Daniel Cruger

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Daniel Cruger (December 22, 1780 in Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania – July 12, 1843 in Wheeling, then Virginia, now Ohio County, West Virginia) was an American newspaper publisher, lawyer and politician who served as a United States Representative from New York.

Early and family life[edit]

Daniel Cruger was born in Sunbury, Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Daniel Cruger, Sr. and Elizabeth (née Wheaton) Cruger. He married twice. His first wife, Hannah (née Clement) Cruger, died in 1831. His second wife, Lydia Boggs Shepherd, was the wealthy widow of Moses Sheperd who was a man contractor of the National Road. They married on July 16, 1833 in Ohio County, Virginia (now West Virginia).

Early career and military service[edit]

Cruger learned the printer's trade, and published the Owego Democrat in Owego, New York. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1805, and commenced practice in Bath, New York. Cruger served as a major in the War of 1812.

Political career[edit]

He was a member from Allegany and Steuben Counties of the New York State Assembly from 1814 to 1816, and again from Steuben County in 1826. Cruger served as Speaker during 1816.

Cruger was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fifteenth Congress, and served from March 4, 1817 to March 3, 1819.

He was District Attorney of the Seventh District of New York from 1815 to 1818, and of Steuben County, New York from 1818 to 1821. Afterwards he resumed the practice of law.

Daniel Cruger is buried at the Stone Church Cemetery in Wheeling, West Virginia.


Political offices
Preceded by
Samuel Young
Speaker of the New York State Assembly
Succeeded by
David Woods
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Daniel Avery,
Oliver C. Comstock
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 20th congressional district

with Oliver C. Comstock
Succeeded by
Caleb Baker,
Jonathan Richmond