Daniel Andrews

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Daniel Andrews

Daniel Andrews 2018.jpg
48th Premier of Victoria
Elections: 2014, 2018
Assumed office
4 December 2014
MonarchElizabeth II
GovernorAlex Chernov
Linda Dessau
DeputyJames Merlino
Preceded byDenis Napthine
Leader of the Labor Party in Victoria
Assumed office
3 December 2010
DeputyRob Hulls
James Merlino
Preceded byJohn Brumby
Leader of the Opposition in Victoria
In office
3 December 2010 – 4 December 2014
PremierTed Baillieu
Denis Napthine
DeputyRob Hulls
James Merlino
Preceded byTed Baillieu
Succeeded byMatthew Guy
Minister for Health
In office
3 August 2007 – 2 December 2010
PremierJohn Brumby
Preceded byBronwyn Pike
Succeeded byDavid Davis
Minister for Gaming
In office
1 December 2006 – 3 August 2007
PremierSteve Bracks
Preceded byJohn Pandazopoulos
Succeeded byTony Robinson
Minister for Consumer Affairs
In office
1 December 2006 – 3 August 2007
PremierSteve Bracks
Preceded byMarsha Thomson
Succeeded byTony Robinson
Member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly
for Mulgrave
Assumed office
20 November 2002
Preceded byDistrict re-established
Personal details
Daniel Michael Andrews

(1972-07-06) 6 July 1972 (age 47)
Williamstown, Victoria, Australia
Political partyLabor Party
Spouse(s)Catherine Andrews (m. 1998)
Children3 (Joseph, Grace and Noah)
Alma materMonash University

Daniel Michael Andrews (born 6 July 1972) is an Australian politician who is the 48th Premier of Victoria, a post he has held since 2014. He has been the state leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) since 2010, and from 2010 to 2014 was Leader of the Opposition. Andrews has represented the Legislative Assembly seat of Mulgrave since the 2002 election, and served as a parliamentary secretary and minister in the Bracks and Brumby Labor governments.[1][2] He led the ALP to victory at the 2014 state election, defeating the incumbent Coalition government,[3] and won re-election at the 2018 election with an increased majority.[4]

Early life[edit]

Andrews was born in Williamstown, a suburb of Melbourne, to Bob Andrews (1950–2016) and Jan (born 1944). In 1983 his family moved to Wangaratta, where he was educated at the Marist Brothers' Galen Catholic College.[1] Andrews moved back to Melbourne in 1990 to attend Monash University, where he was a resident of Mannix College and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in politics and classics in 1996. After graduating, Andrews became an electorate officer for federal Labor MP Alan Griffin. He worked at the party's head office from 1999 to 2002, initially as an organiser, and then as assistant state secretary.[2]

Early political career (2002–2010)[edit]

Andrews at the Kew Festival in 2009

Following his election to parliament in the Legislative Assembly seat of Mulgrave at the 2002 election, Andrews was appointed Parliamentary Secretary for Health in the Steve Bracks Labor government. Following the 2006 election, Andrews was appointed to the Cabinet, becoming Minister for Gaming, Minister for Consumer Affairs and Minister Assisting the Premier on Multicultural Affairs. In 2007, Andrews became Minister for Health in the John Brumby Labor government.[5] In 2008, Andrews voted in favour of abortion law reform in Victoria.[6]

As opposition leader (2010–2014)[edit]

Brumby resigned as leader of the Victorian Labor Party following the Labor defeat at the 2010 election, after 11 years of Labor governments. On 3 December 2010, Andrews was elected Victorian Labor Party leader, becoming Leader of the Opposition in Victoria, with former Deputy Premier Rob Hulls staying on as his deputy.[7] Hulls resigned in early 2012 and was replaced as deputy by James Merlino.

Labor took the lead in the polls in mid-2012 and held it for all but a few months until the election, though Andrews consistently trailed his Liberal counterparts, Ted Baillieu (2010-2013) and Denis Napthine (2013-2014) as preferred premier.

Premier of Victoria (2014–present)[edit]

2014 election[edit]

Labor held 43 seats at dissolution but notionally held 40 after the redistribution of electoral boundaries. It thus needed a swing to win five seats to form government. At the election, Labor gained seven seats for a total of 47, a majority of two.[8] The election was the first time since 1955 that an incumbent government was removed from office after a single term.

In his victory speech, Andrews declared, "The people of Victoria have today given to us the greatest of gifts, entrusted to us the greatest of responsibilities and bestowed upon us the greatest of honours. We will not let them down!"[9] He was sworn in as premier on 4 December.

First term[edit]

Andrews speaking at the launch of Melbourne International Games Week 2015

On winning office, Andrews government cancelled the East West Link project and initiated the level crossing removal project and the Melbourne Metro Rail Project.

