Daniel Dulany the Younger
|Mayor of Annapolis|
|Preceded by||George H. Steuart|
|Succeeded by||John Ross|
|Member, Maryland Assembly|
|Member, Governor's Council|
|Born||28 June 1722|
|Died||17 March 1797|
|Relations||Daniel Dulany the Elder (father)|
|Alma mater||Clare College, Cambridge|
Daniel Dulany the Younger (June 28, 1722 – March 17, 1797) was a Maryland Loyalist politician, Mayor of Annapolis, and an influential American lawyer in the period immediately before the American Revolution. His pamphlet Considerations on the Propriety of Imposing Taxes in the British Colonies, which argued against taxation without representation, has been described as "the ablest effort of this kind produced in America".
Daniel Dulany was born on June 28, 1722 in Annapolis, Maryland, into a family steeped in law and politics. His father was the wealthy lawyer and public official Daniel Dulany the Elder (1685–1753). His brother Walter Dulany would also go on to be Mayor of Annapolis.
Like many sons of wealthy Maryland families, Dulany was sent to England to be educated, at Eton College and Clare College, Cambridge. In 1742 he enrolled to study law at Middle Temple, and was called to the English Bar before he returned to Maryland.
Dulany's skill as a lawyer was widely regarded, though as a result of his support for the Crown during the Revolution his reputation would not endure after the war. Fellow lawyer and politician William Pinkney regarded him as the peer of any lawyer in America or England, declaring that "even among such men as Fox, Pitt and Sheridan, he had not found his superior".
In 1753 his father died, and the younger Dulany inherited the family's extensive estates, thereby becoming wealthy in his own right.
Dulany was a member of the Maryland legislative assembly from 1751 to 1754, he was appointed to the Governor's Council (1757–76) in recognition of his support for the colony's proprietary government. In 1751 Dulany was elected to the Maryland General Assembly to represent Frederick County. He served for three years. In 1764, Dulany became Mayor of Annapolis.
Dulany labored on behalf of the Lower House in the Proprietary Government, and it was largely through his efforts that the Lower House eventually won its 40-year struggle to control the application of fines and fees by the Proprietary Government, earning him the resentment of Governor Horatio Sharpe.
Coming of Revolution
Although Dulany would not go on to support the overthrow of British rule in Maryland, he was a noted opposer of the Stamp Act 1765, and wrote the noted pamphlet Considerations on the Propriety of Imposing Taxes in the British Colonies which argued against taxation without representation. The pamphlet has been described as "the ablest effort of this kind produced in America", and may have provided at least some of the material for the speech given by Pitt in Parliament the following year. In the pamphlet, Dulany summarized his position as follows: "There may be a time when redress may not be obtained. Till then, I shall recommend a legal, orderly, and prudent resentment". Soon after the publication of this pamphlet, he was made a member of the American Philosophical Society through his election in 1768.
Despite this open and articulate opposition to the Stamp Act, Dulany remained a loyalist, and in that vein engaged in a famous newspaper discussion with Charles Carroll of Carrollton. In these debates, both men adopted pseudonyms, Dulany being "Antillon", and Carroll "First Citizen". Charles Carroll, then relatively unknown, adopted the more populist argument, claiming that the government of Maryland had long been the monopoly of four families, the Ogles, the Taskers, the Bladens and the Dulanys. Dulany took the contrary view. Eventually word spread of the true identity of the two combatants, and Carroll's fame and notoriety began to grow. Eventually Dulany resorted to highly personal ad hominem attacks on "First Citizen", and Carroll responded, in statesmanlike fashion, with considerable restraint, arguing that when Antilles engaged in "virulent invective and illiberal abuse, we may fairly presume, that arguments are either wanting, or that ignorance or incapacity know not how to apply them".
Eventually, as war became inevitable, Dulany found his essentially moderate position untenable and he found himself forced to choose sides. Dulany was not able to rebel against the Crown he and his family had served so long. He believed that protest rather than force should furnish the solution to America's problems, and that legal process, logic, and the "prudent" exercise of "agreements" would eventually prevail upon the British to concede the colonists' demands.
Post-Revolution life and death
As a Loyalist, most of Dulany's substantial property was confiscated in 1781. He died March 17, 1797, in Baltimore.
- "Dulany, Daniel (DLNY738D)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Andrews, p.283
- Andrews, p.284
- Bell, Whitfield J., and Charles Greifenstein, Jr. Patriot-Improvers: Biographical Sketches of Members of the American Philosophical Society. 3 vols. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1997, 3:264–271.
- Williamson, Claude, p.247, Great Catholics, Williamson Press (March 15, 2007) Retrieved November 2010
- Warfield, J. D., p. 215, The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland Retrieved November 2010
- McClanahan, Brion T., p.203, The Politically Incorrect Guide to the Founding Fathers Retrieved November 2010
- Andrews, Matthew Page, History of Maryland, Doubleday, New York (1929)
- Land, Aubrey C. The Dulanys of Maryland: A Biographical Study of Daniel Dulany, the Elder (1685–1753), and Daniel Dulany, the Younger (1722–1797). Baltimore, Maryland Historical Society: 1955.