October 20, 1785|
Plainfield, New Jersey, US
November 5, 1852 (aged 67)|
Cincinnati, Ohio, US
|Resting place||Spring Grove Cemetery|
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania|
Drake was born in Plainfield, New Jersey to Isaac Drake and Elizabeth Shotwell. He was the elder brother of Benjamin Drake, author of Life of Tecumseh. Daniel Drake "was predestined for the medical profession by his father. The latter, we are told by those who knew him, was a gentleman by nature and a Christian from convictions produced by a simple and unaffected study of the Word of God. His poverty he regretted, his ignorance he deplored."
Drake studied under William Goforth in Cincinnati from 1800 to 1805, and received the first medical diploma west of the Allegheny Mountains. Daniel graduated from the medical school of the University of Pennsylvania and established a medical practice in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1807.
He mainly worked on the field of medicine but also advocated social reforms and contributed to geology, botany, and meteorology, and medical geology. He is considered a relevant figure in the history of medicine in the United States. Scholar Gert H. Brieger has called him "a heroic figure in American medicine" whose fame is due to his writings, where he also tried to improve medical education and scientific research.
In 1818 Drake was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society. The library of the AAS holds original copies of around thirty texts written by Drake. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1819.
In 1819 he helped organize the Medical College of Ohio in Cincinnati which later became the University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, where he served as a President. He secured a state appropriation for its support and that of a hospital.
In 1827 he founded the Western Journal of the Medical and Physical Sciences, which he continued to edit until 1848. In 1846 he, William Maclay Awl and other members of the Ohio medical profession established the Ohio State Medical Society. He was a founding member of the Commercial Hospital and Lunatic Asylum in Ohio, and a fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. He was connected, either as a lecturer or professor, at different times, at the University of Louisville (Louisville, Kentucky) and Jefferson Medical College (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). He was Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine at Transylvania University. In 1852, he rejoined the faculty at the Medical College of Ohio but died a few days after receiving his appointment. He is buried at Spring Grove Cemetery.
He was the father of Charles Daniel Drake. Drake's home was located at 429 East Third Street in Cincinnati.
William Osler was a great admirer of Drake:
"It was his custom when he met anyone from Cincinnati to ask if a statue to Daniel Drake had been erected, for he had made a vow never to visit that city until Drake had been accorded the honour which was his due."
- Notices Concerning Cincinnati (1810; 1908)
- Natural and statistical view; or picture of Cincinnati and the Miami country (1815)
- An account of the epidemic cholera : as it appeared in Cincinnati (1832)
- Practical treatise on the history, prevention, and treatment of epidemic cholera (1832)
- Practical Essays on Medical Education (1832)
- An introductory lecture on the means of promoting the intellectual improvement of the students and physicians of the valley of the Mississippi (1844)
- Systematic Treatise on the Principal Diseases of the Interior Valley of North America, (1850-54)
- Pioneer Life in Kentucky: A series of reminiscential letters from Daniel Drake ... to his children (1870); edited by his son Charles D. Drake
- "Drake, Daniel 1785-1852". OCLC WorldCat. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- Horine, Emmet Field (1961). Daniel Drake, 1785-1852: pioneer physician of the Midwest. University of Pennsylvania Press.
- Mansfield, Edward Deering (2009). Memoirs of the Life and Services of Daniel Drake, M.D. Applewood Books. p. 44. ISBN 9781429021968.
- Goss, Charles Frederic (1912). Cincinnati, the Queen City, 1788-1912. 2. Cincinnati: S J Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 222–223.
- Grace, Kevin (4 January 2012). Legendary Locals of Cincinnati. Arcadia Publishing. p. 10. Retrieved 2013-05-07.
- Welch, William Henry. Papers and Addresses, Volume 3. Johns Hopkins Press. p. 427.
- Brieger, Gert H. (2009). "Daniel Drake". Medical America in the Nineteenth Century: Readings from the Literature. JHU Press.
- Klotter, James C.; Rowland, Daniel (2012). Bluegrass Renaissance: The History and Culture of Central Kentucky, 1792-1852. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 227–228.
- "MemberListD - American Antiquarian Society". American Antiquarian Society. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
- "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter D" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- Annals of Internal Medicine. American College of Physicians. 37 (1): 638. 1952. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-37-3-631. Missing or empty
- Beck, John Brodhead (1828). The New York Medical and Physical Journal. 7: 613. Missing or empty
- "Daniel Drake". Ohio History Central. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- Stradling, David (1 October 2003). Cincinnati: From River City to Highway Metropolis. Arcadia Publishing. p. 35. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
- Drake, Daniel (1834). Discourse on the History, Character, and Prospects of the West: Delivered to the Union Literary Society of Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, at Their Ninth Anniversary, September 23, 1834. Truman and Smith. p. 31
- Juettner, p. 10.
- W.R.Bett, Osler: The Man and the Legend, Heinemann, London 1951, p.89.
- Squier, E.G. (1848). Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. p. 43.
- IPNI. D.Drake.
- Drake, Daniel; ed. by Henry D. Shapiro. Physician to the West: selected writings of Daniel Drake on science & society, University Press of Kentucky, 1970.
- Bay, J. Christian (January 1933). "Dr. Daniel Drake, 1785-1852". Filson Club History Quarterly. 7 (1). Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-11-29.
- Juettner, Otto (1909). Daniel Drake and his Followers. Harvey Publishing.
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