Daniel C. Roper

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Daniel C. Roper
Daniel Calhoun Roper npcc01037.jpg
7th United States Secretary of Commerce
In office
March 4, 1933 – December 23, 1938
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Roy D. Chapin
Succeeded by Harry L. Hopkins
5th United States Ambassador to Canada
In office
May 19, 1939 – August 20, 1939
President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Norman Armour
Succeeded by James H. R. Cromwell
Personal details
Born April 1, 1867
Marlboro County,
South Carolina, United States
Died April 11, 1943 (aged 76)
Washington, D.C., United States
Resting place Rock Creek Cemetery,
Washington, D.C., United States
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Lou McKenzie Roper
(m. 1889 - 1943, his death)
Children Margaret May Roper
James Hunter Roper
Daniel Calhoun Roper, Jr.
Grace Henrietta Roper
John Welsey Roper II
Harry McKenzie Roper
Richard Frederick Roper
Alma mater Duke University
Profession Government
Religion Methodist

Daniel Calhoun Roper (April 1, 1867 – April 11, 1943) was a U.S. administrator who served as the 7th United States Secretary of Commerce under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and was the 5th United States Ambassador to Canada from May 19, 1939 until August 20, 1939.

Biography[edit]

Daniel Calhoun Roper was born in Marlboro County, South Carolina to John Wesley Roper who was the leader of the 18th Regiment of North Carolina troops in the Confederate Army. After two years at Woffard College Roper attended Duke University (then called "Trinity College") and received an A.B. in 1888, and he received his bachelor of laws degree from National University in 1901.

On December 25, 1889, Roper married Lou McKenzie. They had seven children: Margaret May, James Hunter, Daniel Calhoun, Jr., Grace Henrietta, John Welsey Roper II (future Vice admiral), Harry McKenzie (future Major general) and Richard Frederick Roper.

Roper taught school for four years and then, in 1892 at the age of 25, was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives where he served for two years. He moved to Washington and worked as a clerk for the U.S. Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce. From 1900 to 1910, he worked for the Census Bureau, and then served as the clerk of the Committee on Ways and Means in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1911 to 1913.

Immediately following and through 1916, he served as first assistant postmaster general, and was chairman of Woodrow Wilson's reelection campaign in 1916. He was the chairman of the 1917 U.S. Tariff Commission and served as Commissioner of Internal Revenue from 1917 to 1920. He was a member of the District of Columbia Board of Education in 1931-32.

Secretary of Commerce[edit]

He was the U.S. Secretary of Commerce from 1933 until 1938, during which time he played a major role in the rollout of the New Deal. The National Recovery Administration (NRA) was a part of his portfolio until it was struck down by the Supreme Court in 1935.

Later Career[edit]

Roper was the U.S. Ambassador to Canada, from May 19, 1939 until August 20, 1939.

Roper's Letter of Credence was accepted personally by George VI, King of Canada, at La Citadelle in Quebec City, on May 17, 1939. It was the King's first official duty as King of Canada on Canadian soil.[1]

In 1941, and he published his autobiography entitled Fifty Years of Public Life.

He died on April 11, 1943, at his home in Washington, D.C., at the aged of 76 from leukemia.[2] Roper was interred at the Rock Creek Cemetery in Washington, D.C.. In 1966, the District of Columbia Public School system named a middle school in Deanwood for him, but in 1997 they renamed it for Ronald Brown, who was also a Commerce Secretary.[3] That school was closed in 2013 and now sits vacant.[4]

Political offices
Preceded by
Roy D. Chapin
U.S. Secretary of Commerce
Served under: Franklin D. Roosevelt

March 4, 1933 – December 23, 1938
Succeeded by
Harry L. Hopkins
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Norman Armour
U.S. Ambassador to Canada
1939
Succeeded by
James H.R. Cromwell

References[edit]

External links[edit]