Daniel Harrison House

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Daniel Harrison House
Daniel Harrison House in Dayton.jpg
Front and southeastern side of the house
Daniel Harrison House is located in Virginia
Daniel Harrison House
Daniel Harrison House is located in the United States
Daniel Harrison House
LocationNE of Dayton on VA 42, Dayton, Virginia
Coordinates38°25′4″N 78°56′10″W / 38.41778°N 78.93611°W / 38.41778; -78.93611Coordinates: 38°25′4″N 78°56′10″W / 38.41778°N 78.93611°W / 38.41778; -78.93611
Area9.9 acres (4.0 ha)
Built1748 (1748)
Built byHarrison, Daniel
NRHP reference #73002056[1]
VLR #206-0001
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJuly 24, 1973
Designated VLRJune 19, 1973[2]

Daniel Harrison House, also known as Fort Harrison, is a historic home located near Dayton, Rockingham County, Virginia. It was built in 1748, and is a two-story, three bay limestone dwelling with a brick extension added in the early 1800s. It has a steep gable roof and wide chimney caps. It was originally surrounded by a palisade and stories of an underground passage to the nearby spring. During the French and Indian War, the legislature of Virginia designed the house "Fort Harrison." The house is one of the oldest in the Shenandoah Valley, and is closely associated with the early history of Rockingham County.[3]

Captain Daniel Harrison was one of the first to use the plentiful supply of limestone for building. His stone house is referred to in one of his first deeds dated February 28, 1749 in Rockingham County Deed Book 2, p. 586 - "Daniel Harrison, Gent. to Arthur Johnson, 190 acres; 10 acres; Cook's Creek–Harrison's stonehouse". Captain Harrison was appointed along with brother John and Robert Cravens as overseer by the Court of Orange County in 1745 to lay out and clear the old Indian Road – "The Long Grey Trail" – through what is now Rockingham County. This was destined to be the most traveled highway in the Shenandoah Valley. In 1751 Daniel became Under Sheriff of Augusta County[4]

Fort Harrison is open to the public on Friday and Saturday in the summer and by appointment.

It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.[1]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
  3. ^ Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (February 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Daniel Harrison House". Virginia Department of Historic Resources.
  4. ^ Harrison, J. Houston (1975), Settlers by the Long Grey Trail, Genealogical Publ. Co., p. 197.

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