Daniel Spry

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Daniel Charles Spry
Daniel Spry.jpg
Born February 4, 1913
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Died April 2, 1989(1989-04-02) (aged 76)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Buried Beechwood Cemetery, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Allegiance  Canada
Service/branch  Canadian Army
Years of service 1932–1946
Rank Major General
Unit The Royal Canadian Regiment
Commands held 1st Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment
1st Canadian Infantry Brigade
11th Canadian Infantry Brigade
3rd Canadian Infantry Division
Battles/wars Sicily
Italy
Normandy
Boulogne
Scheldt
Rhineland
Awards Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Canadian Forces Decoration
Other work Chief Executive Commissioner of the Scout Movement in Canada

Major General Daniel Charles Spry CBE DSO CD (February 4, 1913 – April 2, 1989) was a senior Canadian Army officer who commanded the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division during Operation Veritable in World War II.[1]

War service[edit]

In 1943, Spry commanded the 1st Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment and then the 1st Canadian Infantry Brigade, in Italy. In 1944, he commanded the 12th Canadian Infantry Brigade. Later, in 1944, he took charge of the 3rd Canadian Division, in North-West Europe, until the end of the Rhineland Campaign.[2] The commander of II Canadian Corps, Guy Simonds, was dissatisfied with Spry's performance during the assaults on heavily defended woodland near Moyland, southeast of Kleve and later on the Hochwald, saying that he "lacked quick tactical appreciation and robust drive in ... urgent tactical situations". In turn, Spry felt that neither Simonds nor Crerar fully understood the situation "at the sharp end of battle". Simonds was adamant that Spry should go but Crerar was more sympathetic and he campaigned for Spry's appointment to the Canadian Reinforcement Units in Britain, appreciating Spry's ability as a trainer of soldiers (endorsed by Simonds) and the value of having a battle experienced officer in that role.[3][4] Spry was relieved of command of the 3rd Division at the end of Operation Blockbuster and he duly left for Britain to command the Canadian Reinforcement Units.

Postwar[edit]

In 1946, Spry became Vice-Chief of the General Staff at National Defence HQ in Ottawa[1] and retired later that year.[2]

In 1969, Spry presented the Major-General D.C. Spry Trophy, an annual small arms competition for the Royal Canadian Regiment.[5]

Scouting[edit]

Spry became Director of the Boy Scouts World Bureau and was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting, in 1961.[6]In 1956 he also received the highest distinction of the Scout Association of Japan, the Golden Pheasant Award.[7]

World Organization of the Scout Movement
Preceded by
J. S. Wilson
Secretary General
1951–1965
Succeeded by
Richard T. Lund

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Major-General D.C. Spry". Canada in WWII. Retrieved June 1, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Ammentorp, Steen (2000–2009). "Major-General D.C. Spry". Canadian Generals. generals.dk. Retrieved June 1, 2009. 
  3. ^ Dickson, Paul Douglas (2007). A thoroughly Canadian general. University of Toronto Press. Retrieved June 3, 2009. 
  4. ^ Copp, J. T.; Richard Nielsen (1996). No price too high: Canadians and the Second World War. McGraw-Hill Ryerson. Retrieved June 3, 2009. 
  5. ^ "The Major-General D.C. Spry Trophy". Royal Canadian Regiment. 2009. Retrieved June 1, 2009. [permanent dead link]
  6. ^ John S. Wilson (1959), Scouting Round the World. First edition, Blandford Press. p. 133, 190, 194, 218, 219, 239, 256, 262, 266, 271, 276, 281
  7. ^ reinanzaka-sc.o.oo7.jp/kiroku/documents/20140523-3-kiji-list.pdf