|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||267 (2011 census)|
|• Density||920.7/km2 (2,385/sq mi)|
|Area||0.29 km2 (0.1 sq mi)|
|Location||50 km (31 mi) from Sydney CBD|
Dangar Island is a forested island, 29 hectares (72 acres) in area, in the Hawkesbury River, just north of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Dangar Island is a suburb of Hornsby Shire and as at the 2011 Census had a population of 267, which swells dramatically during holiday seasons. The island is serviced regularly by Brooklyn Ferry Service and departs from Brooklyn and takes about ten minutes. The Brooklyn ferry is itself adjacent to Hawkesbury River railway station. The ferry service is in operation 7 days a week.
Dangar Island has been known to the local Guringai Aborigines for thousands of years. The first European to visit the area was Governor Arthur Phillip, who explored the lower river by small boat in March 1788 within weeks of the First Fleet's arrival. He named it Mullet Island, for the abundance of fish in the local Hawksbury River. At first the local people were friendly towards him, but when he returned a year later, they would not come into contact. By 1790, over half the Guringai people had succumbed to the smallpox the British had brought with them.
Dangar leased the island to the Union Bridge Co of Chicago for the construction of the original Hawkesbury River Rail Bridge between 1886-1889. About 400 Americans and their families lived there and the island boasted a large social hall, school, library and its own newspaper.
In the 1920s the island, which is barely a five-minute walk across, was divided into residential plots, though space was reserved on the beach, the flat and the top of the hill for recreational use. Dangar Island Post Office opened on 1 September 1951 and closed in 1986.
About the island
In contrast to much of the surrounding area, which is designated national park, Dangar Island is relatively heavily inhabited. This was not always so. The island has several tarmacked roads which are closed off to all but the community fire truck, the council ute and vehicles with special permits. There are no private cars on the island. A wheelbarrow is a common method used to haul goods from the ferry. The island has one shop/café, and a bowling club for members/visitors which has a bar. The island also has a community hall that supports several community groups, including a children's film workshop, and mains water.
Until recently,[when?] Dangar's flavour was that of an artists' colony. In recent years, however, the accessibility and charm of the location have meant an explosion in house prices to the point that only the wealthy can now consider purchasing homes there, which many now do as weekend retreats. New building on Dangar also continues, contributing to the changing character of the island.
The island was connected to the water supply system by the then Metropolitan Water Sewerage and Drainage Board in the 1980s. The island has since been connected to the Sydney sewerage system by Sydney Water, via a sub-marine pipeline to the mainland and a state-of-the-art treatment plant in Brooklyn. Septic tanks are being quickly phased out by most residents, providing a boost to the Hawkesbury waterways surrounding Dangar Island.
The island has a community owned shop next to the ferry wharf that serves light snacks, coffee, breakfast and lunch. It also sells groceries and has a good supply of meat. On the weekend the Dangar Island Bowling Club, which is licensed, serves meals and you can play bowls.
Travelling by road from the south, from either Sydney or Hornsby, access is available by the M1 motorway. Drive across the Hawkesbury River Bridge at Kangaroo Point and follow the Brooklyn-Mooney Mooney turnoff just after you cross the river. Travelling by road from the north, from either Newcastle or Gosford, access is available via the M1 motorway. As you approach the Hawkesbury River you can exit the motorway via the Brooklyn-Mooney Mooney turnoff on your left hand side. Follow the signs to Brooklyn and drive through the village. At the end of the road you will find a public car park and the Dangar Island Ferry Wharf.
Rail travellers can catch any all-stations train on the Central Coast & Newcastle line. If travelling from Central (Sydney), the train departs from the InterCity section (Platforms 1-15). Alight at Hawkesbury River Railway Station (after Cowan railway station). Be aware that access to the station is impossible for those in wheelchairs or otherwise disabled. There are 99 steep steps to ascend and descend. The Dangar Island ferry can be seen on your left as you leave the station.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Dangar Island (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
- Rowland, Joan (2008). "Dangar Island". web page. Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- "Hawkesbury River Gateway".
- ' History on the Hawkesbury River"[dead link][dead link]
- Huxley, John (26 September 2006). "Stranger Dangar: an idyllic island's growing fear". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
- "About the Island".
- "Post office list". Premier Postal History. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
- UBD City Link 2006, street directory. Page 55-56, Map reference N7 - on page 56 and P4 on page 55
- Howard, Ann (2010). A Ghost, a Murder and Other Dangar Tales: a history of Dangar. ISBN 9780958584340.
- Howard, Ann (2011). Ten Dry Pies and Other Dangar Tales. TARKA. ISBN 9780958584357.
- Howard, Ann (2012). Rainbow on the River and Other Dangar Tales. TARKA.
- Howard, Ann (2012). Derrymacash to Dangar : Dangar Island in the 1950s as told to Ann Howard. TARKA. ISBN 9780958584371.