Dangerous World Tour
|Tour by Michael Jackson|
Promotional image for the tour
|Start date||June 27, 1992|
|End date||November 11, 1993|
|Michael Jackson concert chronology|
The Dangerous World Tour was the second world concert tour by American singer Michael Jackson. The tour was sponsored by Pepsi-Cola. All profits were donated to various charities including Jackson's own "Heal the World Foundation". The tour ran from June 27, 1992, to November 11, 1993. It will be a success and will bring together nearly 4 million people in 69 concerts. The end of the tour was, however, quite chaotic: concerts were canceled or postponed because of health problems of the star (mainly dehydration problems).
In January 1989, Jackson finished his Bad tour, his first as a solo artist, which had grossed over $125 million. Initially he planned not to tour again and concentrate on making albums and films. Following the release of his eighth studio album Dangerous in November 1991, a press conference was held on February 3, 1992 at Radio City Music Hall in New York City to announce the Dangerous Tour. The event, attended by 200 people, was organized by Jackson's sponsor Pepsi with the artist also present. Jackson explained his sole reason for touring once more was to raise funds for his newly-formed Heal the World Foundation to aid children and the environment. He aimed to raise $100 million for the charity by Christmas 1993. It was revealed that Jackson planned to perform across Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Australia, with no dates in the United States or Canada. Jackson commented: "I am looking forward to this tour because it will allow me to devote time to visiting children all around the world, as well as spread the message of global love, in the hope that others will be moved to do their share to help heal the world".
In June 1992, a Russian Antonov AN-124 cargo jet, then the world's largest operating airplane, was booked to transport the equipment and stage set from Los Angeles to London for the opening European leg. However, problems regarding its civilian aircraft certification led to Jackson using a Federal Express Boeing 747 instead. Upon arrival, the equipment was transported across Europe by 65 lorries. The cargo included 1,000 lights, 10 miles of electrical cable, 9 video screens, and 168 speakers. Around 2 tons of clothing was transported. The outfits were designed by Michael Bush and Angelenos Dennis Tompkins, who worked with Jackson to gain an idea on what he wanted, and aimed to "bring his ideas to life". Two outfits were 9 feet tall, 7 feet wide, and weighed 40 lbs each, with fibre optic lights controlled by a computerised laser. One jacket was fitted with a battery belt generating 3,000 volts to light the 36 strobe lights on it. Another had hidden flaps to conceal explosive effects. 1,000 yards of fabric from Europe was used to make the costumes, including a black and gold outfit for Jackson which included 18-karat gold. The costumes alone cost $2 million.
The show incorporated various stage illusions. Among them was the "toaster" effect where Jackson entered the stage on a rapidly rising catapult from underneath, sending off pyrotechnics at the same time. His sister Janet Jackson said: "That opening was kick-ass. I'm sitting in the sound tower and all the kids are everywhere. And when he jumped out of whatever the hell that thing was [...] the kids in front of me were looking back and I didn't even know it". Most of the 1992 shows included a stage trick during the transition from "Thriller" to "Billie Jean", whereby Jackson walks into two pillars and is secretly switched with a werewolf-masked backup dancer while he changes outfits for "Billie Jean". The masked "Jackson" is placed into a coffin which disappears when dancers posing as the skeletons and zombies drape a cloth over the coffin and pull it out. Jackson then appears on an upper stage level and sings "Billie Jean". When the full trick was not performed, it featured a sequence with the Jackson impersonator and the backup dancers performing dances from "Thriller". In some legs of the tour, the Jackson impersonator would go back stage after singing the main chorus of the song, instead of doing a reprise of the "Thriller" dance, and the Zombie backup-dancers would do a reprise of the dance by themselves.
The original set list for the 1992 leg featured "The Way You Make Me Feel" and "Bad", but these were taken out after the eighth concert in Oslo, Norway. However, these two songs were returned for the performances in Tokyo, Japan.
During the Europe leg in 1992, MTV was allowed to film backstage and broadcast six fifteen-minute episodes of the tour. The show was called The Dangerous Diaries and was presented by Sonya Saul. MTV released footage of "Billie Jean" and "Black Or White" at the first show in Munich. "Billie Jean" was released with 2 different versions, one by MTV as a special, and the other on the Dangerous Diaries documentary. Both versions have placed a snippet of Jackson's original a cappella recording for "Billie Jean" over the live vocals when Jackson throws his fedora.
The October 1, 1992 concert in Bucharest, Romania was filmed for broadcast on the HBO network on October 10. Jackson sold the film rights for the concert for $20 million, then the highest amount for a concert performer to appear on television. The special earned Jackson the second of two CableACE Awards of his career, this one for Outstanding Performance Musical Special.
