Daniel Swarovski

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Daniel Swarovski
Daniel Swarovski portrait.jpg
Born24 October 1862
Died23 January 1956(1956-01-23) (aged 93)
Wattens, Austria
  • Glass cutter
  • jeweler
  • inventor
  • business entrepreneur
Years active1892–1956
Known forFounder of Swarovski
Political partyNazi Party[1]
Spouse(s)Marie Weis
Sculpture of Daniel Swarovski in Wattens

Daniel Swarovski (24 October 1862 – 23 January 1956) was a Bohemian-born Austrian glass cutter, jeweler, and founder of the Swarovski crystal dynasty.

Early life[edit]

Swarovski was born in Georgenthal bei Gablonz, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (now Jiřetín pod Bukovou, Czech Republic), the son of Franz Anton Swarovski and Helene Swarovski (née Staffen).[nb 1][2] He was born in the Jizera Mountains, 20 km (12 miles) from the current border with Poland. Like many in the area, his father was a glass cutter, and Swarovski first learned the art of glass-cutting in his father's small factory. He was educated in Paris and Vienna, where he met electrical engineer František Křižík, and became interested in electricity at the 1883 Electricity Exhibition in Vienna.[2][3]


In 1892, Swarovski patented an electric cutting machine that facilitated the production of lead crystal glass jewelry, which until then had to be cut by hand. In 1895, he moved to Austria proper and partnered with Armand Kosman and Franz Weis to form "A. Kosmann, D. Swarovski & Co." They built a crystal-cutting factory in Wattens in Tyrol, to take advantage of local hydroelectricity for the energy-intensive grinding processes Swarovski had patented.[4][5][6][7]

In 1919, Swarovski founded the Tyrolit company, bringing the grinding and polishing tools from his crystal business into a different market. In 1949, Swarovski Optik KG was founded by his son Wilhelm Swarovski in Absam, Tyrol.[4][8]

Personal life[edit]

In 1887, Swarovski married Marie Weis, the sister of his business partner Franz Weis, and they had three sons: Fritz, Alfred, and Wilhelm.[9]



  1. ^ The surname Swarovski was quite common in those days in Bohemia, and Daniel Swarovski never had the Germanic surname Swartz as stated previously in one source.


  1. ^ "IM EINKLANG MIT DER NSDAP – das Unternehmen Swarovski in der NS-Zeit – Horst Schreiber".
  2. ^ a b "Kryształy Swarovskiego". Arande (in Polish). Retrieved 17 June 2017.
  3. ^ Hammerich-Maier, Maria (4 July 2010). "Ein Unternehmen mit Schliff: Carborundum Electrité". Radio Praha auf Deutsche (in German). Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Our Company: Our History". Swarovski. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  5. ^ "About Swarovski". crystalfanaticsclub.com. Crystal Fanatics Club.
  6. ^ Callan, Georgina O'Hara; Glover, Cat (2008). The Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Fashion and Fashion Designers. Thames & Hudson. p. 248.
  7. ^ "Swarovski: About Us - The Story". Swarovski. Archived from the original on 23 October 2009. Retrieved 8 November 2009.
  8. ^ "Daniel Swarovski Biography: Crystal Stones That Shine Like Diamonds". Astrum People. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
  9. ^ "The History Of Swarovski". HarMan Importing.

External links[edit]