July 19, 1930 |
|Fields||Bioethics, philosophy, ethics, medical ethics, health policy|
|Alma mater||Harvard University (Ph.D.)
Georgetown University (M.A.)
Yale University (B.A.)
Daniel Callahan (born July 19, 1930) is an American philosopher in the field of biomedical ethics.
Life and career
Daniel Callahan was born in Washington, D.C. on July 19, 1930.
In high school Callahan was a swimmer and chose to attend Yale University because of its competitive swimming program. While at Yale, he was drawn to interdisciplinary studies and graduated in 1952 with a double degree in English and Philosophy. He received the M.A. degree from Georgetown University in 1956 and the Ph.D. in philosophy from Harvard in 1965.
From 1961 to 1968, Callahan worked as executive editor of Commonweal, a Catholic journal of opinion. He also was a researcher for the Population Council, receiving grants from the Council and the Ford Foundation in 1968 to study ethical issues in family planning and population control.
Daniel Callahan is a Senior Research Scholar and President Emeritus of the Hastings Center, a nonpartisan bioethics research institution he cofounded with Willard Gaylin in 1969. Callahan served as the center's president from its inception to September 1, 1996. He currently co-directs the Yale-Hastings Program in Ethics and Health Policy. Dr. Callahan is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences; a former member of the Director's Advisory Committee, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and of the Advisory Council, Office of Scientific Responsibility, Department of Health and Human Services. He was awarded the Freedom and Scientific Responsibility Award of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1996.
He is the author or editor of 41 books, including Taming the Beloved Beast: Why Medical Technology Costs are Destroying Our Health Care System (Princeton University Press, August 2009); Medicine and the Market: Equity vs. Choice (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006); What Price Better Health? Hazards of the Research Imperative (University of California Press, 2003); False Hopes (Simon & Schuster & Rutgers University Press, 1998); The Troubled Dream of Life: In Search of a Peaceful Death (Simon & Schuster, 1993); What Kind of Life: The Limits of Medical Progress (Simon & Schuster, 1990); Setting Limits: Medical Goals in an Aging Society (1987); The Tyranny of Survival (1973); Abortion: Law, Choice and Morality (1970); Ethics in Hard Times (1982); and, with his wife, Sidney Callahan, Abortion: Understanding Differences (1984). He has contributed articles to Daedalus, Harpers, The Atlantic, the New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of the American Medical Association, The New Republic, Health Affairs, and other journals. Over the years his research and writing have covered a wide range of issues, from the beginning until the end of life. In recent years, he has focused his attention on ethics and health policy.
In 1955 Callahan married Sidney DeShazo. They have six children, five boys and one girl.
- "Daniel Callahan". Gale Encyclopedia of Biography. The Gale Group, Inc. 2006.
- "Daniel Callahan". Encyclopedia of World Biography. Thomson Gale. 2004.
- Daniel Callahan Director of international programs www.The futureoflife.com The hasting center www.thefutureoflife.com/speakers/callahan.htm
- Giovanna Breu (August 12, 1985). "Pro-Choice Vs. Pro-Life Is a Moral Dilemma, Says Daniel Callahan: We Carry Both Traditions Within Us". People magazine.
- In honour of Daniel Callahan: A medieval disputation on bioethics www.Acessmyliabry.com November 01, 1996. Humane care international. Margaret A. Somerville
- " Daniel Callahan, Ph.D" www. the hastingcenter.org Web www.thehastingscenter.org/About/Staff/Detail.aspx?id=1282
- "Daniel Callahan" www.cpbn.org Yale-Hasting program in Ethics and health policy www.cpbn.org/profile/daniel-callahan
- Hastings Center bio
- A film clip "The Open Mind - A Recipe for Failure: America's Quest for Perfect Health, Part I (September 27, 2007)" is available at the Internet Archive
- A film clip "The Open Mind - A Recipe for Failure: America's Quest for Perfect Health, Part II (September 27, 2007)" is available at the Internet Archive