Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope
Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope on the left hand side
|Named after||Daniel Inouye|
|Location(s)||Maui, Hawaii, US|
|Organization||Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy|
|Altitude||3,084 m (10,118 ft)|
|Wavelength||380 nm (790 THz)-5,000 nm (60 THz)|
|Built||January 2013 –|
|Telescope style||Gregorian telescope|
|Diameter||4.24 m (13 ft 11 in)|
|Secondary diameter||0.65 m (2 ft 2 in)|
The Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope (DKIST), is a scientific facility for studies of the sun under construction at Haleakala Observatory on the Hawaiian island of Maui named after Daniel K. Inouye, a US Senator for Hawaii. With a planned completion date of 2019, it is expected to become the world's largest solar telescope sporting a 4-meter aperture. The DKIST is funded by National Science Foundation and managed by the National Solar Observatory. Until 2013 it was known as the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST). It is a collaboration of numerous research institutions.
The DKIST shall be capable of observing the Sun in visible to near-infrared wavelengths and will feature a 4.24-meter primary mirror in an off-axis Gregorian configuration that provides a 4-meter clear, unobstructed aperture. Adaptive optics shall correct for atmospheric schlieren in the solar image known as astronomical seeing to enable high-resolution observations of features on the sun as small as 20 km (10 mi). The off-axis, clear aperture design avoids a central obstruction, minimizing scattered light. It also eases operation of adaptive optics and digital image reconstruction such as speckle imaging.
- 1 Construction
- 2 Main telescope structure
- 3 Adaptive Optics & Active Optics
- 4 Instrumentation
- 5 Partners
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The contract to build the telescope was awarded in 2010, with a then-planned completion date of 2017. Physical construction at the DKIST site began in January 2013, and work on the telescope housing was completed in September 2013.
Main telescope structure
The 75 mm thick f/2 primary mirror is a 4.24-meter off-axis section of a 12-meter diameter, f/0.67 concave parabola. It was cast from Zerodur by Schott and polished at the Richard F. Caris Mirror Laboratory of the University of Arizona.
The 0.65-meter secondary mirror, a concave ellipsoid with a focal length of 1 meter, was made from silicon carbide and is mounted on a hexapod to compensate for thermal expansion and bending of the telescope structure keeping the mirror in its optimal position.
Adaptive Optics & Active Optics
DKIST is expected to have five first-generation instruments.
Visible Broadband Imager (VBI)
The VBI is a diffraction-limited two-channel filtergraph each made of an interference filter and a digital scientific CMOS sensor camera that samples the image of the Sun. Each camera features 4k×4k pixels. The interference filters work as a band-pass filter that only transmits a selected wavelength range (i.e. color) of the sunlight. Four different interference filters are available in each channel that are mounted in a motorized fast-change filter wheel.
- 393.327 nm, FWHM: 0.101 nm (Ca II K spectral line, dark-violet)
- 430.520 nm, FWHM: 0.437 nm (G-band, violet)
- 450.287 nm, FWHM: 0.41 nm (blue continuum)
- 486.139 nm, FWHM: 0.0464 nm (H-beta spectral line, turquoise)
- 656.282 nm, FWHM: 0.049 nm (H-alpha spectral line, light-red)
- 668.423 nm, FWHM: 0.442 nm (red continuum)
- 705.839 nm, FWHM: 0.578 nm (Titanium(II) oxide (TiO) spectral line, dark-red)
- 789.186 nm, FWHM: 0.356 nm (Fe XI spectral line)
VBI is fabricated by the National Solar Observatory.
Visible Spectro-Polarimeter (ViSP)
ViSP is fabricated by the High Altitude Observatory.
Visible Tunable Filter (VTF)
VTF is fabricated by the Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik.
Diffraction-Limited Near-InfraRed Spectro-Polarimeter (DL-NIRSP)
Cryogenic Near-InfraRed Spectro-Polarimeter (Cryo-NIRSP)
Cryo-NIRSP is fabricated by Institute for Astronomy (IfA) of the University of Hawaii.
- Corporate Office: Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy
- Funding Agency: National Science Foundation
- Principal Investigator: National Solar Observatory
- Co-Principal Investigators:
- Air Force Research Laboratory
- Bellan Plasma Group, Laboratories of Applied Physics, California Institute of Technology
- Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University at Northridge
- Colorado Research Associates
- Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
- Kiepenheuer-Institut für Sonnenphysik, Freiburg, Germany
- Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory
- Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University
- Department of Physics, Montana State University
- NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
- NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
- Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University
- Instrumentation and Space Research Division, Southwest Research Institute
- W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University
- University of California Los Angeles
- Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego
- Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy and Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, University of Colorado at Boulder
- Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester
- "Solar Telescope Named for Late Senator Inouye". National Solar Observatory. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
- "NSF Selects NSO to Build World's Largest Solar Telescope" (Press release). SpaceRef. 22 January 2010. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
- "Building the DKIST – Image Gallery". dkist.nso.edu. Archived from the original on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
- Durand, Pierrot (2013-09-21), "Work on Dome Completed, say Spanish Companies", French Tribune, retrieved 2013-09-26. (Note that the illustration accompanying the article is a 2012 artist’s rendering of the Thirty Meter Telescope calotte dome, and looks nothing like the actual ATST enclosure.)
- "Primary mirror delivered to Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope" (Press release). National Science Foundation. 3 August 2017. News Release 17-072.
- Loomis, Ilima (4 August 2017). "House of the sun". Science. 357 (6350): 444–447. Bibcode:2017Sci...357..444L. doi:10.1126/science.357.6350.444.
- "Collaborating Institutions". dkist.nso.edu. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- Keil, S. L.; Rimmele, T. R.; Wagner, J.; The ATST team (June 2010). "Advanced Technology Solar Telescope: A status report". Astronomische Nachrichten. 331 (6): 609–614. Bibcode:2010AN....331..609K. doi:10.1002/asna.201011385.
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