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Biss in 2012
|Member of the Illinois Senate
from the 9th district
|Preceded by||Jeffrey Schoenberg|
|Member of the Illinois House of Representatives from the 17th District|
May 2011 – January 2013
|Preceded by||Elizabeth Coulson|
|Succeeded by||Laura Fine|
|Born||August 27, 1977|
|Alma mater||Harvard University
Daniel Kálmán Biss (born 1977 in Akron, Ohio) is an American mathematician and member of the Illinois Senate from the 9th district, serving since January 2013. The district includes Chicago's northern suburbs, including Evanston, Glencoe, Glenview, Golf, Morton Grove, Northbrook, Northfield, Skokie, Wilmette, and Winnetka. Biss previously served in the Illinois House of Representatives from 2011 to 2013.
Personal life, education and mathematical career
Biss attended Bloomington High School North in Bloomington, Indiana, graduating in 1995. In 1994, he attended the prestigious Research Science Institute at MIT. Biss subsequently earned his undergraduate degree at Harvard University, graduating summa cum laude in 1998, and his Ph.D. at MIT in 2002, both in mathematics. He won the 1999 Morgan Prize for his outstanding research as an undergraduate, and was a Clay Research Fellow from 2002 to 2007. His doctoral advisor was Michael J. Hopkins. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in the fall of 2003.
Prior to running for State Representative, Biss was an Assistant Professor of Mathematics at the University of Chicago. He published several papers about Grassmannian manifolds in prestigious journals, including the Annals of Mathematics, that later were discovered to contain a flaw which rendered the proofs invalid. In 2008, Biss published retractions in the journals.
Biss created and wrote the mathematics behind the plot in An Abundance of Katherines, a novel by Vlogbrothers co-creator and author John Green. Daniel Biss is frequently referred to as "Nerdfighteria's Resident Mathematician."
In 2003, Biss published an article in the Annals of Mathematics where he argued that there is "no difference between studying real vector bundles and matroid bundles." Nikolai Mnev, a mathematician at the Steklov Institute of Mathematics at St. Petersburg in Russia, found that the proof written by Biss in his article was "seriously flawed". When Mnev found the flaw, Biss did not immediately retract it; it took nearly four years. In his one-page retraction in July 2009 in the Annals of Mathematics, Biss wrote, "The author would like to thank Nikolai Mnev for drawing his attention to this error."
Illinois House of Representatives
- Appropriations – Elementary & Secondary Education
- Personnel & Pensions
- Consumer Protection
- Small Business Empowerment & Workforce Development
- International Trade & Commerce
- Appropriations – Higher Education
|2008||Daniel Biss||25,959||48.52%||Elizabeth Coulson||27,540||51.48%|
|2010||Daniel K. Biss||23,134||54.78%||Hamilton Chang||19,096||45.22%|
|2012||Daniel Biss||68,064||66.63%||Glenn Farkas||34,081||33.37%|
According to a 2008 Political Courage Test, Daniel Biss supports carbon emissions limits. Biss is pro-choice, supporting legal abortion. He supports allowing high school graduates to pay in-state tuition at public universities regardless of immigration status, as well as state funding to raise the salaries of teachers. He received a 0% rating by the NRA in 2010. Biss has expressed support of labor unions and has received $20,000 from AFSCME, the second largest donation to a state legislator.
In 2013, Biss cosponsored SB 1, a bill that significantly reduced pension plans for retired state employees in an attempt to reduce debts in the state retirement system. In May 2015, the Illinois Supreme Court found the law unconstitutional.
- ——— (2003). "Oriented matroids, complex manifolds, and a combinatorial model for BU". Advances in Mathematics 179 (2): 250–290. doi:10.1016/S0001-8708(02)00076-2.
- See also ——— (2009). "Erratum to "Oriented matroids, complex manifolds, and a combinatorial model for BU" [Adv. Math. 179 (2) (2003) 250–290]". Advances in Mathematics 221 (2): 681. doi:10.1016/j.aim.2008.12.012.
- ——— (2003). "The Homotopy Type of the Matroid Grassmannian". Annals of Mathematics 158 (3): 929–952. doi:10.4007/annals.2003.158.929. JSTOR 3597236.
- See also ——— (2009). "Erratum to "The homotopy type of the matroid Grassmannian"". Annals of Mathematics 170: 493. doi:10.4007/annals.2009.170.493.
