Danhai light rail
|Locale||New Taipei City, Taiwan|
|Transit type||Light rail|
|Number of lines||2 (1 open, 1 under construction)|
|Number of stations||20 (11 open, 9 under construction)|
|Daily ridership||120,000 daily planned capacity|
|Began operation||23 December 2018|
|Operator(s)||New Taipei Metro Co.|
|System length||7.3 km (4.5 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||Overhead electric cable|
The Danhai light rail (Chinese: 淡海輕軌; pinyin: Dànhǎi Qīngguǐ) is a light rail transit (LRT) system in Tamsui District, New Taipei City, Taiwan. It opened on 23 December 2018 and began service the following day.
The initial feasibility study for a heavy-capacity extension line of the Taipei Metro was completed in 1992. Further planning reports were completed in 1998 and 1999. At that time the project was put on hold due to budgetary considerations. In 2005, planning shifted from a metro system to light rail system. A light rail feasibility study was completed in 2007, with review of funding and operation throughout 2008. The study was completed and presented for approval to the Executive Yuan in 2010.
The light rail two-stage construction plan by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications was approved by Council for Economic Planning and Development on 7 January 2013. The first phase of the construction began in September 2014.
The system is projected to carry 120,000 passengers per day.
The Danhai light rail current network consists of 11 Green Mountain line stations and 9 Blue Coast line stations under construction, with a single depot for both lines. Track will be either elevated or at surface level; unlike in Taipei MRT system, there will not be underground sections. The total length will be 13.99 kilometres (8.69 mi).
Green Mountain line
The Green Mountain line, opened in December 2018, runs from Taipei Metro's Hongshulin. It then runs northward and turns west into Danhai. This line follows along Zhongzheng East Road, Provincial Highway No. 2, Binhai Road and Shalun Road. Out of its eleven stations, seven are elevated, with the remaining four at ground level. Bike sharing service YouBike is available at seven stations.
Blue Coast line
Upon completion of the second phase, the Blue Coast Line will run from Tamsui, the terminus of Tamsui–Xinyi line. Once the train leaves the station, it then runs northward and turns west to Fisherman's Wharf, then it turns again eastward to join the Green Mountain Line, with which it shares 1.21 kilometres (0.75 mi) and three stops. It follows along Taiwan Route 2B, Binhai Road, and Shalun Road. All the nine stations will be at ground level.
The cars were built in Taiwan by the Taiwan Rolling Stock Company under the first program to domestically build light rail vehicles. The company partnered with the German firm Voith Engineering Services on the design of the cars. Final assembly as well as the manufacturing of many components was done in Taiwan. Through this project, Taiwan seeks to lessen its dependence on foreign manufacturers for rail systems.
Each of the 15 bi-directional standard gauge trams is 34.5 metres (113 ft) long and can carry up to 265 passengers. They are designed with electrical on-board storage capacity so that they can travel short distances under their own power; this feature allows simplification of the overhead power cabling by eliminating the need to run the power cables across major intersections. The prototype was scheduled to be ready in 2016, with all the 15 cars to be delivered by the end of 2017.
The light rail was expected to cost NT$15.31 billion, in which NT$1.67 billion will be provided by the central government, NT$7.09 billion by Construction and Planning Agency and NT$6.55 billion by New Taipei City Government when it was approved in 2013. The current estimate is NT$31.357 billion.
The project is divided into two phases. The first phase is the 11 station Green Mountain Line and part of the Blue Coast Line comprising three stations, totaling 9.7 kilometres (6.0 mi) and the depot. The whole first phase costs NT$12.8 billion. Work began in September 2014 and as of May 2016 is approximately one-third complete. With the opening of Green Mountain Line, the first phase of Danhai light rail is almost completed. The other three stations that runs along the Blue Coast Line will be completed later.
The line is being developed by China Steel Corporation and subsidiaries United Steel Engineering & Construction Corporation and Taiwan Rolling Stock Company. Other contractors are Thales Rail Signalling Solutions for signalling, communications, and control equipment, CTCI Corporation for track work, Pandrol for track, maintenance, and safety equipment, TÜV Rheinland for testing, and ABB for electrical equipment.
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- Kao, Camaron (8 January 2013). "Plan to construct Tamsui light-rail system approved". Taipei Times.
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- Barrow, Keith (8 January 2016). "Go-ahead for Taiwanese light rail project". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
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- Liao, George (20 December 2018). "9 YouBike stations to be in operation along new Danhai Light Rail line in New Taipei". Taiwan News. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
- Everington, Keoni (21 December 2018). "Taiwan's Tamsui light rail line to open to public on Christmas Eve". Taiwan News. Retrieved 24 December 2018.
- "Danhai light rail project aims to upgrade local rail sector". The China Post. 22 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "Taipei tram unveiled". Metro Report International. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
- "Danhai light rail project to upgrade local rail sector". apt-newschannel.com. 20 July 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "First locally built tram car to be delivered Nov. 11". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 23 October 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
- "Thales to support Taiwan's Danhai Light Rail Transit project". railway-technology.com. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- "Danjiang Bridge". Architect. The Journal of the American Institute of Architects. 14 August 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
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