The Toulouse, France concert performed on September 16, 1992 featured a special instrumental performance of the first half of the song "In the Closet" as an interlude between the songs "Heal the World" and "Man in the Mirror". Princess Stéphanie of Monaco, who was the "Mystery Girl" in the actual song, was in attendance at this concert. This concert marked the first and only time that this song was performed during this tour, although it was performed on his next tour History. On December 31, 1992 during the New Year's Eve concert in Tokyo, Japan, Slash made a special guest appearance for the performance of "Black or White". Slash also made a special appearance for "Black or White" at the concert in Oviedo, Spain in September 1992, and last concert in Spain September 26, 1993 in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands).
The September 1, 1993 concert in Singapore was scheduled for August 30, 1993 but was rescheduled due to Jackson collapsing before the show.
During his visit to Moscow in September, Jackson came up with the song "Stranger in Moscow" which would be released on his 1995 album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. It was during a time when Jackson felt very alone, far away from his family and friends, yet every night throughout his tours fans would stay by his hotel and support him.
Super Bowl XXVII halftime show
Unlike many previous years, Jackson was the only performer in the entire Super Bowl XXVII halftime show. The show started with Jackson dancing on certain jumbotrons, followed by impersonators that posed on top of the screen, which gave the illusion of Jackson moving from one side of the stadium to the other. Then Jackson himself catapulted on stage and simply stood frozen in front of the audience.
Jackson's set consist of a medley: "Jam" (with the beginning being an excerpt from " Why You Wanna Trip on Me"), "Billie Jean" and "Black or White". The finale featured an audience card stunt, a video montage showing Jackson participating in various humanitarian efforts around the world, and a choir of 3,500 local Los Angeles area children singing "We Are the World", later joining Jackson as he sang his single "Heal the World".
It was the first Super Bowl where the audience figures increased during the half-time show. Jackson was chosen to boost interest and viewership. in 1992, a live episode of In Living Color drew higher ratings than the halftime show, prompting NFL and FOX television officials to look at signing high-level talent to perform. Jackson originally asked a $1 million fee to perform. The NFL, which normally only pays the expenses for performers, instead donated $100,000 to Jackson's Heal the World Foundation.
|June 26, 1992||Munich||Germany||Olympiastadion (rehearsal)|
|June 27, 1992||Munich||Germany||Olympiastadion|
|June 30, 1992||Rotterdam||Netherlands||Feijenoord Stadium|
|July 1, 1992|
|July 4, 1992||Rome||Italy||Stadio Flaminio|
|July 6, 1992||Monza||Stadio Brianteo|
|July 7, 1992|
|July 11, 1992||Cologne||Germany||Müngersdorfer Stadion|
|July 15, 1992||Oslo||Norway||Valle Hovin|
|July 17, 1992||Stockholm||Sweden||Stockholm Olympic Stadium|
|July 18, 1992|
|July 20, 1992||Copenhagen||Denmark||Gentofte Stadion|
|July 22, 1992||Werchter||Belgium||Werchter Festival Grounds|
|July 25, 1992||Dublin||Ireland||Lansdowne Road|
|July 30, 1992||London||England||Wembley Stadium|
|July 31, 1992|
|August 1, 1992|
|August 5, 1992||Cardiff||Wales||Cardiff Arms Park|
|August 8, 1992||Bremen||Germany||Weserstadion|
|August 10, 1992||Hamburg||Volksparkstadion|
|August 13, 1992||Hamelin||Weserberglandstadion|
|August 16, 1992||Leeds||England||Roundhay Park|
|August 18, 1992||Glasgow||Scotland||Glasgow Green|
|August 20, 1992||London||England||Wembley Stadium|
|August 22, 1992|
|August 23, 1992|
|August 26, 1992||Vienna||Austria||Praterstadion|
|August 28, 1992||Frankfurt||Germany||Waldstadion|
|August 30, 1992||Ludwigshafen||Südweststadion|
|September 2, 1992||Bayreuth||Wild Stadion|
|September 4, 1992||Berlin||Jahn Stadion|
|September 6, 1992||Gelsenkirchen||Parkstadion|
|September 8, 1992||Lausanne||Switzerland||Stade olympique de la Pontaise|
|September 11, 1992||Basel||St. Jakob's Stadion|
|September 13, 1992||Paris||France||Hippodrome de Vincennes|
|September 16, 1992||Toulouse||Stade de Toulouse|
|September 18, 1992||Barcelona||Spain||Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc|
|September 21, 1992||Oviedo||Estadio Carlos Tartiere|
|September 23, 1992||Madrid||Vicente Calderón Stadium|
|September 26, 1992||Lisbon||Portugal||Estádio José Alvalade|
|October 1, 1992||Bucharest||Romania||Lia Manoliu National Stadium|
|October 4, 1992||Istanbul||Turkey||BJK İnönü Stadium (cancelled)|
