Daniş Tunalıgil

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Daniş Tunalıgil
39th Turkish Ambassador to Austria
In office
1 January 1973 – 22 October 1975
President Cevdet Sunay
Fahri Korutürk
Preceded by Hüveyda Mayatepek
Succeeded by Asaf İnhan
27th Turkish Ambassador to the Netherlands
In office
30 November 1970 – 2 November 1973
President Cevdet Sunay
Preceded by Vahit Halefoğlu
Succeeded by Oktay Cankardeş
22nd Turkish Ambassador to Yugoslavia
In office
23 July 1964 – 18 September 1968
President Cemal Gürsel
Preceded by Orhan Eralp
Succeeded by Üstün Gündoğdu
6th Turkish Ambassador to Jordan
In office
29 April 1960 – 1 July 1964
President Cemal Gürsel
Preceded by Mahmut Dikerdem
Succeeded by Hüveyda Mayatepek
Personal details
Born 1915
Ankara, Turkey
Died 22 October 1975(1975-10-22) (aged 60)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality Turkish
Spouse(s) Ferzane Tunalıgil
Alma mater Galatasaray High School
Profession Diplomat

Hüseyin Daniş Tunalıgil (1915 – 22 October 1975) was a Turkish diplomat. He was assassinated by JCAG in 1975 during his duty as the Turkish ambassador to Austria.[1]

Life and career[edit]

Tunalıgil was born in Ankara, Turkey in 1915. He was graduated from Galatasaray High School in 1933.[2] In 1939, he entered the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. During his diplomatic career he had been ambassador of Turkey to Jordan, Yugoslavia, the Netherlands and finally Austria.

Assassination[edit]

At noon, on 22 October 1975, three gunmen bearing automatic weapons ambushed the Turkish Embassy in Vienna, killing the security guards and entering the Ambassador's office. Once face to face with the ambassador, the militants asked if he was the Turkish ambassador. Receiving an affirmative answer, they shot him with British and Israeli made submachine guns.[3] Tunalıgil died on the spot and the militants quickly left the scene by an automobile.[4]

The attack was followed by another planned attack against the ambassador of Turkey to France, Ismail Erez on October 24, 1975 killing him and his chauffeur.[5]

The 3 militants were never identified and caught[6][7] It was the first assassination perpetrated by JCAG, and by 1984 it would have claimed the lives of 20 Turkish diplomats and members of their immediate families.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newspaper Milliyet October 22, 2004 (in Turkish)
  2. ^ Oku July 4, 2007[permanent dead link] (in Turkish)
  3. ^ Lester A. Sobel, "Political terrorism, Volume 2, University of Michigan, Facts on File, 1978, p. 248
  4. ^ TURKISH DIPLOMATS KILLED BY THE ARMENIAN TERRORISTS DURING THEIR DUTY
  5. ^ Guerre et terrorisme arméniens, Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2002, p. 44
  6. ^ Encyclopedia of terrorism, Infobase Publishing, 2007, Cindy C. Combs, Martin W. Slann, p. 394]
  7. ^ Michael M. Gunter, "Pursuing the Just Cause of their People. A Study of Contemporary Armenian Terrorism, Westport-New York-London, Greenwood Press, 1986, p. 68
  8. ^ Baron Max, Beloff Beloff, "Beyond the Soviet Union: the fragmentation of power, Ashgate, 1997, p. 42
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Mahmut Dikerdem
Turkish Ambassador to Jordan
1960–1964
Succeeded by
Hüveyda Mayatepek
Preceded by
Orhan Eralp
Turkish Ambassador to Yugoslavia
1964–1968
Succeeded by
Üstün Gündoğdu
Preceded by
Vahit Melih Halefoğlu
Turkish Ambassador to the Netherlands
1970–1973
Succeeded by
Oktay Cankardeş
Preceded by
Hüveyda Mayatepek
Turkish Ambassador to Austria
1973–1975
Succeeded by
Asaf İnhan