Daniel Dulany the Elder
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|Member, Maryland General Assembly|
1722 – c.1742
|Member, Governor's Council|
|Judge of Admiralty|
Queen's County, Ireland
|Relations||Daniel Dulany the Younger (son)|
Daniel Dulany the Elder (1685–1753) was a prominent lawyer and land-developer in colonial Maryland, who held a number of colonial offices. In 1722 Dulany wrote a pamphlet entitled The Right of the Inhabitants of Maryland, to the Benefit of the English Laws, asserting the rights of Marylanders over the Proprietary Government.
Dulany was born in Upperwoods, County Queens, Ireland about 1685. In November 1702, a flotilla of merchantmen, known as the "Armada of 100 ships" Sailed for the Chesapeake Bay, arriving in March, 1703. Dulany, along with two older brothers (William and Joseph) landing at Port Tobacco, and became indentured to Colonel George Plater II for a three-year period. Plater put Dulany to work as a law clerk. In 1706, after the indenture was over, Dulany traveled to London, in order to study law.
At that time the Province of Maryland was under the proprietary governorship of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore. Lord Baltimore vetoed a bill in 1722 which the General Assembly had passed in order to bring the colony fully under all English statute law. Dulany led protests against this, writing a pamphlet entitled "The Right of the Inhabitants of Maryland, to the Benefit of the English Laws".
Border Dispute with Pennsylvania
In the 1730s, under the rule of Governor Samuel Ogle, Maryland became engaged in a border dispute with Pennsylvania. Several settlers were taken prisoners on both sides and Penn sent a committee to Governor Ogle to resolve the situation. Rioting broke out in the disputed territory and Ogle appealed to the King for resolution. In 1736 Ogle dispatched Dulany to Philadelphia in order to negotiate the release of a number of imprisoned Marylanders, though without success, and the border warfare continued.
Lawyer, planter, land developer
Dulany became wealthy from his legal practice, and through the 1720s began to accumulate and develop land. He advertised for tenants to settle his land in Baltimore, Kent and Prince Georges county, paying with tobacco, corn or wheat. He is credited with the founding of Frederick.
Family and legacy
Dulany married three times. First to Charity Courts Smallwood, widow of Bayne Smallwood, Charity died one year after wedding Daniel. By his second wife Rebecca Smith, the daughter of Colonel Walter Smith, he had a large family, not atypical for the time:
- Daniel Dulany the Younger (1722–1797), a noted Maryland Loyalist, Mayor of Annapolis, who played a prominent role in Maryland during the American Revolution.
- Walter Dulany, who would also become Mayor of Annapolis.
- Margaret, who married Alexander Hamilton (Maryland doctor) in 1747.
Daniel married a third time to Henrietta Maria Chew, a widow. By her he had:
Dulany died on December 5, 1753 in Annapolis. At the time of his death he owned 47,000 acres (190 km2) of land.
- In 1672, Lord Baltimore created the post of Commissary General, that official with administrative and judicial responsibility for all colonial Maryland probate matters. In 1777, during the American Revolution, the Maryland Legislature created the still-current Orphans' Court and abolished the Commissary General
- Warfield, Joshua Dorsey (July 1905). The Founders of Anne Arundel And Howard Counties, Maryland. Baltimore, Maryland: Kohn & Pollock. p. 208. ISBN 0-8063-7971-5.
- Andrews, p230
- "Advertisements". The Maryland Gazette. 8 April 1729.
- Warfield, J. D., p. 184, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland Retrieved November 2010
- Wright, Edward F., p.8, Maryland Calendar of Wills, Volume 11: 1753-1760 Retrieved November 2010
- Andrews, Matthew Page, History of Maryland, Doubleday, New York (1929)
- Land, Aubrey C. The Dulanys of Maryland: A Biographical Study of Daniel Dulany, the Elder (1685-1753), and Daniel Dulany, the Younger (1722-1797). Baltimore, Maryland Historical Society: 1955.