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Dandapani was an ancient Indian king from the Koliya dynasty, who ruled a city called Koli. He was born in Devadaha as a Koliya Prince, as one of the sons of Añjana and Yasodharā. His brother was Suppabuddha and his sisters Māyā and Pajāpatī. He was the Buddha's maternal uncle.
According to northern sources the Prince Siddhattha's wife was Dandapani's brother's (King Suppabuddha's) daughter. In history, it is recorded that when Dandapānī met with and questioned Buddha on his teachings in Kapilavatthu. The Buddha explained the teachings to him, but he was not satisfied, and went away "shaking his head, wagging his tongue, with his brow puckered into three wrinkles."
Buddhaghosa says that he received his name from the fact of his always being seen with a golden walking-stick and was a follower of Devadatta.
Dandapani is also one of the name of Hindu war God, Kartikeya.