Daniel Swarovski

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Daniel Swarovski, sculpture in Wattens

Daniel Swarovski (né Daniel Swartz;[1] 24 October 1862, Georgenthal bei Gablonz (Czech: Jiřetín pod Bukovou; not Sankt Georgenthal (Czech: Jiřetín pod Jedlovou)), Bohemia (now Czech Republic) - 23 January 1956, Wattens) was an Austrian Jewish[2] glass cutter and jeweller born in Bohemia. His father was a Slovak glass cutter who owned a small glass factory, and Swarovski first learned the art of glass-cutting in his father's factory. In 1892 he patented an electric cutting machine that facilitated the production of lead crystal glass jewellery.[3][4][5]

The Swarovski family including Daniel Swarovski were "illegal" Nazi NSDAP party members; his NSDAP-ID badge number was 6.181.200.[6] Nobody understood exactly why:[2]

The Swarovskis ran their crystal business, generation after generation, doing moderately well until WWII. How they have weathered WWII when almost all the other Austrian Jews were handed over, well, no information on that either. Some reckon that it’s most likely because optical lenses were important for the war effort, and Swarovski made the best.

In 1949, Swarovski Optik KG was founded by Wilhelm in Absam, Tyrol.[7] Wilhelm Swarovski, son of the original founder, was 47 years of age.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ [1] Ask.com
  2. ^ a b "Swarovski Crystal Still Sparkles After A Century"
  3. ^ All About Swarovski at Crystal Fanatics Club
  4. ^ Callan, Georgina O'Hara; Glover, Cat (2008). The Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Fashion and Fashion Designers. Thames & Hudson. p. 248.
  5. ^ "Swarovski: About Us - The Story". Swarovski. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  6. ^ http://www.horstschreiber.at/texte/swarovski-in-der-nszeit/
  7. ^ "Daniel Swarovski Biography: Crystal Stones That Shine Like Diamonds". Astrum People. Retrieved June 2, 2015.