|December 12, 1992||Tokyo||Japan||Tokyo Dome|
|December 14, 1992|
|December 17, 1992|
|December 19, 1992|
|December 22, 1992|
|December 24, 1992|
|December 30, 1992|
|December 31, 1992|
|August 24, 1993||Bangkok||Thailand||Suphachalasai Stadium|
|August 27, 1993|
|August 29, 1993||Kallang||Singapore||Singapore National Stadium|
|September 1, 1993|
|September 4, 1993||Taipei||Taiwan||Taipei Municipal Stadium|
|September 6, 1993|
|September 10, 1993||Fukuoka||Japan||Fukuoka Dome|
|September 11, 1993|
|September 15, 1993||Moscow||Russia||Luzhniki Stadium|
|September 19, 1993||Tel Aviv||Israel||Yarkon Park|
|September 21, 1993|
|September 23, 1993||Istanbul||Turkey||BJK İnönü Stadium|
|September 26, 1993||Santa Cruz de Tenerife||Spain||Port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife|
|October 8, 1993||Buenos Aires||Argentina||River Plate Stadium|
|October 10, 1993|
|October 12, 1993|
|October 15, 1993||São Paulo||Brazil||Estádio do Morumbi|
|October 17, 1993|
|October 23, 1993||Santiago||Chile||Estadio Nacional|
|October 29, 1993||Mexico City||Mexico||Estadio Azteca|
|October 31, 1993|
|November 7, 1993|
|November 9, 1993|
|November 11, 1993|
Broadcasts and recordings
All concerts were professionally filmed by Nocturne Productions Inc., which filmed all of Jackson's tours and private affairs. During the 1992 European leg of the tour, MTV was given permission to film backstage reports, interview the cast and film live performance. The mini-show was hosted by Sonya Saul and had six, 15-minute mini-episodes of concerts in Munich, Werchter, Dublin, Hamburg, Cardiff, London, Leeds, Berlin, Oviedo and Madrid. Performances include Billie Jean, Black or White, Jam, Wanna Be Startin' Somethin', and Will You Be There. The concert in Bucharest on October 1, 1992, was filmed and broadcast on television all across the world, giving HBO the highest rating garnered in cable TV History, with an unedited version airing on BBC. The concert film titled Live in Bucharest: The Dangerous Tour was officially released on DVD on July 25, 2005.
Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough is a jukebox musical that will premiere on 2019 and later on Broadway in 2020. "The show takes audiences behind the scenes as Michael prepares for the 1992 Dangerous Tour, providing an in-depth look at his process. As Michael and his collaborators rehearse their epic setlist, we are transported to pivotal creative moments from his career." The show is set to feature over 25 of Michael Jackson's biggest hits.
- "Michael Jackson to tour the world". The Times. Shreveport, Louisiana. 4 February 1992. Retrieved 21 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Hunt, Dennis (4 February 1992). "Jackson plans tour to fund charity". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- Crampton, Luke (2009). Michael Jackson (Music Icons (Taschen)). Taschen. ISBN 9783836520812. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- "Jackson hires giant Russian transport". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. 15 June 1992. p. 1. Retrieved 21 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Jackson tour changes planes". The Desert Sun. Palm Springs, California. 19 June 1992. p. 37. Retrieved 21 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Sing a simple song". Chicago Tribune. 18 June 1992. p. 24. Retrieved 21 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Michael Jackson ships explosives, 2 tons of clothes for tour". The Times. Munster, Indiana. 18 June 1992. p. 2. Retrieved 21 June 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Jackson's clothes take a 'Dangerous' turn". Post-Tribune. 26 June 1992. Archived from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018 – via Highbeam Research.
- Q, June 1993
- Zad, Martin (10 October 1992). "Michael Jackson on HBO". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on 23 June 2018. Retrieved 23 June 2018 – via Highbeam Research.
- George, pp. 37–52.
- Frank Cascio's Book: My Friend Michael: An Ordinary Friendship With An Extraordinary Man
- Saulnier, Jason (23 July 2008). "Jennifer Batten Interview". Music Legends. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Knopper, Steve (January 31, 2018). "Flashback: Michael Jackson Reclaims His Pop Throne at Super Bowl XXVII". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
- "How Jackson Redefined the Super Bowl". The New York Times. 30 June 2009.
- "Michael Jackson: Live in Bucharest -The Dangerous Tour". 26 July 2005 – via Amazon.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-01-29. Retrieved 2019-01-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)