August 11, 1831|
Rochester, New Hampshire, United States
|Died||March 18, 1892
Daniel Lothrop (August 11, 1831 – March 18, 1892) was an American publisher.
Daniel Lothrop was born in Rochester, Strafford County, New Hampshire, August 11, 1831, son of Daniel and Sophia (Home) Lothrop, the youngest of three brothers. He was a lineal descendant of John Lowthorpe, who in the thirty-seventh year of Henry VIII (1545) was a gentleman of extensive landed estates, and of Mark Lothrop, his grandson. The latter settled in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1644, and his line joined that of Priscilla Mullens and John Alden of the Mayflower, Daniel Lothrop being in the seventh generation from them. On the maternal side he was a lineal descendant of William Home, of Home's Hill, Dover, New Hampshire, who held his exposed position through the Indian wars, but was killed in the Indian massacre of June 28, 1689. His estate was in the family name from 1662 to the 19th century.
Education and early business ventures
Daniel Lothrop was a diligent student; his aptitude for mathematics was remarkable, and he possessed a singularly retentive memory, so that at fourteen years of age he was fitted for college. But waiting a year, at the advice of friends, who thought him too young to enter, circumstances thrust him into the arena of business, and he assumed the charge of a brother's drug store. His love of books soon led him to introduce the sale of them as an adjunct.
When seventeen years of age, he hired and stocked a drug store in Newmarket, New Hampshire. Having this in successful operation, he called a third brother to the charge of it, while he established a similar store at Meredith Bridge, New Hampshire (now Laconia), books being the principal stock. These three brothers for more than forty years remained in a copartnership with absolute unity of interests, though in different lines of business, and located in different cities. In 1850 Mr. Lothrop bought out a book store in Dover, New Hampshire, which he made one of the best and largest in New England, and it became a literary centre: a favorite meeting-place for the cultivated people of the town.
By 1868, Lothrop was ready to concentrate his forces upon the broader accomplishment of his life purpose of publishing literature for the people, and especially for children and youth. He then transferred his publishing work to Boston, with headquarters at 38 and 40 Cornhill. From the first he encouraged American authors, being a true American, in feeling and instinct, and up to the time of his death had issued more books written by Americans than any other publisher. He was indefatigable in his efforts to stimulate young writers and bring to the surface latent talent; and men and women now well known as authors were many of them first brought before the reading public by him.
He instituted a new and distinct literature for children, publishing it under much discouragement until it became a great success and brought him the title of the "children's friend."  He was eminently successful in elevating the standard of literature for the Sunday-school, for young people and for the home, always carrying out his first expressed purpose "never to publish a work simply sensational, no matter what chances of money it has in it, and to publish books that will make true, steadfast growth in right living—not alone right thinking, but right living."
Increased business compelled him to seek more spacious quarters, and in 1875 he removed to the large block on the corner of Franklin and Hawley streets. Again, to acquire more space, he removed in 1887 to 364 and 366 Washington Street, opposite Bromfield Street, using large warehouses on Purchase Street for the manufacture and storing of his books. His sales-rooms and warehouses were among the most extensive in the trade. In 1874 he originated Wide Awake, a magazine for young people and the family. The Pansy, Our Little Men and Women, Babyland, the Chautauqua Young Folks' Journal and the quarterly Best Things, were other periodicals issued by this firm, all eminently successful.
Lothrop's American instincts and principles were so strong, that he worked for a long period of years toward the better development of citizenship; and soon after 1880 projected plans for the consummation of this work; and was at pains to spend a good deal of time in consultation with leading citizens in congress and elsewhere, in order to devise the best means by which an interest in citizenship might be awakened and extended. The result of his effort was the organization of the American Institute of Civics.
Lothrop was married, July 25, 1860, to Ellen J., daughter of Joseph and Nancy Morrill of Dover, New Hampshire, who died in March, 1880. He was again married, October 4, 1881, to Harriet Mulford Stone, daughter of architect Sidney Mason Stone and his second wife, Harriet Mulford of New Haven, Connecticut, who bore him a daughter, Margaret Mulford Lothrop, born July 27, 1884. Their winters were spent in Boston, their summers at "The Wayside," Concord, Massachusetts, the only home ever owned by Nathaniel Hawthorne, which Lothrop purchased in 1883. Here was dispensed a gracious hospitality, drawing to the celebrated old mansion, guests from both sides of the ocean, men and women of high social position and reputation for intellectual gifts.
His death occurred in Boston in the midst of his work, after a few days' illness, March 18, 1892. He was laid to rest in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Massachusetts, on Ridge Hill, that spot so famous as the burial place of distinguished men and women.
- The National Cyclopaedia of American biography, Vol 8 (1898) James T. White & Company, New York
- "Obituary" (1892) New York Times
- "BOSTON NOTES, The Consolidation of Lothrop Company and Lee & Shepard" (Sep 3, 1904) New York Times 
- "Mrs. Daniel Lothrop" (Jul 1, 1905) New York Times