Daniel Solod

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Daniel Solod, photographed in Syria in 1944

Daniel Semyonovich Solod (Russian: Даниил Семёнович Солод, 1908–1988) was a Soviet diplomat and orientalist.[1] He began working in the Soviet diplomatic corps in 1937. In 1940–1941 he served as Officer at the Soviet embassy in Yugoslavia. He was then transferred to Iran, where he served as Officer at the Soviet embassy in 1941-1943. In 1944–1950 he was the Soviet consul to Egypt. He served as the Soviet envoy to Lebanon and Syria. In 1953–1956 he returned to Egypt, as the Soviet envoy (becoming ambassador in 1954).[2][3] Returning from Egypt, he was put in charge of the Near East department at the Soviet Foreign Ministry.[4] Between 1959 and 1962 he was the Soviet ambassador to Guinea. After returning from Guinea, he worked at the Africa Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR until 1970.[2]

In Egypt[edit]

Solod served as the Soviet envoy to Egypt in run-up to the 1956 Suez Crisis, and held discussions with Gamal Abdul Nasser regardings arms imports from the Soviet Union. Solod also maintained contacts with the Egyptian government in discussions on Soviet aid to the construction of Aswan Dam.[5][6] Apart from the contacts with the Egyptian government, he also maintained contacts with local communists. From 1955 onwards, he advised Egyptian communists to recognize Nasser as a 'bourgeois nationalist'.[1]

In Guinea[edit]

Solod was appointed ambassador to Guinea on December 30, 1959. He succeeded Pavel Gerasimov.[3] However, Solod's stay in Guinea was terminated by a diplomatic crisis between the two states. In November 1961 the Guinean president Ahmed Sékou Touré accused Solod of being involved in the so-called 'teachers' plot' (an alleged coup attempt by radical elements of the teachers' union).[7][8] During a diplomatic reception in Conakry, Touré's presidential protocol officer pulled Solod out and directed him to immediately go to the Guinean Foreign Ministry. At the Foreign Ministry, he was informed that he was persona non grata in Guinea and that he had to leave the country at once.[9]

Solod's actual role in the alleged plot is believed to have been very marginal.[8] In January 1962 the Soviet Union sent a new ambassador to Guinea, Dmitry Degtyar. Although the Soviet Union tried to downplay the rift between the two states after Solod's departure, the Solod affair contributed to a weaking of Soviet-Guinean relations and an opening for increased links between Guinea and the People's Republic of China.[7][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A Short Political Guide To The Arab World
  2. ^ a b Očerki istorii Ministerstva Inostrannych Del Rossii 1917 - 2002 gg. 2. Moscow: Olma-press, 2002. p. 374
  3. ^ a b http://whp057.narod.ru/rossi-m8.htm
  4. ^ Alan, Ray. Stirrings in Araby: Tribal Feuds and World Politics
  5. ^ Rubin, Neville N., and William M. Warren. Dams in Africa; An Inter-Disciplinary Study of Man-Made Lakes in Africa. New York: A.M. Kelley, 1968. p. 114
  6. ^ Burns, William J. Economic Aid and American Policy Toward Egypt, 1955-1981. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984. pp. 29, 43
  7. ^ a b Klinghoffer, Arthur Jay. Soviet Perspectives on African Socialism. Rutherford [N.J.]: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1969. p. 108
  8. ^ a b Stevens, Chris. Africa and the Soviet Union, in International Relations 1971; 3; 1014
  9. ^ a b Time. Guinea: Slap for Red Pals
  10. ^ Anda, Michael O. International Relations in Contemporary Africa. Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 2000. p. 235