Daniel Read Anthony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Daniel Read Anthony
Daniel-anthonry.jpg
Born August 22, 1824
Adams, Massachusetts, USA
Died November 12, 1904(1904-11-12) (aged 80)
Occupation publisher, abolitionist
Known for Leavenworth Times
Spouse(s) Annie E. Osborn
Children Daniel Read Anthony, Jr.
Relatives Susan B. Anthony

Daniel Read Anthony (August 22, 1824 – November 12, 1904) was an American publisher and abolitionist. Considered colorful and controversial, he published the Leavenworth Times in Leavenworth, Kansas, as well as other newspapers in the area.[1]

Early life[edit]

Anthony was born in South Adams, Massachusetts, one of eight children born to Daniel Anthony and Lucy Read.[2] His older sister was Susan B. Anthony. He attended school in Battenville, New York, later working in his father's cotton and flour mill until age 23.[2]

Kansas[edit]

Anthony first came to Kansas in 1854 as part of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company to fight against the extension of slavery to the Kansas Territory. He settled in Leavenworth in 1857, residing in a house at 515 North Esplanade Street.[3] Around this same time Anthony was involved with the Underground Railroad in Leavenworth, helping a freed black man named William Dominick Matthews harbor escaped slaves.[2]

On January 26, 1861, Anthony founded the Leavenworth Daily Conservative paper, later selling it to purchase the Leavenworth Times.[4] He was also named the town postmaster.

At the time, Leavenworth was the end of the telegraph line and in January 1861 he rode by horseback to Lawrence, Kansas to inform the territorial legislature of the approval of statehood for Kansas.[3]

In 1861, rival publisher Robert C. Satterlee of the Kansas Herald accused Anthony of being a coward. They met on the street and exchanged gunfire with Satterlee being killed.[3]

Military service[edit]

During the American Civil War, in 1861 and 1862, Anthony was a lieutenant colonel in the Union 7th Regiment Kansas Volunteer Cavalry where he saw action in Tennessee, Kentucky, Mississippi and Alabama.

He was elected Leavenworth mayor in 1863 and he enlisted several volunteers to burn buildings of Confederate sympathizers on the edge of town. Union General Thomas Ewing, who placed Leavenworth under martial law during the American Civil War, had him arrested for interfering with martial law (Anthony said they could locally maintain order in their own city).

Late life[edit]

In 1864 Anthony bought the Leavenworth Bulletin. In 1866 he was removed as postmaster for not supporting Reconstruction policies. He was elected presiding officer of the Republican State Convention in 1868. In 1870-1871, he served on the city council. In 1871, Anthony purchased the Leavenworth Times, the oldest daily newspaper in Kansas. His public stance on issues and his steady acquisition of newspapers raised controversy.

In 1875, William Embry, rival editor of the Daily Appeal, shot him at the Leavenworth Opera House.[5] Because he was not expected to live, his sister Susan visited him.[3]

In 1876 he bought the Leavenworth Commercial, giving him a monopoly on local newspapers.

In 1887, after Anthony was horsewhipped by a man, Leavenworth residents paid by "nickel subscription" the $100 fine for a man charged with horsewhipping. In 1891 the town's mayor was fined $30 for whipping Anthony.

Legacy[edit]

Anthony’s son Daniel Read Anthony, Jr. edited the Leavenworth Times and served as Congressman from 1907 to 1929.

The Leavenworth Times remained in the Anthony family for four generations until 1960, ending with Daniel R. Anthony IV.[5]

Anthony's childhood home in Adams, Massachusetts, is now a museum dedicated to his sister Susan B. Anthony, who was a leader in the women's suffrage movement.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ White, James Terry (1892). The National cyclopaedia of American biography; Volume 6. New York: J.T. White. p. 371. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c Weiser, Kathy (2010-03-01). "Historic People of Kansas, Anthony". Legends of Kansas. Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Locations: The Anthony's (#13)". City of Leavenworth, Kansas. Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  4. ^ "Anthony, Daniel Read". Kansas Press Association. Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  5. ^ a b "Johnston Jottings: Four generations of Anthony men and the Times". Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  6. ^ Sarah Sutton (June 11, 2007). "Suffragette's home gets national designation". The Glen Falls Post-Star. Retrieved May 28, 2012. 

External links[edit]