_story.html
  9. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/01/dabke-dance_n_1560911.html
  10. ^ a b Jewish Women's Archive: Gertrud Kraus
  11. ^ Spanish monarch honors Israeli flamenco dancer with citation
  12. ^ "Assie Duo Dances for Peace in Karmiel". Australian Jewish News. 2008-08-04. Archived from the original on September 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  13. ^ "Karmiel Dance Festival". Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  14. ^ One step forward, two steps back, Haaretz
  15. ^ Israel honors its baroness of dance, Ora Brafman, Dance Magazine, January 1998.
  16. ^ Divinely inspired, Haaretz[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ Anderson, Jack (13 February 2011). "Jeannette Ordman, Director of Israeli Dance Company, is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  18. ^ "Bat Dor" [להקת בת דור] (in Hebrew). Love to Dance. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  19. ^ Looseleaf, Victoria (2002-01-27). "Moves That Mirror a Culture - Los Angeles Times". articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
  20. ^ "Israeli Dance 1995-1998". www.mfa.gov.il. Archived from the original on 2010-01-28. Retrieved 2010-04-13.
  21. ^ Dance in Israel, Kibbutz Contemporary Dance Company
  22. ^ Kibbutz Movement, Jerusalem Post[permanent dead link]
  23. ^ "Rina Schenfeld" in Dance Life Archived 2012-03-30 at the Wayback Machine, 2011
  24. ^ Israel Ballet Archived 2012-02-29 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ The crater good, Haaretz
  26. ^ "Tel Aviv Activities". iExplore.com. Archived from the original on 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  27. ^ a b Co-founder of movement notation system dies at 79

External links[edit]