Daniel Murray (bishop)

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The Most Reverend
Daniel Murray
Archbishop of Dublin
Primate of Ireland
Daniel Murray.jpg
Daniel Murray at the Pro-Cathedral Dublin
Church Roman Catholic
See Dublin
In office 1823 - 1852
Predecessor John Troy
Successor Paul Cullen
Personal details
Born 18 April 1768
Arklow, Ireland
Died 26 February 1852

Daniel Murray (1768, at Sheepwalk, near Arklow, Ireland - at Dublin, 1852) was a Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin.

Life[edit]

He was born on 18 April 1768 at Sheepwalk, near Arklow, County Wicklow, the son of Thomas and Judith Murray. His parents were farmers. [1] At the age of eight he went to Thomas Betagh's school at Saul's Court, near Christchurch Cathedral. At sixteen, Archbishop John Carpenter sent him to the Irish College of Salamanca, completing his studies at the University of Salamanca. He was ordained priest in 1792 at the age of twenty-four.[2]

After some years as curate at St. Paul's Church in Dublin he was transferred to Arklow, and was there in 1798 when the rebellion broke out. The yeomenry shot the parish priest in bed and Murray, to escape a similar fate, fled to the city where for two he served as curate at St. Andrew’s Chapel on Hawkins Street.[3] As a preacher, Murray is said to have been particularly effective, especially in appeals for charitable causes, such as the schools. He was then assigned to the Chapel of St. Mary in Upper Liffey Street where Archbishop John Troy was the Parish Priest.[2]

In 1809, at the request of Archbishop Troy, Murray was appointed coadjutor bishop, and consecrated on 30 November 1809. In 1811 he was made Administrator of St. Andrew’s. That same year he helped Mary Aikenhead establish the Religious Sisters of Charity. While coadjutor he filled for one year the position of president of St Patrick's College, Maynooth.[3]

Murray was an uncompromising opponent of a proposal granting the British government a "veto" over Catholic ecclesiastical appointments in Ireland, and in 1814 and 1815, made two separate trips to Rome concerning the controversy.[4]

Murray became Archbishop of Dublin in 1825 and on 14 November 1825 celebrated the completion of St Mary's Pro-Cathedral. He enjoyed the confidence of successive popes, and was held in high respect by the British government. His life was mainly devoted to ecclesiastical affairs, the establishment and organisation of religious associations for the education and relief of the poor. With the outbreak of cholera in the 1830s, in 1834 he and Mother Aikenhead founded St. Vincent’s Hospital. Murray persuaded Edmund Rice to send members of the Christian Brothers to Dublin to start a school for boys. The first was opened in a lumber yard on the City-quay. He assisted Catherine McAuley in founding the Sisters of Mercy, and in 1831 professed the first three members.[5]

Edward Bouverie Pusey had an interview with him in 1841, and bore testimony to his moderation, and John Henry Newman had some correspondence with him prior to Newman's conversion from the Anglican Church to the Roman Catholic Church in 1845. A seat in the privy council at Dublin, officially offered to him in 1846, was not accepted.[1] Murray took part in the synod of the Roman Catholic clergy at Thurles in 1850.

Towards the end of his life, his eyesight was impaired and he read and wrote with some difficulty. Among his last official functions was a funeral service for Richard Lalor Sheil who had died in Italy, and whose body had been brought back to Ireland for burial. Daniel Murray died at Dublin on 26 February 1852,[1] at the age of eighty-four. He was interred in the pro-cathedral, Dublin, where a marble statue of him has been erected in connection with a monument to his memory, executed by James Farrell, president of the Royal Hibernian Academy of Fine Arts. [1]

Views[edit]

He was a strong supporter of Daniel O'Connell's Catholic Association, and gave testimony before the Parliamentary Commission on Catholic emancipation, but remained aloof from the Repeal Association.[6]

Murray was later a strong opponent of the Ecclesiastical Titles Act 1851.[5] Because the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 (Statute 10 of George IV, chapter 10) had forbidden the use of the old titles except by the clergy of the established Protestant Church,[7] the Catholic Church had refrained from using the ancient titles of the existing Anglican sees, and had created new titles for their bishoprics. In Ireland, the Catholic hierarchy continued to use the titles of the ancient sees.[8] In 1850, in response to the Catholic emancipation legislation, Pope Pius IX set up a Roman Catholic hierarchy of dioceses in England and Wales in Universalis Ecclesiae. The Ecclesiastical Titles Act 1851 was passed in response, making it a criminal offence for anyone outside the Church of England to use any episcopal title "of any city, town or place, or of any territory or district (under any designation or description whatsoever), in the United Kingdom". The Roman Catholic community unofficially used the territorial titles, although the bishops themselves carefully stayed within the letter of the law. No one was ever prosecuted.[9]

He supported Stanley's National Education scheme and among the first Education Commissioners, wished to tolerate the Queen's Colleges, as opposed to the views of Archbishop John MacHale of Tuam.[10] He had hesitation, however, in accepting the adverse decision of Rome, and was present at the Synod of Thurles where the Queen's Colleges were formally condemned.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gilbert 1894.
  2. ^ a b "Daniel Murray (1823 – 1852)", Archdiocese of Dublin
  3. ^ a b D'Alton, Edward. "Daniel Murray." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 3 February 2018
  4. ^ "Daniel Murray (1768-1852", Collections, Emory University
  5. ^ a b Meagher, William. The Life of Rev. Daniel Murray, Dublin, Gerald Bellew, 1856 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ McCaffrey, Lawrence J., Daniel O'Connell and the Repeal Year, University Press of Kentucky, 2015, ISBN 9780813163543, p. 65
  7. ^ Report of Select Committee, p. 85
  8. ^ Report of the House of Commons Select Committee on Ecclesiastical Titles and Roman Catholic Relief Acts, 2 August 1867, p. 89
  9. ^ Chadwick, Owen. The Victorian Church p 304
  10. ^ Bolster, M. Angela, et al. “Correspondence Concerning the System of National Education between Archbishop Daniel Murray of Dublin and Bishop George J. Browne of Galway.” Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, vol. 37, 1979, pp. 54–61.
Attribution

Sources[edit]

  • D'Alton, Archbishops of Dublin (Dublin, 1838)
  • Healy, Centenary History of Maynooth College (Dublin, 1895)
  • Meagher, Life of Archbishop Murray (Dublin, 1853)
  • FitzPatrick, Life of Dr. Doyle (Dublin, 1880)
  • O'Reilly, Life of Archbishop MacHale (New York, 1890)

External links[edit]