On 24 May 2016 Andrews made an official apology in parliament for gay men in Victoria punished during the time homosexuality was a crime in the state. It was decriminalised in 1981.[10]

In August 2018 Andrews announced plans to build a $50 billion suburban rail loop connecting all major rail lines via Melbourne Airport.[11]

Ending ambulance dispute[edit]

Shortly after his taking office in 2014 Daniel Andrews ended the state government's dispute with ambulance paramedics.[12] The dispute that had started with the previous state government did not go as far as strikes, due to the death toll that would result in such action. So the visible manifestation of the dispute was the protest style "colourful slogans"[12] on the side and back windows of the state's ambulances, which were removed after Andrews promised to end the dispute.

Port of Melbourne lease[edit]

In September 2016, the Andrews Government privatised the Port of Melbourne for a term of 50 years in return for more than $9.7 billion.[13]

Misuse of electoral officers[edit]

In September 2015, the Opposition announced it would refer the Andrews government to IBAC, the police, or a parliamentary enquiry over allegations that the Labor Party had misused taxpayer-funded electoral officers for party political campaigning in the leadup to the 2014 state election.[14] After an eight month investigation, Victoria Police said no criminal offence had been committed.[15] The Legislative Council referred the matter to the Victorian Ombudsman, after the Supreme Court confirmed it was within her jurisdiction, and the government lost several appeals against the referral.[16]

Andrews in March 2018

In March 2018, the Ombudsman released a report stating that Victorian Labor had wrongly used $387,842 of staff budget entitlements during the election campaign, breaching guidelines for the use of electoral staff.[17] The report identified 21 MPs (11 current MPs including six ministers) who had used the scheme, which had been devised by former Treasurer John Lenders. Andrews stated he was sorry the incidents had occurred, and that Labor had repaid the money.[16] The investigation was reopened in July.[18][19][20][21]


On 20 September 2017, the Voluntary Assisted Dying Bill 2017 was introduced into the Legislative Assembly of the Victorian Parliament by the Andrews Labor Government. The bill is modelled on the recommendations of an expert panel chaired by former Australian Medical Association president Professor Brian Owler. The proposed legislation was said by proponents to be the most conservative in the world and contain 68 safeguards including measures designed to protect vulnerable people from coercion and abuse, as well as a board to review each case.[22] Labor and Coalition MPs were allowed a conscience vote on the Bill.[23][24] The bill was debated in the lower house over three sitting days, passing the Assembly without amendment on 20 October 2017 after an emotional and tense debate[25] which lasted more than 24 hours.[26] The bill was passed by 47 votes to 37.[27] The Bill finally passed through parliament, with amendments made in the Victorian Legislative Council, on 29 November 2017.[28] In passing the bill, Victoria became the first state to legislate for voluntary assisted dying. The law received royal assent on 5 December 2017, and came into effect on 19 June 2019[28][29]

2018 election and second term[edit]

At the 2018 state election, Labor won a comprehensive victory, picking up an eight-seat swing for a total of 55 seats, tying Labor's second-best seat count in Victoria. The party recorded substantial swings in Melbourne's eastern suburbs.[30] As ABC Antony Green, put it, eastern Melbourne was swept up in a "band of red".[31] Labor also took a number of seats in areas considered Liberal heartland, including Baillieu's former seat of Hawthorn. It is only the fifth time that a Labor government has been reelected in Victoria. Andrews thus joined John Cain Jr and Steve Bracks as the only Victorian Labor leaders to lead the party to a second term in government.

Andrews is one of the few state politicians in Australia to have never spent a day on the backbench. He has spent his entire tenure in the Legislative Assembly as a junior minister (2002-2006), minister (2006–2010), opposition leader (2010-2014) and premier (2014-present).

In 2019, an independent tribunal granted Andrews an 11.8% salary increase, giving him a total salary of $441,000 and making him the highest-paid state premier in the country.[32]

Andrews received praise for his leadership during the 2019–20 Victorian bushfires.[33][34]

With the retirement of Tasmanian premier Will Hodgman in January 2020, Andrews became the longest-serving incumbent state premier.