- See also Mnev, N. (2007). "On D.K. Biss' papers "The homotopy type of the matroid Grassmannian" and "Oriented matroids, complex manifolds, and a combinatorial model for BU"". arXiv:0709.1291 [math.CO].
- ——— (2002). "The topological fundamental group and generalized covering spaces". Topology and its Applications 124 (3): 355–371. doi:10.1016/S0166-8641(01)00247-4.
- ——— (2000). "Hamiltonian decomposition of recursive circulant graphs". Discrete Mathematics 214 (1–3): 89–99. doi:10.1016/S0012-365X(99)00199-5.
- ——— (1998). "A lower bound on the number of functions satisfying the strict avalanche criterion". Discrete Mathematics 185 (1–3): 29–39. doi:10.1016/S0012-365X(97)00180-5.
- "Hoopes Prizes Awarded to Undergraduates and Thesis Advisers". Harvard Gazette. 28 May 1998. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- Biss, Daniel K. (October 2000). "A Generalized Approach to the Fundamental Group" (PDF). The American Mathematical Monthly. Mathematical Association of America. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
- Szpiro, George G. (2010). "20: Brilliant but Fallible". A mathematical medley: fifty easy pieces on mathematics. American Mathematical Society. pp. 97–99.
- Daniel Biss, Clay Mathematics Institute
- Institute for Advanced Study: A Community of Scholars
- Comment by Laura Anderson on September 21, 2007 to Chicago Reader article "John Edwards and -- Daniel Biss?" -- Anderson's account of the events
- Error were discovered variously between 2005 (Anderson) and April 2006 (Mnev), Mnev posted September 2007, Biss submitted errata November 2008 (Annals) and December 2008 (Advances), which were published July 2009 (Annals) and March 2009 (Advances)
- Nir, Oaz (2008). "Book Review: An Abundance of Katherines" (PDF). Notices of the AMS (American Mathematical Society) 55 (9): 1096–98. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- Green, John (2006). An Abundance of Katherines. Dutton. ISBN 0-525-47688-1.
- vlogbrothers (2015-10-20), Nerdfighteria's Resident Comptroller?, retrieved 2016-04-14
- Wong, Willie. (2016-05-02). “In 2003 a startling breakthrough was made…” StackExchange (Match).
- "Nikolai Mnev Homepage". www.pdmi.ras.ru. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "Doron Zeilberger's 112nd Opinion". www.math.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- Biss, Daniel K. (July 2009). "Erratum to "The homotopy type of the matroid Grassmannian"" (PDF). Annals of Mathematics. 2nd. 170-1. doi:10.4007/annals.2009.170.493. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- "Representative Daniel Biss (D)". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Election Results". Cook County Board of Elections. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- "Daniel Biss' Issue Positions". Project Vote Smart. Philipsburg, Montana: One Common Ground. 2008.
- "Daniel K. Biss' Political Summary on Issue: Guns". Project Vote Smart. Philipsburg, Montana: One Common Ground. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- "Biss Kicks Off Campaign With 150 Strong" (PDF) (Press release). Evanston, Illinois: Daniel Biss for State Representative. September 14, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 18, 2015.
- "Wage increases slow, but not campaign contributions". Journal Standard (online ed.) (Freeport, Illinois). Illinois Statehouse News. November 9, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- "SB 1 - Amends State Employee Pension Plans - Key Vote". Project Vote Smart. Philipsburg, Montana: One Common Ground. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Pearson, Rick; Geiger, Kim (8 May 2015). "Illinois Supreme Court rules landmark pension law unconstitutional". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
- Svitek, Patrick (November 10, 2011). "State Rep. Biss to seek Schoenberg's state Senate seat". The Daily Northwestern.
- Pearson, Rick (22 September 2015). "City Clerk Mendoza gets major union backing in state comptroller bid". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 3 October 2015.
- Biss, Daniel. "Comptroller Campaign Update". Biss for Illinois (Press release). Evanston, Illinois. Retrieved 2015-11-25.
- Biography, bills and committees at the 98th Illinois General Assembly
- Illinois State Senator Daniel Biss legislative website
- Senator Daniel Biss at Illinois Senate Democrats
- Daniel Biss for State Senate campaign website