Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea

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The Earl of Winchilsea

Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, by Thomas Worlidge.jpg
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham (Thomas Worlidge)
Lord President of the Council
In office
12 July 1765 – 30 July 1766
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded byThe Duke of Bedford
Succeeded byThe Earl of Northington
Member of the England Parliament
for Rutland
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born
Daniel Finch

(1689-05-24)24 May 1689
Died2 August 1769(1769-08-02) (aged 80)
Resting placeEastwell, Kent, England
Spouse(s)
  • Frances Feilding
  • Mary Palmer
Children5 daughters
Parents

Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea and 3rd Earl of Nottingham, KG, PC (24 May 1689 – 2 August 1769) was a British politician.

Early life[edit]

Burley House

Styled Lord Finch until 1730, he was the eldest son of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, and his second wife Anne Hatton, daughter of Christopher Hatton, 1st Viscount Hatton. His father was a prominent Tory politician who had been one of the few leading Tories to actively support the Hanoverian succession. He succeeded to his fathers titles and his estate at Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland in 1730.[1]

Career[edit]

As Lord Finch, he was elected when only 21 as Member of Parliament for Rutland. He remained its member until he succeeded to the Earldom in 1730, also serving as comptroller of the royal household from 1725 to 1730. Winchilsea supported the creation of London's Foundling Hospital, a charity providing home and education for some of the capital's many abandoned children. Winchilsea was one of the original governors for this organisation, founded in 1739.

Although his father had been a supporter of Walpole, Winchilsea became instead a supporter of Lord Carteret in the so-called "Patriot Opposition". When Carteret became leading minister in 1742, Winchilsea joined as well, becoming First Lord of the Admiralty (1742–1744). Later on, he allied himself with Newcastle and the Old Whigs, and served as Lord President in the Rockingham administration (1765–1766).

He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1752.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Portrait of Mary Palmer, Countess of Winchilsea and Nottingham (c. 1712–57), by Enoch Seeman.

He first married Lady Frances Feilding, daughter of Basil Feilding, 4th Earl of Denbigh and Hester Firebrace, with whom he had a daughter:[1]

  • Lady Charlotte Finch, who died unmarried.[1]

He later married Mary Palmer, the second daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Palmer, 4th Baronet, of Wingham and Elizabeth Marsham (sister of Robert Marsham, 1st Baron Romney and daughter of Sir Robert Marsham, 4th Baronet. They had eight daughters, only four of whom survived to adulthood, including:[1]

  • Lady Heneage Finch (d. 1820), who married, as his second wife, Maj.-Gen. Sir George Osborn, 4th Baronet, in 1788.[1]
  • Lady Essex Finch, who died unmarried.[1]
  • Lady Hatton Finch (d. 1829), who died unmarried.[1]
  • Lady Augusta Finch (d. 1797), who died unmarried.[2] He lived at Eastwell Park.

He died in 1769 and was buried at Eastwell. His titles, together with his estates at Burley-on-the-Hill and elsewhere, passed to his nephew George Finch, son of his brother, the diplomat William.[1] He left his Kentish properties, such as Eastwell Park, to his other nephew George Finch-Hatton, son of his brother Edward.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Winchilsea, Earl of (E, 1628)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ The New Peerage; Or, Present State of the Nobility of England, 1769, p77

External links[edit]

Coat of arms of Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Richard Halford
The Earl of Harborough
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1710–1730
With: John Noel 1710–1711, 1715–1719
Richard Halford 1711–1713
The Lord Sherard 1713–1715
Marquess of Granby 1719–1721
Sir Thomas Mackworth, Bt 1721–1727
John Noel 1727–1728
Thomas Noel 1728–1730
Succeeded by
William Burton
Thomas Noel
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Methuen
Comptroller of the Household
1725–1730
Succeeded by
Sir Conyers Darcy
Preceded by
Sir Charles Wager
First Lord of the Admiralty
1742–1744
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bedford
Preceded by
The Earl Temple
First Lord of the Admiralty
1757
Succeeded by
The Lord Anson
Preceded by
The Duke of Bedford
Lord President of the Council
1765–1766
Succeeded by
The Earl of Northington
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle
Senior Privy Counsellor
1768–1769
Succeeded by
The Duke of Queensberry and Dover
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Daniel Finch
Earl of Winchilsea
1730–1769
Succeeded by
George Finch
Earl of Nottingham
7th creation
1730–1769
Viscount Maidstone
1730–1769
Baron Finch of Daventry
1730–1769
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Daniel Finch
Baronet
(of Raunston, Buckinghamshire)
1730–1769
Succeeded by
George Finch
Baronet
(of Eastwell, Kent)
1730–1769