Daniel C. Drucker

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Daniel Drucker
Born
Daniel Charles Drucker

(1918-06-03)June 3, 1918
DiedSeptember 1, 2001(2001-09-01) (aged 83)
Alma materColumbia University, B.S. 1938, Ph.D. 1940
AwardsTheodore von Karman Medal (1966)
William Prager Medal (1983)
Timoshenko Medal (1983)
John Fritz Medal (1985)
National Medal of Science (1988)
ASME Medal (1992)
Drucker Medal (1998)
Scientific career
FieldsMechanical Engineering
InstitutionsBrown University
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
University of Florida

Daniel Charles Drucker (June 3, 1918 – September 1, 2001) was American civil and mechanical engineer and academic, who served as president of the Society for Experimental Stress Analysis (now Society for Experimental Mechanics) in 1960–1961,[1] as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in the year 1973–74, and as president of the American Academy of Mechanics in 1981–82.[2]

Drucker was known as an authority on the theory of plasticity in the field of applied mechanics. His key contributions to the field of plasticity include the concept of material stability described by the Drucker stability postulates and the Drucker–Prager yield criterion.

Biography[edit]

Youth and education[edit]

Drucker was born in New York City. His father Moses Abraham Drucker was a civil engineer, and Drucker wanted to follow in his footsteps.[3]

Drucker studied at the Columbia University, where he obtained his BSc in civil engineering in 1938. Next, in 1940 he obtained his PhD in mechanical engineering under Raymond D. Mindlin.[3]

Career, honours and awards[edit]

Drucker taught at Brown University from 1946 until 1968 when he joined the University of Illinois as Dean of Engineering.[4] In 1984 he left Illinois to become a graduate research professor at the University of Florida until his retirement in 1994.

He received the Murray Lecture and Award in 1967,[5] title the seventh Honorary Member in 1969,[6] Frocht Award in 1971[7] and title of Fellow[8] from the Society for Strain Analysis (SESA), now known as the Society for Experimental Mechanics (SEM). In 1988, Drucker was awarded the National Medal of Science.[9] He was a member of the National Academy of Engineering[10] and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. The Drucker Medal is named in his honor.[11] He was also awarded the Timoshenko Medal in 1983.

Daniel C. Drucker Medal[edit]

The Daniel C. Drucker Medal, awarded by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, was named in his honor in 1998. [12] Drucker was the first recipient of this annual award.

Death[edit]

Drucker died from leukemia on September 1, 2001.[14]

Selected publications[edit]

  • An evaluation of current knowledge of the mechanics of brittle fracture
  • Constitutive relations for finite deformation of polycrystalline metals : proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium, held in Beijing, China, July 22–25, 1991
  • Fracture of solids : proceedings of an international conference sponsored by the Institute of Metals Division, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Maple Valley, Washington, August 21–24, 1962
  • Introduction to mechanics of deformable solids
  • Macroscopic fundamentals in brittle fracture, 1967:
  • Mechanics of material behavior, 1983:
  • On fitting mathematical theories of plasticity to experimental results
  • Plastic design methods - advantages and limitations
  • Stress analysis by three-dimensional photoclastic methods
  • Stress-strain relations in the plastic range : a survey of theory and experiment

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Old and New…: A Narrative on the History of the Society for Experimental Mechanics". ieeexplore.ieee.org. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  2. ^ Charles E. Taylor. "DR. DANIEL C. DRUCKER 1918-2001: AAM President 1981-82," at coewww.rutgers.edu. Accessed 2017-09-23.
  3. ^ a b G.J. Dvorak, R.T. Shield. Mechanics of Material Behavior: The Daniel C. Drucker Anniversary Volume, 2016. p. 1
  4. ^ "DANIEL C. DRUCKER 1918–2001". NAE Website. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  5. ^ "Society for Experimental Mechanics". sem.org. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  6. ^ "Society for Experimental Mechanics". sem.org. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  7. ^ "Society for Experimental Mechanics". sem.org. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  8. ^ "Society for Experimental Mechanics". sem.org. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  9. ^ National Science Foundation - The President's National Medal of Science
  10. ^ "Dr. Daniel C. Drucker". NAE Website. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  11. ^ "Daniel C. Drucker Medal". www.asme.org. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  12. ^ Offizielle Webseite
  13. ^ "2019 Daniel C. Drucker Medal - Professor John Bassani". imechanica.org. 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2019-07-07.
  14. ^ "American Academy of Mechanics Obituary". Archived from the original on 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2008-01-09.

External links[edit]