Personal life[edit]

Andrews married Catherine Kesik in 1998 and lives in Mulgrave with their three children. Andrews is a practising Roman Catholic. As Health Minister during the passing of the Abortion Law Reform Act 2008, Andrews sought counsel from senior church clergy who advised him that the act was contrary to Church teaching. Andrews replied that he "... did not intend to be a Catholic health minister. It was my intention to be a Victorian health minister".[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Hills, Ben. "The Contender". The Age, 26 June 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b Daniel Andrews parliamentary profile, parliament.vic.gov.au
  3. ^ "Daniel Andrews rises as Coalition swept from power". The Age Victoria. 30 November 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Daniel Andrews hails Labor landslide in Victorian election 'bloodbath'". ABC News. 24 November 2018. Retrieved 24 November 2018.
  5. ^ Daniel Andrews Labor profile Archived 17 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine, ALPvictoria.com.au
  6. ^ "Life Vote". lifevote.org.au.
  7. ^ Labor's Daniel Andrews endorsed as State Opposition Leader, Herald Sun, 3 December 2010.
  8. ^ "Electorates". ABC News.
  9. ^ Victoria election 2014: Labor takes back government. ABC News, 2014-11-29.
  10. ^ Priess, Benjamin Gay men receive apology more than 30 years after homosexuality decriminalised May 24, 2016 The Age Retrieved May 25, 2016
  11. ^ https://www.afr.com/news/victorian-state-election-daniel-andrews-floats-plans-for-50b-suburban-rail-loop-20180828-h14lla
  12. ^ a b "'War' on ambulance paramedics over, declares Victoria's Premier-elect". 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Promise Delivered: Port Of Melbourne Leased To Remove Level Crossings And Create Thousands Of Jobs". 19 September 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  14. ^ "Andrews denies Labor 'rorted' funds during election campaign". ABC News. 2 September 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Fraud squad clears Labor Party of misusing election staff". ABC News. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  16. ^ a b "Victorian Labor staff scandal: What you need to know". ABC News. 22 March 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Victorian Labor misused $388k for election campaign staff: ombudsman". ABC News. 21 March 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  18. ^ https://www.theage.com.au/politics/victoria/police-reopen-probe-into-labor-red-shirts-rort-20180727-p4zu0g.html
  19. ^ https://www.theage.com.au/politics/victoria/criminal-investigation-comes-at-a-bad-time-for-andrews-government-20180727-p4zu3b.html
  20. ^ https://www.sbs.com.au/news/new-vic-rorts-for-votes-investigation
  21. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/aug/02/arrested-victoria-labor-party-rorts-for-votes-investigation
  22. ^ Edwards, Edwards (19 September 2017). "Victoria's assisted dying bill to hit Parliament, to be voted on by end of year". abc.net.au. Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Premier's Department Historic Voluntary Assisted Dying Bill Now In Parliament". premier.vic.gov.au. 20 September 2017. Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  24. ^ Johnston, Matt; Hore, Monique (20 September 2017). "Assisted dying Bill before parliament includes safeguards to prevent encouraging euthanasia". heraldsun.com.au. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  25. ^ Johnsoton, Matt; Alison, Genevieve (20 October 2017). "Voluntary euthanasia laws pass lower house in marathon session". heraldsun.com.au. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  26. ^ "Historic euthanasia laws pass Victoria's lower house after marathon sitting". The Age. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  27. ^ "Euthanasia: Voluntary Assisted Dying Bill passes Victoria's Lower House after 26-hour debate". ABC News. 20 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  28. ^ a b "Euthanasia: Victoria becomes the first Australian state to legalise voluntary assisted dying". ABC News. 29 November 2017.
  29. ^ Kenny, Mark (20 October 2017). "Victoria has just voted to remove its most basic human right: Paul Keating". smh.com.au. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  30. ^ "Victorian election result a Labor landslide with big swings in Melbourne's east". ABC News. 25 November 2018. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  31. ^ ABC Melbourne [@abcmelbourne] (24 November 2018). "Here's this band of red that's swept across the east of Melbourne" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  32. ^ "Daniel Andrews under fire after 'unfair' decision to increase his pay to $441,000 a year". The Guardian Australia. 19 September 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  33. ^ "Andrews has spent years preparing for this crisis. And it shows". The Age. 3 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  34. ^ "Daniel Andrews's bushfire response draws praise, but bigger tests may be to come". ABC News. 16 January 2020. Retrieved 27 January 2020.

External links[edit]

Victorian Legislative Assembly
District re-established Member of Parliament
for Mulgrave

Political offices
Preceded by
Marsha Thomson
Minister for Consumer Affairs
Succeeded by
Tony Robinson
Preceded by
John Pandazopoulos
Minister for Gaming
Minister assisting the Premier on Multicultural Affairs
Succeeded by
James Merlino
Preceded by
John Thwaites
Minister for Health
Succeeded by
David Davis
Preceded by
Ted Baillieu
Leader of the Opposition of Victoria
Succeeded by
Matthew Guy
Preceded by
Denis Napthine
Premier of Victoria
Party political offices
Preceded by
John Brumby
Leader of the Labor Party in Victoria