Daniel Joseph Bradley
Daniel Joseph Bradley FRS (18 January 1928 – 7 February 2010) was an Irish physicist, and Emeritus Professor of Optical Electronics, at Trinity College, Dublin. He won many awards including the Royal Irish Academy's Cunningham Medal (2001) and the Royal Society's Royal Medal in 1983.
Early life and education
Born on 18 January 1928, he was one of four surviving children of John and Margaret Bradley, Lecky Road, Derry. He left school to work as a telegraph boy but returned to education at St Columb's College. Having trained as a teacher at St Mary's College, Belfast, Northern Ireland, he qualified in 1947.
While teaching in a primary school in Derry he studied for a degree in mathematics as an external student of the University of London, and was awarded a degree in 1953.
Moving to London where he taught mathematics in a grammar school, he decided to register for an evening course at Birkbeck College. His first choice was mathematics but as he already had a degree in the subject the admissions staff suggested that he should study physics, which they said was "a bit like mathematics".
In 1957, after four years of part-time study, he was awarded a BSc in physics by Birkbeck, achieving the highest marks in his final exams in the University of London overall.
Bradley was a pioneer of laser physics, and his work on the development of ultra-fast pulsed lasers added a new and vitally important element to the capabilities of this new type of light source. In particular, working on dye-lasers, he produced pulses of light as short as one picosecond – one picosecond is to a second as a second is to 31,800 years – and his work paved the way for the completely new field of non-linear optical interactions. In addition, he inspired a new generation of laser scientists in Ireland and the UK, many of whom are international leaders in their fields.
He next joined Royal Holloway College as an assistant lecturer and simultaneously enrolled as a PhD student, working on Fabry-Perot etalon-based high-resolution spectroscopy under the supervision of Professor Sam Tolansky, and received a PhD in 1961.
Appointed to a lectureship in the physics department at Imperial College, he set up a research programme in UV solar spectroscopy using rocket technology to reach high altitudes.
In 1963 he began work in laser physics but returned to Royal Holloway College as a reader one year later. In 1966 he was appointed professor and head of department at Queen's University, Belfast.
There he quickly established a space research group of international standing to do high-resolution solar spectroscopy. He attracted significant funding from a variety of agencies, allowing him to build his department into one of the world's leading laser research centres, involving a total of 65 scientists.
However, he left Belfast because of fears for his family's safety as political violence escalated in the early 1970s.
He returned in 1973 to Imperial College to a chair in laser physics, and headed a group in optical physics, laser physics and space optics. He was head of the Physics department from 1976 to 1980 but he was frustrated by cutbacks and a rule governing the ratio of senior to junior positions, one consequence of which was that he was unable to maintain a long-established chair in optical design.
He was also critical of the college administration's handling of some departmental grant applications. He resigned in 1980 and moved to Dublin.
Among his many lasting contributions to laser research in the UK was the setting up of one of the world's leading research facilities for laser research, the Central Laser Facility at the Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory.
Arriving at Trinity College, Dublin, he decided the time was ripe to move on from laser research and development into laser applications. In 1982, with Dr John Kelly, a chemist, and Dr David McConnell, a geneticist, he formed a team which won funding for a project using laser techniques to explore the structure of organic molecules like DNA and proteins.
Unfortunately, however, his work at Trinity was cut short by ill health and he retired in 1984. But his research on semiconductor lasers was carried on, and this work on developing widely tuneable lasers for optical communications systems continues.
In the course of a relatively short academic career he supervised over 60 PhD students, one of whom described his former mentor as an "inspiration" and a "great role-model for any researcher".
- Institute of Physics Young Medal and Prize (1975)
- Royal Society Royal Medal (1982)
- Optical Society of America Charles Hard Townes Medal (1989)
- Royal Irish Academy Cunningham Medal (2001)
- Honorary degrees from the University of Ulster (1983) and Queen's University Belfast (1986).
- "Royal Medal". Retrieved 6 December 2008.
- "BRADLEY, Daniel J. Prof : Death notice". The Irish Times.