Daniel John Cunningham

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Daniel John Cunningham
Cunningham grave, Dean Cemetery

Daniel John Cunningham M.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.R.S.E. (15 April 1850, Crieff – 23 July 1909) was a Scottish physician, zoologist, and anatomist, famous for Cunningham's Text-book of Anatomy and Cunningham's Manual of Practical Anatomy.[1]


Cunningham was educated at Crieff Academy and the University of Edinburgh, where he attained his M.D. in 1876. From 1883–1903 he held the Chair of Anatomy at Trinity College, Dublin. From 1903 until his death he was Professor of Anatomy at the University of Edinburgh.[2][3] His Text-book of Anatomy was first published in 1902 and went through 15 editions under various editors; the first three editions were prepared under Cunningham's editorship.

He was at various times President of the Royal Zoological Society of Ireland, Secretary and vice-President of the Royal Dublin Society and President of the Anatomical Society (1893-95). He was elected a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland, the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, the Royal Society (1891) and the Royal Society of Edinburgh. [4]

He is buried with his wife and children near the eastern side of Dean Cemetery in Edinburgh close to the Dean Gallery entrance.


In 1878, he married Elizabeth Cumming, eldest daughter of Andrew Browne, minister of the parish of Beith in Ayrshire, and had by her three sons and two daughters.[5] His two younger sons were Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, and General Sir Alan Cunningham, both decorated veterans of World War II.

Cunningham's daughter married Edwin Bramwell (1873-1952), a prominent neurologist and son of Byrom Bramwell.[6]


  1. ^ Kaufman, Matthew H. (Feb 2008). "Daniel John Cunningham (1850–1909)". J Med Biogr 16 (1): 30–35. doi:10.1258/jmb.2006.006058. PMID 18463062. 
  2. ^ "Obit. Daniel John Cunningham, M.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.". J Anat Physiol. 44 (pt 1): 1–3. 1909. PMC 1289218. 
  3. ^ "Cunningham, Daniel John". Who's Who 59: 426. 1907. 
  4. ^ "Obituary-Daniel John Cunningham". JSTOR. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  5. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGibson, George Alexander (1912). "Cunningham, Daniel John". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  6. ^ http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/cms/files/fellows/biographical_index/fells_indexp1.pdf

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