Dang District, India
Location of Dang district in Gujarat
|• Total||1,764 km2 (681 sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Dang (Listen (help·info)) is a district in the state of Gujarat in India. The administrative headquarters of the district are located in Ahwa. Dang has an area of 1,764 km² and a population of 228,291 (as of 2011). As of 2011, it is the least populous district of Gujarat (out of 33). As per the Planning Commission, Dang is one of the most economically distressed district out of 640 districts in India. The main language spoken in this district is Konkani and 98% of the population belongs to one of the scheduled tribes. The five Kings of Dangs are the only hereditary royals in India whose titles are currently recognized by the government owing to an agreement made during the British Raj in 1842.
The origin of the name of the Dang is uncertain. In common parlance the word 'dang' means a hilly village. There is another connotation of the word 'dang' which means bamboo (a place of bamboo). The name is also associated with Hindu mythology. It is related to the Dandakaranya of the Ramayana. It is said that during the exile, Rama passed through this area on his way to Nasik.
Kings of Dang
Before Independence several wars were fought between the five tribal kings of Dang and the British Raj. According to the history of Dang, the biggest war to took place at 'Lashkaria Amba', in when the kings of all the five states joined together to protect Dang from British rule. The British were beaten and agreed to a compromise.
As per the treaty signed in 1842 the British were allowed to use the forests and their natural products against which they had to pay around 3,000 silver coins to the five kings. Currently the kings receive a monthly political pension by the Government of India, which is the main source of their income. This payment is continued even though all privy purses for the Princely states of India were stopped in 1970 since the agreement was between then monarchy of Dangs and the British.
At the end of each fiscal year during Holi, the kings gather in Ahwa for a traditional royal ceremony, in their richly decorated buggies and bands with tribal dancers, to receive the payment as per the agreement of 1842. In ancient Indian Scriptures Dang is known as Dand Aranyaka, meaning Bamboo Forest. Recently the Dangs Kings have urged the government to protect their depleting forest cover due to illegal logging.
- Linga - Raja Bhavarsingh
- Daher-Amala - Raja Tapatrao Anandrao
- Gadhvi Raja - Karan Singh Yashwant Rao Pawar
- Vasurna Raja - Dhanrajsinh Chandara Sinhgh Suryavanshi
- Pimpri - Raja Trikamrao Sahebrao Powar
According to the 2011 census Dang district has a population of 228,291, roughly equal to the nation of Vanuatu. This gives it a ranking of 587th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 129 inhabitants per square kilometre (330/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.44%. Dang has a sex ratio of 1007 females for every 1000 males, and literacy rate of 76.8%.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Dang District as an economically distressed district, one of 250 out of a total of 640 districts. It is one of the six districts in Gujarat currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Forest of Dang
Dang District has part of a forest that includes Purna Wildlife Sanctuary, which is shared between the districts of Dang and Tapi in Gujarat and Nandurbar District in Maharashtra, and Vansda National Park in Navsari District, which shares a continuous tract of forest with Valsad District.[better source needed]
In Purna and Ratanmahal Wildlife Sanctuarys, eight bird species are considered locally extinct, including Indian grey hornbill, jungle bush quail, red spurfowl and large woodshrike. Also, Bengal tiger, Indian giant squirrel and gaur are reportedly extinct in Gujarat.
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- Kings of the Dang
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Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est.
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- Jhala, Y. V., Qureshi, Q., Sinha, P. R. (Eds.) (2011). Status of tigers, co-predators and prey in India, 2010. National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India, New Delhi, and Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. TR 2011/003 pp-302
- "Vansda National Park". Gujarat Tourism. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- Chavan, S.A.; Patel, C. D.; Pawar, S. V.; Gogate, N. S.; Pandya, N. P. (1991). "Sighting of the rusty-spotted cat Felis rubiginosa (Geoffroy) in Shoolpaneshwar Sanctuary, Gujarat". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (88): 107−108.
- Worah, S. (1991). The ecology and management of a fragmented forest in south Gujarat, India: the Dangs. Ph.D. thesis, University of Poona, Pune, India.
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