Daniel Goldston

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Daniel Goldston
Daniel Goldston.jpg
Born (1954-01-04) January 4, 1954 (age 68)
Alma materUniversity of California, Berkeley
Known forGPY theorem in number theory
AwardsCole Prize (2014)
Scientific career
InstitutionsSan Jose State University
ThesisLarge differences between consecutive prime numbers (1981)
Doctoral advisorRussell Lehman
InfluencedYitang Zhang

Daniel Alan Goldston (born January 4, 1954 in Oakland, California) is an American mathematician who specializes in number theory. He is currently a professor of mathematics at San Jose State University.

Early life and education[edit]

Daniel Alan Goldston was born on January 4, 1954 in Oakland, California. In 1972, he matriculated to the University of California, Berkeley, where he earned his bachelor's degree and, in 1981, a Ph.D. in mathematics. His doctoral advisor at Berkeley was Russell Sherman Lehman; his dissertation was entitled "Large Differences between Consecutive Prime Numbers".[1]


After earning his doctorate, Goldston worked at the University of Minnesota Duluth and then spent the next academic year (1982–83) at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton. He has worked at San Jose State University since 1983, save for stints at the IAS (1990), the University of Toronto (1994), and the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute in Berkeley (1999).


Goldston is best known for the following result that he, János Pintz, and Cem Yıldırım proved in 2005:[2]

where denotes the nth prime number. In other words, for every , there exist infinitely many pairs of consecutive primes and which are closer to each other than the average distance between consecutive primes by a factor of , i.e., .

This result was originally reported in 2003 by Goldston and Yıldırım but was later retracted.[3][4] Then Pintz joined the team and they completed the proof in 2005.

In fact, if they assume the Elliott–Halberstam conjecture, then they can also show that primes within 16 of each other occur infinitely often, which is related to the twin prime conjecture.


In 2014, Goldston won the Cole Prize, shared with Yitang Zhang and colleagues Cem Yildirim and János Pintz, for his contributions to number theory.[1] Also, Goldston was named to the 2021 class of fellows of the American Mathematical Society "for contributions to analytic number theory".[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "2014 Cole Prize in Number Theory" (PDF). American Mathematical Society. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  2. ^ Goldston, D. A.; Pintz, J.; Yildirim, C. Y. (2005). "Primes in Tuples I". arXiv:math/0508185.
  3. ^ "Bounded gaps between primes | American Inst. Of Mathematics".
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-20. Retrieved 2009-03-31.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ 2021 Class of Fellows of the AMS, American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2020-11-02

External links[edit]